Diarrhea

Does Levomitsetin help with diarrhea how to take it than to replace the best new drugs

Stool disorder is a frequent occurrence characterized by the dilution of fecal masses and an increase in defecation. When diarrhea is protracted, and diet or habitual means do not help to cope with the disorder, the patient begins to look for a more effective way to stop the unpleasant process. Acceptance of antibacterial drugs is relevant if the disorder is caused by food intoxication or intestinal infection. One of the list of effective medicines for diarrhea is Levomycetin, which allows to eliminate a symptom in a short time.

Benefits of Levomycetin

Levomycetin - an antibacterial drug of a wide spectrum of action. Actively affects the causative agents of intestinal infections (except viral and fungal). The drug inhibits the growth and reproduction of bacteria - pathogens of salmonellosis, shigellosis. It affects the cell of the microorganism, destroying the formation of protein, destroying its viability. The drug does not eliminate the symptom, but affects the cause that triggered the body’s response.

The drug is available in the form of white tablets with a yellowish tinge. Levomycetin is prescribed for acute intestinal infections. With selected pathologies that cause diarrhea, an antibiotic is needed. Diseases in which the drug is taken:

  • Salmonellosis
  • Dysentery,
  • Typhoid fever and other.

For some bacteria, the drug is inactive. Therefore, it is important to establish the exact cause of the pathology before taking the medication.

Effectively a means of food poisoning and indigestion, if:

  • Stool frequency is more than 10-15 times, and the patient’s condition does not improve after taking alternative medications.
  • In liquid stool, the patient notices bloody streaks or pus. This case implies anti-bacterial therapy.
  • Infectious diarrhea, but no alternative antibacterial agents affect it. The patient must pass a stool test to establish the pathogen.
  • In addition to intestinal upset, there is an increased body temperature.
  • The patient has an individual intolerance or an allergic reaction to other antibacterial drugs.

Dosing and Administration

Prescribe antibacterial drugs can doctor. The doctor sets the dosage, duration of treatment with chloramphenicol, depending on the severity of the disease. When the patient begins to use the medicine, the condition improves markedly after a day. But to finish the therapy is contraindicated - you need to take the drug a full course prescribed by the doctor to destroy the bacteria finally. On average, the course of treatment ranges from a week to ten days.

Tablets should be taken half an hour before meals or one hour after meals. For better absorption, it is permissible to bite the tablet. The taste of the drug is very bitter, you need to drink a pill with plenty of water. Tablets consumed after the same period of time.

In the box with the medicine there is a instructions for use, which must be followed, but you need to use the medicine as indicated by the doctor.

Admission rules for adults

If diarrhea is in an adult, it is recommended to take a pill after 5 hours. The total daily dosage in adults should not exceed 4 grams.

A mild form of diarrhea involves taking a pill 4 times a day.

In severe form of diarrhea caused by infection, 2-4 tablets are prescribed - 3-4 times a day.

Rules for admission to children

Levomycetin - a potent drug. When treating diarrhea, it is important to know the dosage for children and not to exceed it. Children are prescribed the drug, given the age and weight.

A child under three years is not recommended to give more than 10-15 mg per kilogram of weight. With a weight of 10 kg - not more than 125 mg is allowed.

From 3 to 8 years is allowed no more than 200 mg per day.

Older than 8 - up to 300 mg per day.

Giving medicine against diarrhea to the child is allowed after the diagnosis and consultation of the therapist.

Contraindications

The antibiotic has a strong effect, emit contraindications. Restrictions on the use of:

  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding period. If therapy is necessary, treatment for the period of treatment should be abandoned.
  • Impaired renal function.
  • Porphyrin Disease.
  • Children age up to 4 months.
  • Diabetes.
  • Skin diseases: psoriasis, eczema.
  • Allergy and individual intolerance to the components of the drug.

Can not be taken with angina and acute respiratory viral diseases.

In this case, it is recommended to refuse to use the medication or replace it with another drug, after consulting with your doctor.

It is not recommended to use the medication in case of an upset of the stool caused by allergies, or the use of products with a laxative effect. Antibiotic treatment is carried out in case of infection in the digestive tract.

By-effect

Taking the medication even in accordance with the prescribed dosage is often accompanied by the appearance of symptoms. The patient may feel dizzy and sore, impair vision and hearing. Levomitsetin causes pathological processes in the circulatory system, for example, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia. In the stomach, the patient may feel discomfort - bloating, flatulence.

Patients prone to allergies develop skin rash or other reactions. In difficult cases, edema occurs, representing a danger to human health and life.

Side effects disappear after cessation of treatment.

Overdose

Exceeding the recommended dose is fraught with various complications. The patient may deteriorate vision and hearing, dizziness, pain in the head. Symptom overdose is general weakness, nausea, vomiting, seizures.

Often, patients in pursuit of a quick recovery make an independent decision - to increase the dose of the drug. When taking antibiotics is prohibited to independently change the dosage. In diarrhea, the doctor prescribes the volume needed by the patient. Excess worsens the condition and may cause severe stool disorder.

Precautionary measures

To protect against adverse reactions, it is necessary to follow the rules of taking the medication:

  • Consultation with a doctor before therapy for diarrhea with an antibiotic is required. Especially when it comes to treating a child of infancy.
  • It is not allowed to take the medicine in case of a single bowel disorder, in the absence of other signs of intoxication.
  • Levomitsetin is an antibiotic that affects the intestinal microflora, which leads to dysbiosis. Already at the stage of treatment, you need to take probiotics to restore the intestinal microflora. It is recommended to drink Linex, Bifidumbakterin, Bifiform. These probiotics go well with antibiotic therapy.
  • Diarrhea is not always a sign of infection. Symptom may indicate chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. When planning to begin treatment with antibiotics, you need to seek help from a doctor, be examined and identify the cause of diarrhea.

It is forbidden to take pills when using alcohol-containing products. Alcohol reduces the effectiveness of the drug. A positive result will not be if you combine alcoholic beverages and antibiotic therapy.

To overcome infectious diarrhea, drugs similar to Levomitsetina or antibiotic substitutes can:

  • Levomitsetin Aktivit - medication, produced in the form of tablets. The main substance is chloramphenicol, as in standard Levomycetin. Different from the antibiotic composition of excipients.
  • Levomycetin Darnitsya - broad-spectrum antibiotic with the active substance - chloramphenicol.
  • Dexamethasone is a synthetic drug that regulates protein and carbohydrate metabolism. May be prescribed instead of Levomitsetina in typhoid fever, diphtheria.

The choice of antibacterial agent depends on the causative agent of the disease. A doctor should prescribe a medicine based on laboratory tests of a person’s biological material.

Levomitsetin - a strong antibiotic that helps to cope with the infection in adults and children. It is forbidden to take for any diarrhea, as the medicine will not only help to cope with the banal disorder of the stool, but will also increase diarrhea. Before taking you need to identify the cause with the help of laboratory research. And making sure that the symptom is triggered by bacteria, start antibiotic therapy without disturbing the dosage.

How to take chloramphenicol from diarrhea?

In connection with the effectiveness of the drug against many pathogens of acute intestinal infections (AEI), previously, levomycetin in diarrhea in adults was used quite often, however, at the present time, it is practically not used in AOI.

This is due to two main reasons. Firstly, despite the myths about its harmlessness common in everyday life, chloramphenicol is a fairly toxic antibiotic. Treatment with this drug often leads to the development of undesirable effects, in particular, the drug inhibits the hematopoietic function of the bone marrow.

Secondly, due to the frequent self-treatment of patients with chloramphenicol tablets for diarrhea, many strains of bacteria have become resistant to this drug.

The use of chloramphenicol actibitab for diarrhea has long been considered an extremely popular method of treatment, but many patients preferred not only to prescribe an antibiotic themselves, but also to take it incorrectly, drinking levomycetin 1–2 days and discontinuing.

It should also be noted that the majority of acute intestinal infections are viral etiology, therefore, it can be not only advisable, but also dangerous to take chloramphenicol in children and adults with diarrhea. On the background of taking antibiotics, the normal intestinal microflora is inhibited, therefore, in case of viral OKA, chloramphenicol can only worsen the patient's condition.

Answering the question: does levomycetin actititab for diarrhea help, it should be noted that the antibiotic can still be used for generalized form of salmonellosis or for shigellosis caused by Shigella Sonnay. However, in this case, chloramphenicol is not the drug of choice and should be used only after receiving crops for the sensitivity of the pathogen to the antibiotic. Appointment of chloramphenicol would be appropriate only if the sensitivity of Salmonella or Shigella to it will exceed the sensitivity to other antibacterial agents.

Dosage of chloramphenicol

In moderate infections, adult patients are prescribed from 0.25 to 0.5 grams of antibiotic every 6-8 hours. In severe infections, in the hospital (under the control of the KLA, and biochemical analysis of blood) can be prescribed from 0.5 to 1 gram of antibiotic every six hours.

Children from three to eight years old are prescribed 0.125 grams every six to eight hours. And from 8 to 16 years old - 0.25 grams every 6-8 hours.

The duration of treatment is determined by the attending physician.

What to replace chloramphenicol?

It is important to understand that the use of antibiotics for acute intestinal infections, as with any other diseases, should be justified. Antibacterial therapy is mandatory for diarrhea of ​​the bloody type (that is, diarrhea is accompanied by discharge of bloody mucus or streaks of blood) and for cholera (diarrhea of ​​the secretory type).

Also, antibacterial therapy is advisable for high (unrecoverable for a day) fever, severe diarrhea, severe OCI (caused by shigella, Salmonella, or Escherichia), complicated by the course of salmonellosis, as well as OCI in patients with immunodeficiency states.

For severe diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, fever, and dehydration, call an ambulance immediately. Obligatory indication for emergency hospitalization is the patient's age under three years. The fact is that young children develop severe dehydration extremely quickly, leading to a decrease in circulating blood volume, thickening of the blood, impaired electrolyte balance, renal dysfunction, etc.

Attempts to self-treat babies in their first years of life are extremely dangerous and can be fatal.

What antibiotics can be used to treat intestinal infections?

According to indications can be applied:

  • ansamycins (rifaximin, alpha normiks),
Alpha Normix Tablets
  • fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin),
Ciprofloxacin 0,25g
  • ampicillin,
Ampicillin 250 mg photo
  • doxycycline.
Doxycycline 100 mg

It must be understood that the choice of antibiotic will depend on the pathogen, its sensitivity to the drug and the severity of the patient's condition. Prescribe antibiotics should the attending physician.

Currently often used intestinal antiseptics. Recommended application:

  • Intestopana,
  • Intrix,
  • Nifuroxazide,
  • Entericated
Nifuroxazide

The use of sorbents for intestinal infections is mandatory. These drugs are able to bind and excrete exogenous and endogenous toxins produced by bacteria endotoxins, toxic decomposition products of proteins, food and bacterial allergens.

  • Smect,
  • Laktofiltrum,
  • Enterosgelya,
  • Activated carbon
  • Karbolonga
  • Atoxyl,
  • Polysorb,
  • Orbex,
  • Polyphepane.
Polysorb

Eubiotics with diarrhea

For non-severe secretory (watery) diarrheas, eubiotics are used:

  • Enterohermina
  • Hilak,
  • Linex,
  • Atsipol
  • Accyophilic simbiter,
  • Baktisubtil.
Enterohermine

These drugs contribute to the restoration of the normal intestinal microflora, the normalization of the body's natural resistance, the restoration of local immunity, activate the work of specific and nonspecific immunity.

Also useful bacteria contained in eubiotics (probiotics) are able to regulate the digestive function of the gastrointestinal tract, restore parietal absorption in the intestine, synthesize vitamins K and B, restore the absorption of electrolytes.

In intestinal infections and pronounced dysbacteriosis with the activation of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, these drugs act as antagonists of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic bacteria, disrupting their growth, reproduction and activity.

Article prepared
infectious diseases doctor Chernenko A.L.

Drug effects

The drug Levomycetin - a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which is indicated for use in the presence of certain microorganisms in the body.

The action of the tablets is aimed at disrupting the process of protein synthesis in microbial cells. Levomitsetin ineffective against acid-resistant bacteria and anaerobes, as well as some representatives of staphylococcus.

Levomitsetin incorporates chloramphenicol. Tablets for diarrhea are made up of colorless crystals with a bitter taste. Since 1947, scientists have found a method of producing the drug by synthetic means.

Proved the slow development of resistance of pathogenic bacteria to the main substance of the considered medication for diarrhea. Therefore, Levomycetin can be used in children and adults.

Tablets are also indicated for use in dysentery, enterocolitis, salmonellosis and other pathologies that occur with diarrhea.

Most strains of antibiotic-resistant bacteria of the penicillin and tetracycline groups are quickly destroyed by chloramphenicol.

The considered drug for diarrhea in adults and children comes in the form of tablets of yellow and white. Each tablet of diarrhea contains up to or ½ gram of the main substance.

The drug is recommended to drink if the instruction is studied.In addition to the main active ingredient, Levomitsetin with diarrhea contains the following auxiliary components:

  • potato starch strengthens tablets for diarrhea - this substance is presented in the form of a powder with a uniform consistency. This semi-finished product is harvested from potato tubers,
  • Povidone - enterosorbent detoxification effects. Easily binds toxins that are in the patient’s body,
  • calcium stearate with synthetic fatty acids.

What is Levomycetin?

Chloramphenicol (active substance - chloramphenicol) is a broad-spectrum antibacterial drug that has an effective effect against the main causative agents of intestinal infections (with the exception of viral and fungal diseases). It is important to note that the agent acts only on pathogenic bacteria, while not violating the integrity and function of normal human cells and tissues.

Main indications

Levomitsetin can fight not only with intestinal infections, so the indications for taking the drug are quite extensive:

  • a variety of infectious and inflammatory diseases, pathogens that are sensitive to chloramphenicol,
  • chronic diseases of the biliary tract,
  • other infectious diseases whose pathogens are not sensitive to common antibiotics (chlamydia, typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, peritonitis, sepsis, pneumonia, brucellosis, etc.).

Dosage and administration

The tool is available in the form of tablets of white or yellowish color, and is used exclusively inside. Tablets for diarrhea must be swallowed whole, without chewing, just with a glass of water. It is advisable to take the drug for half an hour before meals. In exceptional cases, when an intestinal infection is accompanied by frequent vomiting, the drug is taken 1 hour after a meal (so that in case of vomiting after a meal, the drug does not come out with vomit). The dose of the drug depends on the age, indications and severity of symptoms. Therefore, how to take chloramphenicol with diarrhea - most accurately respond the attending physician.

According to the instructions for use, adults with diarrhea are recommended:

  • 1 tablet (500 mg) every 4-6 hours (up to 4 tablets per day) half an hour before meals,
  • with simple forms of diarrhea (if its frequency is less than 3 times a day) a single dose of the drug is allowed,
  • the daily dosage for adults is 1500-2000 mg (one tablet contains 250 or 500 mg), in case of severe forms of diarrhea in the hospital it is possible to increase the dose to 4000 mg,
  • The course of treatment is an average of 8-10 days.

Use in children

It is necessary to give Levomitsetin to children with diarrhea with extreme caution and always with the permission of the pediatrician, since the drug has many side effects.

  • In children under 3 years of age, the daily dosage should not exceed 10-15 mg per kg of body weight. If a child weighs 10 kg, the dose is half a 250 milligram tablet.
  • From 3 to 8 years - 150-200 mg per day.
  • For children over 8 years old - no more than 300 mg per day.

Side effects

As already described above, taking Levomitsetina is an extreme remedy if other means are not able to overcome diarrhea. Cautious reception due to side effects that can cause the drug:

  • oppression of hematopoietic function and the ability to cause various kinds of bleeding (including bleeding of internal organs),
  • allergic reactions in various forms of manifestation,
  • changing the concentration of glucose in the blood, which makes it impossible to use the drug of patients with diabetes mellitus,
  • abnormal liver function, kidney, cardiovascular system,
  • in case of an overdose in newborns, severe intoxication with a fatal outcome is possible,
  • the drug is not recommended for use in pregnant and lactating women.

Special instructions and precautionary measures

In order to avoid the occurrence of these side effects, you must strictly adhere to the rules of admission and observe preventive measures during the treatment of diarrhea:

  • mandatory consultation with a specialist before using the drug, especially in the treatment of diarrhea in children,
  • The use of chloramphenicol in single diarrhea without the accompanying symptoms of intoxication and abdominal pain,
  • chloramphenicol, like any antibiotic, causes intestinal dysbiosis, as it kills its normal microflora. Therefore, measures are needed to prevent dysbacteriosis in the form of taking probiotics already during the treatment of liquid stool,
  • diarrhea does not always reflect the whole picture of an infectious disease, since it is only a symptom of it. Therefore, if you experience frequent diarrhea, fever, vomiting and other symptoms, you should immediately seek medical help. Only specialists are able to prescribe adequate treatment and carry out a complex of diagnostic measures.

A couple of decades ago, Levomitsetin was the only salvation for diarrhea, but now there are new, safer antibacterial drugs on the pharmaceutical market. Therefore, the use of chloramphenicol should be agreed with the doctor, self-treatment is unacceptable!

More articles on this topic:

Physician, working in a private clinic, Moscow. Editor-in-chief of the site “Diarrhea-treatment.”

The drug "Levomitsetin" (pills) for what helps?

This drug is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. According to its composition, it refers to bacteriostats. This suggests that the drug not only inhibits the action of pathogenic microorganisms, but also inhibits their division and growth at the cellular level. So, the composition of the tool blocks protein synthesis. As a result, the germ dies.

In what cases is prescribed the drug "Levomitsetin"? Pills from what help? Most often the medicine is prescribed in the following cases:

  • with pathologies developing in the urinary system,
  • during dysentery and pneumonia,
  • for the treatment of genital tract infections (for example, chlamydia),
  • with brucellosis and tularemia,
  • in inflammatory diseases of the eye,
  • during inguinal lymphogranuloma and psittacosis,
  • for the treatment of purulent diseases (otitis, peritonitis, skin infections),
  • in inflammation of the meninges,
  • during the accession of infections of the abdominal cavity (typhoid, paratyphoid fever),
  • for the treatment of salmonellosis and toxoplasmosis,
  • during diarrhea, and so on.

If you ask about the drug "Levomitsetin" (pills for what help), then every second person will say that the medicine cures diarrhea and poisoning. However, this is not entirely correct. If the pathology is not caused by a bacterial lesion, then the remedy may be completely impotent. In some cases, diarrhea is a consequence of a viral infection. In this case, the use of the drug is impractical.

How is the drug used?

Depending on the symptoms, an individual medication should be prescribed. Before using it, it is necessary to conduct a test for the sensitivity of bacteria to this substance. Otherwise, you can not only achieve a positive result, but also increase the resistance of microorganisms to this drug.

The tool is prescribed for oral administration about thirty minutes before meals. You can also take the medicine two hours after meals. Such a scheme should be followed in order to avoid nausea. The drug often causes a similar reaction in patients. Consider the basic regimen of receiving funds "Levomitsetin."

Diarrhea tablets for babies

Most often, the composition is used specifically for the treatment of diarrhea. It is worth noting that the medicine is usually used in babies. Adults choose more modern methods of correction. The drug "Levomitsetin" (tablets for children from diarrhea) is prescribed in the following dosage.

The initial dose is 12 milligrams of the drug per kilogram of child's weight. If the baby weighs 10 kg, then he, respectively, should be given 120 mg (this is about a quarter of the pill). Repeat this pattern should be four times a day. In this case, the effect of treatment should be noticeable on the second day. Remember that you cannot treat a child under two years old with this drug!

With urinary tract infections in women and men

Quite often, “Levomycetin” (tablets) for cystitis and various genital pathologies is prescribed. In this case, the dose for men and women will be the same.

A single serving makes up from half to one whole tablet. In the first and next day you can take no more than four pieces. The duration of the correction is determined individually by the doctor and can be from five to fourteen days.

Quite often, the drug is prescribed in the treatment of treatment of genital infection. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the toxicity of additional funds and, if necessary, take means that support the normal functioning of the liver.

Alternative methods of drug use (in cosmetology)

Very often used tablets "Levomitsetin" from acne. Cosmetologists prepare special local exposure masks from them. It should be noted that such treatment does not cause pathological changes in the liver, which is why it can be used at any age.

For the preparation of the miraculous composition you need to crush one tablet into powder. This can be done with the help of two spoons or a special mortar. After that, add a few drops of glycerin to the bulk powder. This drug can be purchased at every pharmacy chain. Apply the mask to the skin and massage. Leave the preparation for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with clean water. It is necessary to carry out the manipulation no more than twice a week.

Serious abdominal pathologies

As you know, the indication for the use of the drug is typhoid and peritonitis. These complications occur less and less, but may well develop in the absence of timely treatment. In this case, the regimen will be as follows.

At the first reception you need to drink one pill. Repeat the manipulation is necessary in 3-4 hours. In this case, the daily dose should not exceed 8 pieces. The duration of the correction is chosen by the specialist.

Summing up and a small conclusion of the article.

You now know in which cases the drug "Levomitsetin." Remember that the medicine may have a toxic effect on the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Do not take the drug expectant mothers and children under the age of two years. In case of overdose or misuse of funds can develop adverse reactions in the form of allergies, nausea and disruption of the digestive system.

Never use the drug without a doctor's recommendation. It is worth noting that in many countries, this medicine is available only by prescription. Cheers and do not get sick!

The children's body is not yet fully formed, so the child is often prone to diseases. In addition, he cannot help himself, because due to his lack of experience, he does not know how to do this, and parents must come to the rescue.

Diarrhea is a fairly common occurrence, for many reasons. In the treatment of one of the main points - the establishment of the factor that provoked the disorder, and then you can choose drugs. Levomycetin helps against childhood diarrhea.

Drug description

Levomitsetin from diarrhea children

Levomycetinum is an antibiotic of the amphenicol group. It is available in tablets with a dosage of 250 and 500 mg.

The drug is made on the basis of chloramphenicol - a synthetic antibiotic that is identical in composition to a natural substance produced by certain types of bacteria.

Each tablet of Levomitsetina contains a number of additional components:

  • calcium stearate,
  • potato starch,
  • medical low molecular weight polyvinylpyrrolidone.

Levomycetinum is a broad-spectrum antibiotic and has a systemic effect on the body. The mechanism of its work is based on the suppression of the enzyme peptidyl transferase and the violation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells.

Levomycetin activity is manifested in relation to gram-positive cocci:

  1. pneumococci,
  2. enterococci,
  3. streptococci
  4. staphylococcus.

Also chloramphenicol successfully acts against a number of bacteria:

  • salmonella,
  • shigella
  • serration,
  • E. coli
  • hemophilic sticks,
  • Protei
  • Klebsiella.

Levomitsetin effectively manifests itself in relation to spirochetes, rickettsiae, anaerobic bacteria, causative agents of inguinal lymphogranulomatosis, trachoma and psittacosis.

The drug successfully inhibits the activity of strains that are resistant to other antibiotic groups - sulfonamides, streptomycin, penicillin. Resistance of bacteria to chloramphenicol develops slowly.

Acid-resistant microorganisms, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, protozoa and clostridia have sufficient immunity to Levomycetin.

The tablets are well absorbed and absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract. 2-3 hours after ingestion in plasma blood, the maximum concentration of the active substance is reached. During 4-5 hours, the therapeutic concentration is maintained. Bioavailability (digestibility) of the drug reaches 90%.

When consuming Levomitsetina pregnant woman, the active substance penetrates the placental barrier and enters the fetal blood. Also, the antibiotic gets into breast milk.

Almost completely, the substance is excreted through the kidneys during the day. Up to 3% of the metabolites formed are excreted through the intestines.

Cases of drug overdose in the body can occur when using Levomycetin for a long time in large quantities. The so-called cardiovascular syndrome is possible in newborns and premature babies.

It develops due to the fact that critical doses of chloramphenicol accumulate in the body, and the immature liver enzymes of the baby are not able to process it. As a result, chloramphenicol acts directly on the myocardium. Symptoms of cardiovascular syndrome:

  1. anorexia,
  2. vomiting
  3. a sharp decrease in body temperature
  4. gray skin
  5. hypotension,
  6. lack of response to light and movement.

In this case, therapy is prescribed, including cleansing the blood and eliminating the accompanying symptoms. The lethal outcome in the case of pathology reaches 40%.

Indications and contraindications

Child diarrhea is a problem

The drug is prescribed in the treatment of infectious diseases, the causative agents of which are microorganisms sensitive to chloramphenicol. Indications for use of chloramphenicol:

  • paratyphoid,
  • typhus and typhoid fever,
  • meningitis,
  • whooping cough,
  • chlamydia
  • sepsis,
  • tularemia
  • brucellosis,
  • dysentery,
  • brain abscess,
  • trachoma,
  • pneumonia,
  • gonorrhea,
  • actinomycosis.

Levomycetin is also prescribed for children with diarrhea, as many of the above diseases symptomatically manifest diarrhea. It is important to know the diagnosis exactly, as diarrhea can arise from food poisoning or even due to some psychological factors.

In these cases, the disorder disappears in a few days, and it is treated with completely different drugs. The use of Levomitsetina in this situation can only aggravate the condition of the child, without bringing any benefit.

Contraindications to the use of chloramphenicol are determined by the following factors:

  1. pregnancy and breastfeeding,
  2. kidney and liver failure
  3. individual intolerance to chloramphenicol or other components of the drug,
  4. oppressed blood formation in the bone marrow,
  5. acute intermittent porphyria (genetic disorder of pigment metabolism, accompanied by neurological symptoms),
  6. deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (an enzyme whose lack leads to anemia).

With care, it is necessary to prescribe an antibiotic to young children and newborns (who have not reached 4 weeks).
Levomitsetin has a number of side effects, so its reception should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor in order to prevent developing disorders in time. The antibiotic acts on the digestive system, causing:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dyspepsia,
  • dysbacteriosis,
  • diarrhea,
  • irritation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat.

On the part of the hematopoietic system, there may be a deficiency of leukocytes, granulocytes, reticulocytes and platelets. When affecting the nervous system can develop:

  1. hallucinations,
  2. depressed
  3. distraction of consciousness
  4. neuritis
  5. headaches,
  6. decrease in visual acuity and hearing.

In addition, the development of allergic reactions in the form of a rash and edema, secondary fungal infection and collapse (acute vascular insufficiency) in children under one year of age is possible.

Levomycetin can not be taken simultaneously with a number of other medicines, as it suppresses their therapeutic effect. This group includes:

  • phenoin,
  • phenobarbital,
  • cephalosporin and penicillin antibiotics,
  • erythromycin, lincomycin and clindamycin.

Simultaneous use of the drug with cytotoxic drugs and sulfonamides inhibiting blood formation can cause additional side effects. Oral hypoglycemic drugs increase their effect when interacting with chloramphenicol.

How to apply for diarrhea

Levomycetin - antibacterial agent

An antibiotic is taken orally (by mouth) half an hour before meals. For children, the daily dosage depends on age and body weight.

Children under 3 years old are given 10–15 mg per 1 kg of body weight, from 150 to 200 mg at the age of 3–8 years, and 200–300 mg to older children. A single dose is taken 3-4 times a day. If necessary, the tablet is divided into parts.

Chewing and grinding in other ways the drug is not recommended. A pill or part of it is swallowed whole with a glass of water (200 ml).

When taking Levomycetin, as well as other antibiotics, enzyme preparations are prescribed to support the healthy intestinal microflora (Linex, Bifiform, Bifidumbacterin). These medicines should also be prescribed by a doctor, since each antibiotic acts on the intestinal microflora differently.

Reception of chloramphenicol should be accompanied by periodic monitoring of the pattern of peripheral blood. It is necessary to monitor the concentration of red blood cells, platelets, leukocytes, neutrophils and other blood cells in order to recognize in time the pathological changes caused by the action of an antibiotic.

Levomycetin from diarrhea in childhood should be administered with caution. The antibiotic has a number of side effects, so its reception should be only by prescription and under his supervision.

Diarrhea in a child: what to do and how to treat? Prompts the video:

Stool disorder is a frequent occurrence characterized by the dilution of fecal masses and an increase in defecation. When diarrhea is protracted, and diet or habitual means do not help to cope with the disorder, the patient begins to look for a more effective way to stop the unpleasant process. Acceptance of antibacterial drugs is relevant if the disorder is caused by food intoxication or intestinal infection. One of the list of effective medicines for diarrhea is Levomycetin, which allows to eliminate a symptom in a short time.

Treatment effectiveness

You can get rid of diarrhea if you drink Levomitsetina pill immediately after the second bowel movement. After 1-3 hours, the patient will feel relieved. The frequency of diarrhea will decrease.

Over the next 4-5 hours there is a therapeutic effect of the drug. The maximum concentration of antibiotic occurs in the liver and kidneys.

Therefore, Levomycetin is not prescribed for diarrhea in patients with dysfunction of these organs.

Through the kidneys and liver, the main substance of the drug is excreted within 24 hours. If the patient underwent hemodialysis before such therapy, the process of withdrawal of the active component is slowed down.

Treatment rules

The antibiotic in question has a curative effect on diarrhea if it is triggered by an infection that has appeared after eating poorly washed fruits and vegetables, as well as after drinking poor-quality water.

Modern infectious disease patients are advised to take chloramphenicol with diarrhea with blood or purulent mucus. The drug can be drunk if diarrhea is accompanied by high body temperature and weakness.

If other medicines are ineffective against E. coli, the patient is prescribed Levomycetin.

Since the active ingredient is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, therefore, pathogenic microbes die within a few hours after taking the drug.

Therapy with chloramphenicol should be monitored by a doctor. The dosage is prescribed taking into account the severity of diarrhea and associated symptoms, the patient's age, current pathologies.

For adult patients, the drug is administered orally on 1 tablet in 5-6 hours. Tablets drink 30 minutes before a meal or an hour after it. In the case of mild diarrhea, the dosage is 0.25 grams, and in a severe case, 0.5 grams.

If necessary, the doctor increases the dosage. The maximum daily dosage is 4 grams. With diarrhea, an antibiotic is prescribed for children according to their weight and age.

If the child is more than 3 years old and weighs more than 20 kg, the drug is taken with the calculation of 12.5 mg per 1 kg of weight every 6 hours.

You can drink the antibiotic 25 mg 2 times a day with a break of 12 hours. In severe infectious diarrhea, take 75 mg per 1 kg of weight.

With this therapy, frequent monitoring of the concentration of the main substance in the bloodstream is shown. At the same time, the liver and kidney functions are monitored.

The main requirement in the period of treatment - taking the drug at regular intervals. The total duration of therapy is 7-14 days. If diarrhea disappears quickly, take the pills in a lower dosage.

The medication in question has an antimicrobial effect on the patient's body. Modern doctors advise to adhere to the following rules for taking Levomitsetina tablets:

  • the active ingredient is better perceived if the tablets are drunk before meals. With frequent bowel movements, you need to drink 1 tablet every 4 hours,
  • Regardless of the frequency of bowel movements and symptoms, the highest daily dose of the drug should not exceed 4 mg. The frequency of admission - 3-4 times a day,
  • antibiotic therapy with chloramphenicol should be prescribed only by a doctor after examining the patient. On average, the phenomenon under consideration lasts up to 7 days.

Scientists have shown that, against the background of a single dose of this antibiotic, you can quickly eliminate a single manifestation of diarrhea. It also effectively fights the simple form of diarrhea.

If 5 hours after taking one pill, the symptoms of diarrhea have not disappeared, the patient feels bad, you must inform the therapist about it.

Otherwise, reproduction of the inhabiting bacteria of the pathogenic flora will occur.

Severe diarrhea triggered by the underlying disease is treated in the hospital. If E. coli is detected in the patient's body, he is hospitalized in the infectious disease ward.

In this case, therapy is prescribed after the delivery and decoding of standard laboratory tests.

Prior to obtaining the results, the patient is prescribed Levomycetinum and other means that are necessary to eliminate the symptoms.

Levomitsetin is considered one of the best and effective remedies for diarrhea. This advantage over analogs is associated with a wide range of effects.

The drug quickly eliminates infectious and inflammatory diseases. It is carefully prescribed to patients who suffer from renal pathologies.

In this case, Levomitsetin released in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. You can not take this antibiotic alone, since it is characterized by various side effects. The risk group includes pregnant women and children under 3 years of age.

Drug action

This drug is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. The active element - chloramphenicol has a negative effect on pathogens of intestinal infections, with the exception of viral and fungal diseases. A medical drug fights only against pathogenic bacteria, without disturbing the integrity and functionality of normal cells. Effective in such cases:

  • Dysentery.
  • Typhoid fever.
  • Colienteritis
  • Intestinal infections caused by microorganisms.
  • Cholera.
  • Bacterial infections that adversely affect the digestive tract.

Instructions for use for an adult

The course treatment is determined by the physician after a scrupulous examination of the patient. As a rule, with diarrhea in adults it ranges from 1 to 2 weeks. Tablets are swallowed without chewing, drinking a sufficient amount of liquid 30 minutes before a meal. If, in addition to an intestinal infection, a person suffers from frequent vomiting, it is advised to take the drug for diarrhea an hour after eating. In this case, the dosage is determined depending on the age, recommendations and symptoms.

According to the instructions, an adult is recommended to take:

  • 1 tablet (500 mg) for 30 minutes. before meals every 4 to 6 hours (daily dose - a maximum of 4).
  • With non-infectious diarrhea, one-time use is allowed.

Feeling sick becomes better, as a rule, the next day after taking the medicine. However, this does not mean that treatment can be stopped. For full recovery, you must complete a full course of antibiotic therapy.

Instructions for children

It is necessary to give medicine to tiny patients with care and after obligatory consultation of the pediatrician.

  • Daily dosage for babies up to three years is a maximum of 10-15 mg per 1 kg of weight.
  • From 3 to 8 - dosage of 50-200 mg per 24 hours.
  • With 8 years - 300 mg per day.

The drug has a bitter taste, so not every child will want to take it. In this case, it is recommended to use Levomycetin Actititab - a tasteless product with similar qualities.

Levomitsetinovaya therapy is sometimes accompanied by a number of adverse events in children:

  • Vomiting and rare stools.
  • Reduce pressure and temperature.
  • Exhaustion and dysbiosis.

When the treatment does not bring a positive result, the baby should be urgently placed in a hospital, where an infectious diseases doctor will monitor him.

Side effects

Taking the drug may be accompanied by the following negative effects:

  • Leukopenia and platelet reduction.
  • Aplastic anemia - anemia.
  • Dermatological rash, urticaria, and skin edema.
  • Flatulence, nausea, heartburn, pain in the abdomen, and sometimes increased diarrhea.
  • Pathology of the central nervous system functionality: depression and drowsiness, increased emotionality and fatigue, despondency, and more frequent shift in mood.
  • Temporary hearing loss, vision complication.
  • Convulsions, nausea, vomiting, auditory and visual hallucinations (if the drug is used in conjunction with alcohol).
  • Development of gastrointestinal disorders.

Price and analogues

The price of the drug Levomitsetin over the past 5-6 years has increased about 4-5 times. This phenomenon is due to increased demand. Today, its cost in state pharmacies is about 18-25 rubles.

As you can see, this pricing policy is distinguished by its democracy and availability, which is not the case with private pharmaceutical centers. There the drug can be purchased relatively more expensive.

At the same time, to replace infectious diarrhea, substitutes are prescribed, which are full analogues of the drug:

Danger of overdose with diarrhea Levomycetin

One of the most common problems when using this medication. In pursuit of a positive effect, it is possible to hear that the patient or the patient saw the medicine more often, or in larger quantities than recommended by the instructions. With diarrhea, chloramphenicol has its clearly limited rate, which can only change the attending physician.

  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting
  • General weakness
  • Cardiopalmus,
  • Impaired breathing
  • Blue skin.

This is not the whole range of possible complications, so before taking Levomycetin in the diarrhea, you should consult with your doctor.

Levomitsetina application

It is possible to use chloramphenicol for diarrhea only by prescription. In the opposite case, these pills for diarrhea will only aggravate the situation and cause additional harm to the patient. Instructions for use should be known to people who are planning to use this drug.

On average, the entire course takes 1-2 weeks. Improving well-being comes the day after a person begins to drink Levomycetin. However, full recovery means not only getting rid of symptoms such as diarrhea, but also eliminating the underlying root cause of the ailment.

Most often, the amount of money taken per day does not exceed 2 g. For an adult, the interval between doses is 6-8 hours (3-4 doses per day). In severe cases, the dose is doubled (up to 4 g).

It is necessary to apply for half an hour before the use of food, or in an hour-one and a half after, to swallow a tablet entirely. If you take the medicine on an empty stomach, nausea, abdominal pain is possible.

In the box with the drug instructions for use is always included, you can read the full composition, the entire list of contraindications and likely complications. In addition, you need to comply with a number of preventive procedures. Any human body is individual, and each can have a different reaction to taking strong antibacterial drugs. When prescribing chloramphenicol for diarrhea, the doctor will give appropriate recommendations for a more comfortable course of treatment. However, there are a number of tips that have often helped with diarrhea in adult patients:

  • Do not take this medicine under any circumstances if you know that loose stools are caused by everyday things (spoiled food, alcohol, etc.). This medicine is a very strong antibiotic,
  • Also, it is not necessary to engage in other methods of self-treatment, parallel therapy can be carried out only with the permission of the attending physician.
  • Using Levomitsetin for diarrhea to drink a course of additional preventive medications, they will help maintain the microflora in order.

Every patient wants to use the drug with excellent reviews, high efficiency and reasonable price. From diarrhea Levomycetin is just such a drug, but it has its own tough features, and it is not recommended to use it without consulting a doctor. A visit to the doctor will take much less time than the treatment of possible complications if the patient takes an inappropriate medicine or breaks the dosage. Sometimes a condition like diarrhea can be a symptom of a serious illness.

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