Digestion

Barrett's esophagus

Barrett's esophagus is a disease in which atypical cylindrical ones form on the site of normal squamous epithelial epithelial cells. This happens due to the prolonged effect of the aggressive contents of the stomach on the mucous membrane of the esophagus with existing gastroesophageal reflux disease.

How is the danger of pathology manifested and what

The syndrome can be identified by the following symptoms:

  • sour burp
  • persistent sensation of sourness in the oral cavity,
  • heartburn,
  • unpleasant sensations behind the sternum, such as burning and pain,
  • difficulty swallowing liquids and solid foods.

If the disease cannot be cured in time, then the patient is highly likely to develop oncology and a hiatal hernia. For this reason, the patient with the appearance of the above symptoms should consult a specialist as soon as possible.

Is it necessary to somehow change the nutrition

A diet for Barrett's esophagus is necessary. Yes, it does not help get rid of the disease. If the patient will consume some foods and refuse others, atypical cells will not change to normal. However, there is still a benefit from following the doctor's recommendations in terms of nutrition. Which one?

First of all, due to compliance with the diet, the manifestation of pathological symptoms, for example, esophagitis, is reduced.

Secondly, the risk of complications is reduced.

Thirdly, the disease itself develops more slowly, since the aggressive effect on the epithelial cells of the esophagus is reduced.

Fourth, medications are better absorbed in the body due to the weakening of the load on the digestive tract.

It is for these reasons that patients should listen to the advice of a doctor and, if possible, try to comply with all his prescriptions regarding dietary nutrition. So, the patient will be able to live normally even in the presence of this disease and not be afraid that his health will soon deteriorate significantly.

What you should know about diet

Refusing one food and forcing yourself to eat another is only a small part of what you need to know about the diet offered by doctors with Barrett's esophagus. It also includes a number of rules, if not followed, all attempts to improve well-being will be futile. They are as follows:

  • you need to eat often, but in small portions. At least 5 meals a day should be
  • You can’t eat at night. The last time you can eat no later than 2 hours before going to sleep,
  • smoking and drinking is strictly prohibited,
  • it is recommended to eat boiled, stewed or steamed dishes,
  • until the treatment of the disease is over, it is forbidden to introduce new and even more exotic products,
  • smoked, fried, spicy foods should be excluded from the diet,
  • adding seasonings and spices to soups, sauces and other dishes is prohibited,
  • fruits and vegetables must also be heat-treated,
  • Do not rush to eat a quick product. You need to eat slowly, chewing everything carefully,
  • nutrition should occur at the same time. Drink food should be either water, or weak tea, or milk, or non-acidic compote,
  • it is not recommended to do any exercise after eating,
  • it is undesirable to wear things that tighten the stomach.

Three main principles when creating a menu

  1. It is necessary to eat foods that envelop the wall of the esophagus, quickly pass through the stomach, and also do not create a burden on the digestive organs.
  2. It is necessary to add dishes containing a significant amount of vitamins and minerals to the diet.
  3. You should abandon the products that increase the production of acidity of the gastric juice, aggressively affect the epithelial cells of the esophagus, and also increase the frequency of reflux.

What can I eat

With Barrett's esophagus, the patient's nutrition should include:

  • semi-viscous porridge cooked on water,
  • soups made with milk or vegetable broth, as well as mashed soups,
  • chicken, veal, rabbit or beef in moderation,
  • eggs
  • kefir, if the patient does not suffer heartburn,
  • dried bread made from wheat flour and biscuit cookies,
  • pastille and marmalade,
  • steamed river fish, cooked, baked or stewed,
  • fish fat,
  • beetroot, potatoes and carrots, but only in boiled form,
  • butter or vegetable oil,
  • if there is no intolerance, then cottage cheese and milk.

Attention! If you really want, you can use any prohibited product within a week 1-2 times, but only in small quantities.

What should be discarded

What you can not eat with Barrett's syndrome:

  • soda, coffee and strong tea,
  • sunflower oil,
  • fatty fish,
  • flour products, sweets,
  • sausage
  • fresh cabbage, sorrel, and other acidic vegetables,
  • lamb, pork, ducklings,
  • high fat dairy products,
  • citrus,
  • pasta, millet and pearl barley,
  • tomatoes and radishes,
  • bean
  • canned vegetables and fruits,
  • sugar,
  • mayonnaise and ketchup,
  • margarine, sour cream, cheese.

It is also forbidden to take medications that have a relaxing effect on the sphincter of the esophagus. So, it is not recommended to use nitrates, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormones, and antidepressants.

Weekly ration example

The menu with Barrett's esophagus, despite the large number of restrictions on food, can be no worse than in the absence of the disease. Below are recipes for some of the allowed foods.

  1. For breakfast, the patient can eat semi-viscous porridge from buckwheat or rice, steam omelette or steamed meat patties.
  2. During the second breakfast, it is allowed to use milk or fruit jelly together with biscuit cookies or crackers.
  3. For lunch, you can cook rice or barley soup. Before use, it will be necessary to grind. You can also eat meatballs or soufflé from turkey or chicken, steamed. At the end, you can drink a sweet compote.
  4. In the afternoon, you can eat a hard-boiled egg or soft-boiled egg, a steam casserole, and drink weak tea.
  5. At dinner, it is allowed to eat boiled low-fat river fish, mashed potatoes, cooked, and then grated vegetables.

The syndrome responds well to treatment. You can get rid of it both medically and surgically. Following a diet with Barrett's esophagus will allow you to achieve results much faster.

Varieties

Since such a disease is characterized by the presence of dysplasia, i.e., the replacement of cells of the esophageal mucosa with intestinal ones, in gastroenterology there is a classification of the disease by the degree of its spread. Thus, pathology takes several forms:

  • moderate - examination reveals minor lesions of the cells of the shell of this organ,
  • heavy - characterized by a high risk of Barrett's esophagus.

Depending on the lesion of a particular esophagus, several types of the disease are distinguished:

  • cardiac gastric - there is a replacement of the cells of the esophagus with the cells of the region of entry into the stomach,
  • fundal gastric - metaplasia of the cells of the bottom of the stomach,
  • intestinal - replacement of cells of the esophagus mucosa with intestinal cells. This type of disease has the greatest likelihood of transformation into oncology.

The difficulty in detecting Barrett's syndrome is that its clinical manifestations are much like GERD, and a final diagnosis can only be made after a biopsy. In some patients, the disease proceeds without the expression of any signs. The main symptoms of Barrett's esophagus:

  • heartburn and discomfort in the throat. They arise after eating certain foods, in particular smoked meats, alcoholic or carbonated drinks, strong tea or coffee, as well as fatty and spicy dishes. Sore throat worse after a while after eating, as well as in a horizontal position or with the body tilted forward,
  • burning and soreness in the sternum,
  • violation of the swallowing process, first of solid food, later - liquid,
  • belching with an unpleasant sour smell.

Additional signs of the disease may include:

  • bouts of nausea and vomiting,
  • blood impurities in feces and vomit,
  • hoarseness of voice
  • chronic cough, against which a sore throat appears,
  • dyspnea,
  • the appearance of whistling during breathing,
  • an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth,
  • pain with localization in the abdomen, often occurs after eating,
  • tooth damage and thinning of enamel.

Such symptoms of Barrett's esophagus are characteristic of both an adult and a child.

Since such a disease is a precancerous condition, the formation of complications is possible with ignoring the symptoms and untimely treatment. The only consequence of this pathology is the formation of adenocarcinoma. This is a rapidly progressive and aggressive oncological tumor of the esophagus.

Diagnostics

A gastroenterologist performs the diagnosis and treatment of such a disease. Due to the fact that Barrett's syndrome does not have a specific clinical picture, it is possible to determine the disease only with the help of instrumental and laboratory examinations. Before their appointment, the specialist needs to familiarize themselves with the medical history and medical history of not only the patient, but also his immediate family. Then conduct a thorough examination with a mandatory palpation of the abdomen. This will help determine the causes of the formation of the disease, as well as to determine the presence and degree of intensity of symptoms.

Laboratory studies include:

  • performing a general and biochemical analysis of blood - to search for signs of impaired functioning of certain internal organs, as well as changes in blood composition,
  • general urine analysis,
  • microscopic studies of feces - in cases of suspicion of a doctor for the presence of internal hemorrhage of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • tests for the production and determination of acidity of gastric juice.

Instrumental diagnostic methods include:

  • EGDS - a procedure for examining and assessing the state of the gastrointestinal mucosa using special endoscopic instruments. It involves a biopsy - the collection of a small particle of the mucous membrane of the affected organ for subsequent histological studies,
  • contrast radiography - during which the patency of the esophagus is assessed,
  • determination of acidity of gastric juice,
  • manometry - an assessment of the motor ability of the esophagus and the condition of its sphincters,
  • breath tests - for the presence of the Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the body,
  • Ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.

After studying all the results of the examinations and establishing the final diagnosis of Barrett’s esophagus, the specialist develops individual therapy tactics for each patient.

To eliminate such a disease, non-drug treatment, conservative therapy and surgical intervention are used. The first method of treatment is to comply with several rules:

  • the need to sleep on a high pillow so that the head and shoulders are several degrees higher than the lower body,
  • when wearing clothes do not tighten the belt on the belt,
  • the complete elimination of overeating, especially before bedtime,
  • Performing walks lasting approximately one hour after each meal,
  • eat properly and balanced, the diet menu needs to be enriched with vitamins and minerals,
  • follow a diet with Barrett's esophagus - indicated for people with excess body weight,
  • completely abandon bad habits,
  • take medications only as prescribed by the doctor, with strict adherence to the dosage.

Drug treatment of Barrett's esophagus is aimed at eliminating the symptoms and restoring the normal functioning of the affected organ. For this, patients are prescribed:

  • antacids - to reduce acidity,
  • lifelong intake of IPP - to reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid,
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Surgical operations are performed in several ways:

  • destruction of pathological cells by exposure to laser radiation,
  • the use of special photosensitive substances that are introduced into the patient's body. Active components will accumulate in places of metaplasia and dysplasia,
  • radiofrequency ablation - a technique for removing abnormal cells using special waves and high temperatures,
  • plastic surgery of the lower sphincter of the esophagus to prevent reflux,
  • excision of the affected part of the esophagus.

Indications for medical intervention are strictures and ulcers of the esophagus, extensive metaplasia and the presence of hemorrhages from the esophagus. For adjunctive therapy, Barrett's esophagus is treated with folk remedies, but only after prior consultation with the attending physician.

Prevention

There are no specific preventive measures for such a disease. People only need to follow the above recommendations for non-drug treatment, eat properly and balanced. GERD removal should also be done in a timely manner. In addition, you need to undergo preventive examinations by a gastroenterologist and perform endoscopy several times a year.

In cases of diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus, the prognosis is unfavorable, since such a disorder is a precancerous condition. This is due to the fact that the disease can be asymptomatic and diagnosed in the later stages.

Conclusion

It will not be difficult for a patient to make a diet for a week, various recipes will help. He should last eat at least 5 hours before bedtime, best of all dividing the daily food intake into several small meals.

Also, one should not forget about clean water, it reduces the acidity of the digestive system.

Is Barrett's esophagus treated, and can the oncological process be prevented?

Can Barrett's esophagus be cured? This is the question that worries every patient faced with this diagnosis. Many experts argue that the disease can be treated medically highly successful. But it is important to note that this process is very lengthy, and the drugs prescribed by the doctor in some cases have to be taken for years. In order to reduce the risk of developing the cancer process, you should remember about important recommendations:

  1. Complete cessation of smoking and drinking alcohol.
  2. Overweight people need to lose weight.
  3. Compliance with a special diet.
  4. Continuous medical supervision.
  5. Strengthening the immune system.
  6. Continuous use of drugs.
  7. Physiotherapeutic methods.

Inhibitors of the proton pump are prescribed as the main means for therapy, the dose for each patient is selected individually. The action of all drugs should be aimed at reducing the acidity of the stomach and improving the functioning of the lower sphincter of the tubular organ.

After 3 months from the start of treatment, a second endoscopic examination is performed. If a positive effect is not observed, the treatment is repeated. It should be remembered that the course of such therapy should not exceed 12 months.With a successful outcome of treatment, the patient is recommended to undergo examination at least once a year. If the symptoms of the disease continue to manifest, you should immediately consult a specialist. You can live with this pathology for a sufficiently long life, because the disease itself cannot cause death.

If such therapy is not enough, the specialist must determine the appropriateness of the surgical intervention. The main goal of the operation is to reduce or completely eliminate the throwing of undigested food from the stomach into the esophagus. The technique of the operation is selected individually. Among the direct indications for surgery are:

  • difficulty diagnosing
  • the need for continuous endoscopic examination,
  • indefinite morphology of pathological changes,
  • increased risk of developing organ cancer.

Some patients neglect the treatment of this disease or simply postpone the visit to the doctor, motivating that the frightening symptoms will disappear themselves, and there is no need for an examination. Despite the fact that the disease itself is not dangerous, it can cause the following complications:

  • internal bleeding
  • stenosis,
  • esophageal carcinoma.

Stenosis and internal bleeding can be eliminated with the help of conservative therapy, but it is almost impossible to cure esophageal cancer. It is this complication that should be feared, because cancer takes the lives of many people.

There are no pronounced symptoms on the basis of which a diagnosis can be made. Manifestations of Barrett's esophagus are similar to symptoms of gastroesophaginal reflux disease. At the initial stage of the development of pathology, the only symptom arises - heartburn, which becomes stronger with any errors in nutrition. As the pathology progresses, pain behind the chest can occur, which is given to the neck and heart.

Among the other symptoms that appear with Barrett's esophagus, there are:

  • sour taste in the oral cavity,
  • difficulty swallowing food,
  • shortness of breath
  • voice changes
  • gagging
  • impurities of blood in the feces (a signal of internal bleeding).

It is very difficult to diagnose the presence of the disease due to the absence of characteristic manifestations. Complications often arise due to the fact that the patient did not consult a doctor on time.

Recommended Nutrition

Dieting in this situation is not the main point of treatment, because proper nutrition will not help the changed epithelial cells recover. A proper diet implies the exclusion of products harmful to the tubular organ from the patient’s menu. Such an event helps to significantly reduce the risk of complications.

With Barrett's esophagus, the patient is recommended to use dishes prepared from such products:

  • vegetables (boiled potatoes, beets, carrots),
  • lean meat, fish,
  • boiled eggs
  • cereals cooked in water
  • vegetable oil
  • low-fat dairy products,
  • dried white bread.

With this disease, you should completely abandon the use of acidic, spicy and fried foods. Nutritionists also recommend that foods that increase gas production be excluded from the diet. You should eat in small portions, but often you should monitor the temperature of the served dish.

Doctors do not distinguish Barrett's esophagus as an independent pathology, but classify it as a symptom that occurs against the background of some gastrointestinal diseases. The main danger of such a pathology as Barrett's esophagus is the degeneration of damaged mucous membranes into a malignant formation. The outcome of the disease directly depends on the severity of its course. If the affected area is of significant size and the pathology is progressing, a fatal outcome is possible.

Causes of Barrett's Esophagus

The main causes of Barrett's esophagus are:

  • gastrointestinal diseases that occur after operations on the stomach,
  • stomach or duodenal ulcer,
  • hereditary predisposition
  • errors in nutrition (abuse of spicy and fried foods), overeating,
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease),
  • many years of work, during which a person often has to bend over,
  • abdominal obesity,
  • bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse),
  • double reflux (GERD + DGR).

Symptoms of Barrett's esophagus

When the contents of the stomach are thrown into the esophagus, irritation of its wall occurs, which subsequently leads to the formation of ulcers in the lower third of the esophagus and the development of reflux esophagitis. Thus, the symptoms of Barrett's esophagus are similar to those of GERD.

At the initial stage of the disease, the only clinical symptom is heartburn, which is manifested by a burning sensation in the epigastric region and behind the sternum. With nutritional errors (abuse of fatty, fried and spicy foods, as well as coffee and carbonated drinks), heartburn increases.

In addition to violations of the digestive tract with Barrett's esophagus, respiratory disorders (apnea, bronchospasm) are quite often observed. Such symptoms most often occur at night, when the patient takes a horizontal position.

Additional symptoms with Barrett's esophagus may include:

  • the appearance of a sour taste in the mouth,
  • pain when swallowing
  • dyspnea,
  • vomiting
  • hoarse voice,
  • blood in the stool and vomiting.

Barrett's Esophagus Treatment

Can Barrett's esophagus be cured? There is no specific treatment for this pathology. Barrett's esophagus therapy is aimed at eliminating esophageal reflux. For this, patients are prescribed drugs that reduce the acidity of gastric juice, improve the functioning of the esophageal lower sphincter, and improve the promotion of food.

In addition to drug treatment, the patient is recommended to change his lifestyle, start eating right. If it is impossible to solve the problem only by conservative treatment, surgical correction is performed.

Conservative treatment

The goal of drug treatment of Barrett's esophagus is to reduce acid formation in the stomach and eliminate the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. For these purposes, drugs such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole are used.

Additionally, in order to repay bile acids, Maalox, Fosfalugel, Almagel and several other drugs are prescribed.

To stop pain behind the sternum and eliminate heartburn, the use of prokinetics (Metoclopramide, Domperidone) is indicated.

To eliminate bloating, as well as severity in the epigastric region, enzyme preparations are prescribed (Creon, Pancreatin).

It should be remembered that the disappearance of symptoms does not always indicate complete recovery, so treatment should be continued until the attending physician cancels it. Self-medication is unacceptable!

Indications for the operation

The main indications for surgical intervention with Barrett's esophagus are:

  • the need for frequent endoscopic monitoring,
  • difficulty in early diagnosis of the disease using histological, endoscopic and radiological methods of research,
  • the patient is highly likely to develop esophageal cancer,
  • unclear morphology of pathological changes in the mucosa.

Surgical methods

Nowadays, minimally invasive methods of treating Barrett's esophagus have become widespread, allowing to reduce postoperative mortality and avoid complications.

During the operation, the affected part of the esophagus mucosa is removed using a laser. Subsequently, mucosal restoration occurs at this site.

The disadvantage of all minimally invasive methods of treatment is that their use is possible only when a small part of the mucous membrane of the esophagus is affected. Therefore, the most reliable surgical method for treating Barrett's esophagus is the removal of the affected area of ​​the mucosa with subsequent histological verification.

Barrett's Esophageal Diet

Unlike other gastrointestinal diseases, adherence to a diet with Barrett's esophagus is not the main point of therapy, since a change in nutrition will not help degenerated epithelial cells become normal again.

Nevertheless, proper nutrition, with the exception of products harmful to the esophagus, helps to reduce the risk of disease progression and helps to avoid the development of a number of complications.

Barrett's Esophagus Menu

With Barrett's esophagus, the following dishes and products are allowed for use:

  • carrots, beets, boiled potatoes,
  • a fish,
  • boiled eggs
  • lean meats
  • oat, semolina, buckwheat, rice porridge on the water,
  • vegetable oil,
  • cottage cheese, yogurt, butter,
  • well-cooked and mashed vegetables,
  • marmalade, pastille, crackers, slightly dried wheat bread.

What not to eat?

With Barrett's esophagus, acidic, fried and spicy foods, alcohol, coffee, carbonated drinks should be completely excluded from the diet. It is necessary to abandon cakes, citrus fruits, margarine, milk, tea, goose and duck meat, hot spices and seasonings.

The diet prohibits the use of legumes, as well as all fruits and vegetables that contribute to gas formation. With Barrett's esophagus, overeating is not allowed, all food should be served only in a warm form.

The prognosis of the esophagus Baretta

Doctors often consider Barrett’s esophagus not an independent pathology, but a symptom of a number of diseases of the esophagus and stomach (primarily GERD). The main danger with Barrett's esophagus is the high probability of degeneration of the damaged mucosa into a malignant tumor.

The prognosis in this case depends on the severity of the disease. If pain and heartburn are relieved with antacids and a diet, and changes in the mucous membrane of the esophagus are insignificant, then the prognosis is favorable (which does not cancel the annual follow-up examination).

What is a disease?

The disease develops over five years, accompanied by burning pains behind the sternum. Prolonged, exhausting heartburn in this case leads (but not always) to intestinal metaplasia, when the epithelium habitual to the stomach is replaced by intestinal. Such a diagnosis indicates a serious condition, so the question is urgent: if Barrett's esophagus is diagnosed, can it be cured? - Experts say that with methodical observation and comprehensive treatment, the disease can be preserved at the detection stage.

Treatment involves medication, hardware, the use of traditional medicine. On the fundamental path to recovery, a diet with the esophagus Barrett is the most significant nuance. Scrupulous adherence to restrictions and recommendations on food intake, its quality and quantity, the specifics of cooking, a systematic examination by a gastroenterologist with the help of newly introduced technologies will slow down the development of Barrett's esophagus, stop the symptoms of transformation into a malignant tumor and treatment with radiofrequency ablation or resection of the esophagus, maybe not needed.

Barrett's Esophagus Rules

The main thing you should know: even with this difficult disease you can live. At the first painful manifestations of heartburn, pain, which are deployed in the gastrointestinal tract, you should consult a doctor and determine the diet and treatment regimen with it. The examination will identify the cause of the disease, help draw up a comprehensive program to eliminate Barrett's esophagus. Better to become dependent on compliance with the rules than to suffer and bring yourself to irreversible changes.

The second step is to establish the necessary nutrition to cure Barrett's esophagus. The list of products that are undesirable in this disease is quite extensive. You should write down a list of everything that you can’t eat, make a menu for a week or two.

The principles of lifestyle with this diagnosis are as follows:

  • fractional nutrition (five to six meals in small portions),
  • quitting smoking, alcohol,
  • healthy sleep,
  • body weight correction
  • sport exercises,
  • breathing exercises.

Balance of useful and necessary

The routine of breakfast, lunch, dinner regulates the patient's life and disciplines him. With Barrett's esophagus, the diet involves radically changing the way of life, getting used to it and never breaking it. It may seem difficult to implement, but all the difficulties will justify the cure.

Actually, the choice of products in itself does not affect the disease, but it will greatly ease the burden on the esophagus and protect it from complications. It is recommended to change the technology of cooking: nothing fried, smoked, canned, salty, spicy, pepper. Between meals, you should observe two-hour intervals, the last meal - two to three hours before bedtime. Exercise, leaning forward, lifting weights immediately after eating are undesirable, as are loose clothing that pulls the esophagus so as not to cause metaplasia. Sleep only on a high pillow to prevent acid from entering the esophagus.

What products to forget about, what to remember

Starting to be treated with a diet with Barrett's esophagus, you should forget about:

  • fatty pork, beef, sausages, sausages, fish, margarine, thick sour cream, mayonnaise, ketchup,
  • canned vegetables, pickles, seasonings, tomatoes, sauerkraut, garlic, onions, radishes, sorrel, mushrooms,
  • sour berries, lemon,
  • millet, corn grits, egg, barley, pasta (except for vermicelli, noodles),
  • cakes, chocolate, fresh bread.

These products can irritate the delicate mucous membrane of the esophagus, as a result of which the level of acidity increases, an abundant amount of gastric juice is produced, severe heartburn, nausea, and cough appear.

The recommended list of products consists of a set of ingredients that do not cause an irritating reaction, such food does not stagnate in the stomach, does not cause uncomfortable sensations.

The menu includes:

  • soups - milk, vegetable mashed, low-fat cottage cheese, milk, yogurt,
  • boiled chicken, veal, baked eggs, soft-boiled eggs,
  • fish from the river
  • potatoes, beets, boiled carrots, baked, steamed, sweet fruits, berries,
  • vegetable, butter.

Barrett's Esophagus: Medication

Only strictly observing the rules is there a high probability of obtaining positive results. When transforming into a cancerous tumor, the disease goes through several stages: metaplasia, dysplasia, adenocarcinoma. And only surgical intervention with the advanced option - removal of the esophagus - can stop it.

Drug treatment of the disease is similar to the procedures for GERD. However, there are known cases of Barrett's esophagus in patients without gastroesophageal reflux. The meaning of therapy is to slow down chemical reactions during acid formation and stop the destruction of the mucosa when throwing the contents of the stomach into the esophagus.

These processes are affected by antacid preparations, which are designed to reduce the acidity of the stomach so as not to cause irritation of the mucosa. The production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach decreases after taking proton pump inhibitors. By these means, the patient maintains a low level of hydrochloric acid throughout his life. The course of treatment also includes cyclooxygenase-2, an anti-inflammatory drug, does not have a negative effect on the mucosa. With stagnant food in the stomach, a combination of proton pump inhibitors with ursodeoxycholic acid preparations helps its progress.

Hardware treatment

Endoscopic examinations of the patient are carried out, if medications do not help, once or twice a year. With their help, the mucous membrane is examined, the content of hydrochloric acid, the obtained data directs the doctor to take decisions on further treatment, to monitor the course of the disease, in order to determine in time in a critical case the need for more radical ways to combat the disease.

The prescribed laser therapy destroys the diseased part of the epithelium by cauterizing atypical cells, and the introduced photodynamic substances, accumulating around the tumor, irradiate it with light. And the last stage of the fight against a disease of the esophagus is a resection of its third, if all the means used have been powerless.

Doctors are hoping for a new treatment for this disease - ablation. However, it is very controversial and not all doctors are inclined towards its final use in esophageal therapy. A catheter inserted into the esophagus creates an electromagnetic field, and thermal energy anneals the replaced tissue.

Treatment with folk remedies

It must be clearly understood that Barrett's esophagus, which is a chronic disease, cannot be cured by popular tinctures. However, relief is possible. Plants such as chamomile, turmeric, sage, calendula relieve the inflammatory process, soothe a damaged organ.

Dissolved honey, tincture of ginseng, valerian and lemon balm, Kalanchoe, aloe, flax seed and potato broth - traditional healers have been using the sedative and anti-inflammatory properties of these funds. True, this is local help, cardinal relief is possible only when contacting a specialist.

In only 10% of cases, Barrett's esophagus develops into a malignant disease that affects not only adults but also children. In order not to get into this list, the patient is required to turn to specialists in time, not to endure heartburn, pain for years. Discipline and careful attention to your health will ensure the effectiveness of any treatment. A change in the psychological and ideological orientation towards a healthy lifestyle is gradually changing traditional approaches to nutrition, products, appearance, and employment.