The consequences of hemorrhoids - what is it dangerous if not treated

The presence of hemorrhoidal disease affects not only the quality of life, but also is a serious predisposing factor for the development of other serious diseases. What is the danger of hemorrhoids for the patient, what consequences can this disease lead to? To fully understand these issues, you should know what constitutes a disease.

What is hemorrhoids

The term "hemorrhoids" refers to varicose veins in the anus, due to which hemorrhoidal nodes increase in size. The disease, as a rule, is manifested by periodic inflammation, blood secretion from the anus, possibly pain.

The rectum is penetrated by a network of venous arteries. The external and internal plexuses are distinguished, they are tortuous and full-blooded, but the blood flows through them quite slowly. Due to these anatomical features, good conditions are created for the expansion of some of their sites and the formation of hemorrhoidal nodes. Certain predisposing factors, such as constipation, weight lifting, sedentary work, etc., also contribute to this.

Hemorrhoids are external, internal or combined.

  • Internal hemorrhoids. With this disease, the nodes are located under the mucosa of the rectum, above the dentate line. Often it occurs with minimal symptoms, is not accompanied by pain. Because of this, the disease can go unnoticed for a long time.
  • External hemorrhoids. This type of ailment is characterized by the location of nodes under the skin, below the rectal-anal line. It can be detected by visual inspection of the corresponding area.
  • Combined hemorrhoids. This is a combination of the first two types of disease.

There are 4 stages of hemorrhoidal disease:

  1. The nodes protrude into the lumen of the intestine, with a bowel movement, a small amount of blood is observed in the feces.
  2. During defecation, nodes periodically fall out, but at the same time they are self-correcting. At this stage, the disease is accompanied by discomfort, itching, spotting, mild pain, intermittent,
  3. The loss of nodes occurs even with small physical exertion, while they have to be adjusted by hand, there is external hemorrhoids. The pain can become more pronounced, especially during bowel movements, there is a burning sensation, itching, blood discharge.
  4. Drop nodes can no longer be fixed. This stage is almost accompanied by bleeding, often severe pain.

What is the main danger of the disease

According to statistics, in women, the effects of hemorrhoids are less common than in men, although the latter are more prone to this ailment. This is due to the fact that the fairer sex is more sensitive to their health, they often visit doctors. This makes it possible to identify the disease in the early stages, when it is much easier to treat.

Usually, the patient is concerned with the question, is hemorrhoids life threatening? In reality, the danger is not the disease itself, but its complications. How dangerous hemorrhoids can be depends on its stage. Without treatment, the disease will progress; tissue destruction in the rectal region will continue. Fecal passing through the rectum will increase the risk of injury to the affected areas and their subsequent infection.

  • At the first stage, the disease does not pose a great danger, in this case it lends itself well to conservative treatment.
  • Hemorrhoids of the second stage are accompanied by more pronounced symptoms, however, they also do not pose a serious threat to life. How to treat it should be decided by a specialist, since in this case both conservative therapy and minimally invasive techniques can be used.
  • The third stage is already considered quite a serious pathology. It usually requires surgical treatment. This degree of the disease often leads to various complications, many of which can be quite dangerous.
  • The last fourth stage of the disease is almost always accompanied by complications. Moreover, some of them are much more dangerous than hemorrhoids and can even lead to death.

Unpleasant consequences can result in hemorrhoids during pregnancy. It not only delivers more discomfort, but also can complicate childbirth. In women with hemorrhoidal disease, they last longer and are accompanied by more severe pain.

Self-diagnosis may be dangerous. People far from medicine can take this pathology for other diseases that have symptoms similar to it. These include:

  • anal fissure
  • paraproctitis
  • polyps
  • rectal prolapse,
  • crayfish.

Most common complications

Running hemorrhoids can lead to the following consequences:

  • Thrombosis and thromboembolism. With thrombosis, blood clots form in the lumen of the hemorrhoidal vein. If the thrombus is poorly fixed, it can break and clog the vessels of other important organs, this will certainly affect their work. Thrombosis of hemorrhoidal nodes causes severe pain, can provoke necrosis.
  • Anal fissures. They accompany hemorrhoids almost always. This pathology leads to a slowdown of intestinal motility, excessive stress during bowel movements. Anal fissures are a good medium for the occurrence of infectious lesions.
  • Bleeding. This symptom is inherent in all stages of the disease. However, if at the onset of the disease they do not lead to serious consequences, then with advanced forms accompanied by constant and more abundant secretions of blood, they can provoke iron deficiency anemia.
  • Paraproctitis. This disease is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding the rectum and anus. It is usually accompanied by the formation of an abscess. If paraproctitis does not take the necessary measures in a timely manner, pus will begin to destroy tissues, a fistula may form. When an abscess breaks into the abdominal cavity, peritonitis and a fatal outcome are possible.
  • Fecal incontinence. Hormonal nodes, which are no longer self-adjusting, interfere with the normal closure of the sphincter. As a result, the contents of the intestines can go out.
  • Infringement of the node. Such a complication develops when the nodes fall out of the rectum. What is the danger of hemorrhoids in this case? First of all, stagnation of blood occurs in the nodes, swelling increases and they increase even more in size. This condition is accompanied by rather severe pain. Also, an infringement can lead to a violation of the nutrition of the node and necrosis, in which case its removal is simply necessary.
  • Crayfish. This is one of the most serious consequences of hemorrhoids. The development of tumors contributes to the constant presence of inflammation, against which the cell division process is disrupted.

Timely detection and treatment of hemorrhoidal disease will make it possible to continue to live a full, high-quality life.

Signs of the disease

Hemorrhoids are a vascular disease, which is characterized in that the vessels of the rectum located in the submucosal layer are damaged or clogged. Because of this, blood clots and vascular obstruction appear, leading to swelling and subsequent loss of hemorrhoids from the anus to the outside.

The main sign of the presence of the disease will be bleeding during bowel movements or sudden movements. At first, there may be very little blood, but with the development of the disease, bleeding worsens, becomes more frequent and more plentiful.

What is hemorrhoids dangerous if it is not treated? In the early stages, the disease is mostly internal. However, subsequently, the disease passes into the external stage, which is characterized as follows:

  • hemorrhoidal nodes begin to fall out, and to correct them becomes very painful or not possible without outside help,
  • pain and bleeding intensify, manifesting even at rest.

The danger of hemorrhoids with blood is that persistent bleeding leads to anemia and metabolic disorders in the body. If bleeding does not stop within half an hour, then the patient needs immediate surgery.

What threatens hemorrhoids

The consequences of hemorrhoids in men and women can also be expressed in thrombosis of hemorrhoidal veins. If blood circulation in the vascular system of the rectum is not adjusted in time, then constant thrombosis can lead to necrosis of the tissues of the entire rectum. So, when talking about whether hemorrhoids are life-threatening, you should always remember this.

What is more dangerous hemorrhoids in men and women? Congestive processes in the vascular system are a faithful companion for the development of inflammatory diseases of adjacent tissues. One such ailment is paraproctitis - purulent inflammation of pararectal fiber, which requires necessarily contacting a specialist.

When ignoring inflammatory diseases, purulent processes lead to global inflammation of all organs of the abdominal cavity. Thus, in answering the question of whether hemorrhoids are dangerous in men and women, you should always mention the need to visit a doctor at the first sign of this disease.

But what is the danger of hemorrhoids specifically for men? In addition to the standard consequences in the form of pain, bleeding and inflammation, this ailment can become one of the factors in the development of prostatitis and other diseases of the prostate gland, due to its close proximity to the prostate and the general circulatory system with it.

You can understand that the consequences of hemorrhoids for men can be very deplorable. However, women can also suffer greatly if they do not start treatment of this disease in time, because it subsequently can lead to various inflammatory diseases of the uterus and even make a woman infertile.

The worst thing that complications of hemorrhoids in both men and women can lead to is tissue necrosis, followed by poisoning of the body by decomposition products, and, of course, intestinal cancers.

You should always remember the risk of developing cancer, especially if the question of what will happen if hemorrhoids are triggered is asked by a patient with a similar predisposition. If the disease is not treated, the consequences of hemorrhoids can really lead to a painful death.

It is imperative to receive information about the disease from reliable sources. It’s best to consult a specialist in proctology, so that, for example, there are no strange questions about whether hemorrhoids are contagious or not. Being warned about the real causes of the disease, it will be much easier for a person to prevent it.

It is necessary to avoid the development of constipation and overstrain of the muscles of the rectum. Excessive physical exertion, as well as overeating, can affect the state of the intestine extremely negatively, causing various circulatory disorders.


In conclusion, it is worth recalling once again that hemorrhoids are dangerous, and it never goes away on its own. Armed with knowledge of what will happen if hemorrhoids are not treated in men and women, one should be more sensitive to the appearance of possible symptoms of the disease.

This remark is especially relevant for people who have increased blood coagulation, do not move much, and spend most of the working day in a sitting position. You should always remember what hemorrhoids can lead to, and therefore it will not be superfluous to change your lifestyle in favor of a healthier pastime.

Causes of the disease

The cause of hemorrhoids is a violation of blood circulation in the anus, which leads to:

  • Sedentary lifestyle,
  • Bad habits,
  • Varicose veins
  • Prolonged constipation,
  • Damage to blood vessels in the anus (including complicated delivery).

An additional factor is the presence of hemorrhoids in close relatives, since a hereditary predisposition is not excluded in the mechanism of the development of the disease.

To prescribe adequate treatment, it is necessary to understand whether hemorrhoids really occur in your case, as well as to clarify the type and severity of its course.

Types of hemorrhoids

Localization distinguishes between external and internal hemorrhoids. With the course - acute and chronic.

For external hemorrhoids are characteristic:

  • Discomfort in the anus and along the rectum. The sensations are similar to the feeling of a full intestine or the presence of a foreign body in it,
  • Pain is a very characteristic symptom of hemorrhoids. In the initial period, pain can be unexpressed, increasing with the progression of edema of the hemorrhoid,
  • Burning. Hemorrhoids are usually accompanied by inflammatory changes in the rectal mucosa with copious mucus secretion. Mucus, getting on the inflamed area of ​​the skin, leads to severe irritation, itching and burning in the anus,
  • Bleeding, or bleeding, depending on the amount of blood released. Bleeding becomes especially pronounced during bowel movements, staining the stool in red. This is due to damage to the walls of the site with feces. With minor damage, blood is detected only on toilet paper. In advanced cases, spotting becomes more abundant, up to a jet leak,
  • Hemorrhoidal prolapse occurs with straining during bowel movements. At the initial stage, the fallen node can set itself on its own, but as the disease progresses, a doctor's intervention may be required to normalize the condition.

Diagnosis is somewhat complicated by the presence of internal hemorrhoids, in which the nodes do not go outside with voltage. In this regard, to determine the severity of the disease, additional instrumental studies are necessary.

The most pronounced is acute hemorrhoids, which are characterized by a sudden onset due to pinching of the site by the sphincter or stagnation of blood in the rectum followed by vascular thrombosis of the hemorrhoid.

For acute hemorrhoids are characteristic:

  • A sharp pain that occurs with any movement and walking, becoming unbearable during bowel movements.
  • Change the appearance of the node. Its color changes from reddish to cyanotic, swelling increases, causing overflow of blood vessels and their stretching,
  • Joining an infection is manifested by an increase in body temperature.

As a rule, acute hemorrhoids occur in the form of an exacerbation of the chronic course of the disease. Periods between exacerbations can be completely asymptomatic. Remember if you have had such symptoms before.

Hemorrhoids and pregnancy

According to medical statistics, pregnant women develop hemorrhoids more often than others. Such consequences are caused by a decrease in physical activity and an increase in intra-abdominal pressure during pregnancy.

Childbirth can also cause hemorrhoids, since the rectal veins are filled with blood when a baby is born, which causes stretching of their walls. Thus, pregnant women and women who have given birth constitute a high-risk group. If untreated, subsequent births can aggravate the severity of the disease.

To maintain the health of the mother and her unborn child, it is necessary to begin treatment for hemorrhoids with initial manifestations. A prolonged course of the disease with frequent bleeding can cause anemia and worsen a possible pregnancy outcome.

Treatment methods

Both conservative and surgical methods are used to treat hemorrhoids. In order to prevent the undesirable consequences of hemorrhoids, treatment must be carried out in full until a full recovery is achieved or, as an option, a persistent long-term remission.

Conservative treatment is the use of local ointments, creams and other drugs that prevent the progression of hemorrhoids. The use of local remedies can reduce the severity of symptoms in the form of itching, pain, swelling. Also, the composition of ointments necessarily includes anti-inflammatory drugs that promote the healing of injured areas and reduce bleeding.

If in doubt about whether this method is dangerous for a growing fetus, consult your family doctor. Ointments and suppositories for hemorrhoids are not absorbed into the bloodstream and have almost no contraindications, allowing treatment even during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Another mandatory component of hemorrhoid therapy is the use of venotonics (phlebodia, detralex), which strengthen the vascular wall and improve blood circulation.

With the ineffectiveness of the drug therapy, some minimally invasive methods of treating hemorrhoids are used. Sclerotherapy involves the introduction into the hemorrhoid of a special substance that causes its degradation, after which it dies and ceases to cause discomfort.

Along with sclerotherapy, the method of applying a latex ring to the base of the node is also used. The effect of this method is similar to sclerosis - blood circulation in the node stops, it ceases to receive food and dies.

The lack of effect of the above treatment and the further progression of the disease is an indication for surgical treatment.

After the treatment, it is important to continue to maintain a healthy lifestyle, regularly perform physical exercises, monitor the state of the immune system, eat right and conduct thorough treatment of any emerging infectious diseases.

Subject to all the described preventive measures, a cured hemorrhoids will not be a problem for your health, as well as for bearing and giving birth to another child.

Watch the video: Hemorrhoids: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Options - St. Mark's Hospital (December 2019).