The cause of the inflammatory process is both exogenous factors (infectious: helminths, Giardia, bacterial toxins, viruses, non-infectious: medicinal, toxic mucosal lesions, nutritional errors, smoking, alcohol abuse), and endogenous (metabolic disorders, endocrine diseases) .
Symptoms of follicular bulbit
In general, signs of follicular bulbit development are similar to other similar pathologies of the duodenum. The most important symptom is cramping or aching pain "under the spoon", giving in the back and navel. They appear at night or on an empty stomach. Due to the throwing of gastric secretions into the esophagus, belching of recently eaten food occurs or heartburn begins. There can be bitterness in the mouth, as well as an unpleasant smell. Another symptom is nausea with vomiting.
Possible additional symptoms include dizziness and headache, severe fatigue, frequent constipation or diarrhea, muscle tremors.
Follicular bulbit in children
Follicular bulbit in children usually begins without the onset of symptoms, which makes it harder to identify at an early stage and, as a result, start treatment in time. The reasons are mainly the same factors as in adults, the only difference is that in children the development of the disease occurs much faster.
Often, such a condition develops after the child has gastritis, especially if it has not been cured to the end. Parents should pay attention if the baby begins to complain about the feeling of discomfort under the spoon, and with it muscle weakness and headaches. Often this pathology in children is accompanied by problems with the chair.
To diagnose the disease, the procedure of fibrogastroesophagoduodenoscopy or FEGDS is performed. It is the main method for identifying almost all pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. With its help, it is possible to consider changes in the mucous tissues of the duodenal bulb - hemorrhages, edema, the appearance of areas with altered epithelium, in addition, an enlarged onion is visible.
At the same time, the physical activity of the bulb is determined on fegds: the screen allows to distinguish individual abbreviations. Also, this method allows you to visually assess the presence of ulcerative lesions on the onion sheath.
In addition to fegds requires the passage of fluoroscopy with oral intake of barium. This method of diagnosis is more accurate, since it can be used to trace the locomotor activity of the entire duodenum.
Treatment of follicular bulbit
When treating follicular bulbit the patient requires a strict diet. Food becomes fractional - small portions and an increase in the number of meals up to 6 times per day. The food consumed should not irritate the mucous membrane of the duodenum and stomach, so it is forbidden to eat too hot / cold food. At the initial stage (the first 2 weeks), you can only eat chicken broth, porridge cooked in water, as well as mashed soups. It is forbidden to eat canned food, smoked products, any salty, fried, sweet or spicy foods. Later it is allowed to expand the diet - enter steamed fish and meat into it. The diet also does not allow you to eat fruits and vegetables, which contain coarse fiber.
Since this pathology often develops against the background of helminthic invasions and giardiasis, it is imperative that deworming be carried out. This treatment is quite long, because not only adult worms live in the intestines, but also their eggs, along with the larvae. Completely get rid of them is possible only with prolonged exposure to drugs.
The methods of popular treatment can help qualitatively with this disease.
Because follicular bulbit often develops on the background of helminthic invasions, treatment requires decoctions and tinctures with anthelmintic properties. The ingredients are tansy, wormwood, and clove. Need to take 1 tbsp. any of these herbs, pour it 1 stack. boiling water, then insist for 15-20 minutes. Drink tincture is required three times a day, on an empty stomach. Such drugs are forbidden to give to children, as well as women during pregnancy and lactation.
It is possible to accelerate the regeneration of damaged mucous membranes, which are the hallmark of follicular bulbit, with the help of rosehip jelly, linseed decoction, and oatmeal jelly. They help to loosen the load on the intestines, and also improve the resistance of the whole organism. In particular, such drugs are useful for children.
Herbal tinctures cope with the disease most effectively. One of these is prepared in the following way: you need to take tansy, flowers of wormwood, buckthorn bark, as well as oak and mix them in equal proportions. Next, take 0.5 tsp. of this collection and pour boiling water over it (100 g). Leave the drink infused in a thermos overnight. In the morning you need to strain the medicine and drink before breakfast on an empty stomach. The tincture has a mild laxative effect, due to which it effectively removes parasites from the body.
Disease prevention consists of the following items:
- it is required to exclude from your diet any food that can irritate the stomach, and generally follow a strict dietary regime,
- give up alcoholic beverages and smoking, try to avoid various stresses.
Follicular bulbit provided adequate timely treatment suggests a favorable prognosis. But if you ignore the unpleasant symptoms, the disease can quickly develop into a gastric ulcer.
What is follicular bulbit
Under follicular bulbit understand the inflammation of the duodenum in the initial section of the intestine (the inner membrane of the bulb). The lesion is observed at the junction of both organs.
The process of food digestion consists in the entry of processed food through the dense sphincter into the duodenum with the presence of all the necessary enzymes. If there are violations in the body, then increased acidity leads to inflammation of the mucous membrane.
The inflammatory process in the body has a different course, but with a gradual progression, there is a lesion of the intestine and the appearance of erosions, which cause irreversible changes on the mucous membrane.
Most often the disease is formed due to infection by various parasites. As a result, there is inflammation of the lymphatic vessels, which are located on the inner lining of the mucous layer of the bulb.
How does the disease in the photo
Follicular bulbit presented in the photo below, where there is clearly visible inflammation in the duodenum in an enlarged scale. At the same time, it is necessary to identify the disease in a timely manner, as with the correct treatment, in most cases the prognosis is positive.
The combination of characteristic symptoms indicates the progression of the disease and for any disorders of the digestive system, it is necessary to contact a gastroenterologist and conduct the appropriate series of studies to make an accurate diagnosis.
The overall clinical picture of follicular bulbit has similar signs with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of pathology can be the following manifestations:
- Pain in different parts of the abdomen with varying degrees of growth, which can give in the lower back,
- Belching and heartburn that occurs when the stomach is not working. Undigested food gets back on the mucous membranes of the stomach and causes unpleasant phenomena
- The appearance of bitter taste from the mouth, which is formed due to stagnation of undigested food in the stomach,
- Dyspeptic disorders (constipation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting).
When the autonomic system is disordered, the patient may develop the disease and show additional symptoms:
- Chronic fatigue,
- Permanent fatigue,
- Fainting (rarely encountered)
- Chills or rigor mortis.
This disease often develops in children due to the occurrence of constant stressful situations or unhealthy diet (excessive consumption of fast food, carbonated drinks).
Follicular bulbit in children for a long time asymptomatic, which greatly complicates the diagnosis of pathology. Often the disease is detected after incorrectly treated gastritis, therefore, with such symptoms, the condition of the child requires the supervision of the attending physician and parents.
The appearance of follicular bulbit is affected by a combination of adverse factors that may cause the development of the disease:
- A sharp decline in immunity
- Other pathologies of the digestive tract that affect the development of bulbit,
- Improper nutrition (long-term diet, the use of harmful products),
- The predominance of fatty foods in the diet,
- Alcohol abuse, cigarettes,
- Unbalanced diet (eating food once a day).
Infection with parasites contributes to the development of follicular bulbit and in the presence of a provoking factor, the pathology can quickly develop into an acute form.
Diagnosis of follicular bulbit is based on the standard tests required to establish the exact type of disease:
- Routine examination of the gastroenterologist and clarification of all factors of the disease,
- A blood test (general and biochemistry), which allows you to determine changes in key indicators,
- PH-metry to determine the level of acidity,
- Testing on the respiratory system, which reveals the presence of infection affecting the development of bulbit,
- Ultrasound procedure,
- Radiography to determine the general condition of the abdominal organs.
Based on the research received, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes the appropriate treatment. Proper diagnosis is the basis for rapid rehabilitation of a sick patient.
Whether to take the army with the presence of follicular bulbit
To determine the suitability of a recruit, use category B-3, which indicates that he has minor health problems. Therefore, if follicular bulbit is asymptomatic and non-severe, this state is not an indication for refusal of military service.
Severe course of the disease, which is accompanied by pronounced symptoms that affect the general condition of the patient, and constant exacerbations can cause recognition of the uselessness of a potential recruit. This decision is awarded under paragraph b in Article 59 of the current legislation of the Russian Federation.
Follicular bulbit treatment consists in prescribing drugs of a certain category:
- Medicines affecting the production of hydrochloric acid (Almagel, Renny, Fosfalyugel),
- Drugs that eliminate severe inflammation at the site of injury (Omeprazole, Ranitidine),
- Antiparasitic drugs (Pirantel, Levamisole),
- Antibiotics to eliminate Helicobacter pylori,
- Preparations of sedation, a beneficial effect on the nervous system (motherwort, valerian).
The dosage of drugs depends on the severity of the disease and the age of the patient. All drugs should be taken only as prescribed by the attending physician. This decision is awarded under paragraph b in Article 59 of the current legislation of the Russian Federation.
The list of inexpensive and effective drugs in the treatment of follicular bulbit
With the drug treatment of bulbit, one should be aware of effective impact medications with a relatively inexpensive cost. The most effective drugs are presented in the list below.
- Almagel. Effective remedy of reducing action, used in the treatment of various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The dosage is prescribed individually by the attending physician. Contraindications: newborns up to a month, liver failure, intolerance to the components. The price is 100–120 rubles.
- Rennie. Antacid medication for treating the progressive form of follicular bulbit. The drug is prescribed for other diseases of the digestive tract. Contraindications: abnormal liver function, hyperkalemia, allergic manifestations, fructose intolerance. Price 110-130 rubles.
- Levamisole. The drug anthelmintic action. Tablets are prescribed to eliminate parasites in the body in the treatment of follicular bulbit. Contraindications: intolerance to the main components, children under 14 years of age, liver and kidney dysfunction, non-absorption of glucose, pregnancy and breastfeeding. The price is 50–60 rubles.
- Pyrantel Antiparasitic drug in the form of tablets and suspensions. Scope of treatment and prevention of the presence of parasites in the body. Contraindications: intolerance to Pirantel, a violation of the liver, the age category of babies up to 6 months. Price 20-40 rubles.
- De nol Preparation of anti-ulcer and antibacterial action for the treatment of diseases of the digestive system. The drug is prescribed for follicular bulbit, if the presence of Helicobacter pylori is detected in the stomach. Contraindications: dysfunction of the liver, kidney, pregnancy, breastfeeding, children under 4 years of age, hypersensitivity, to the components of the composition. The price is 400–450 rubles.
- Metronidazole. Effective antibiotic in the treatment of follicular bulbit. Scope of prevention and treatment of diseases of various etiologies. Contraindications: intolerance to the main components, the period of pregnancy, breastfeeding, age category of children. Price 150-180 rubles.
Folk remedies in the treatment of follicular bulbit effective in complex therapy. The chosen method should be compulsorily agreed with your doctor. The list of the most effective means:
- Preparation of propolis tincture in the ratio of 60 grams of product per glass of alcohol. The finished product is diluted with water and taken twice before the onset of noticeable signs of improvement,
- Hypericum tincture, which has pronounced antiseptic and healing properties. 1 tbsp. A spoonful of herbs is brewed in a glass of boiling water, and the finished product is used immediately before a meal. The decoction is not recommended during pregnancy and breastfeeding,
- The combination of herbs astringent (viburnum, bird cherry, wild rose, yarrow, lingonberry, mountain ash) in equal proportions. Before use, consultation with the attending physician is necessary,
- Alkaline mineral water has a positive effect on the general condition of the flow of follicular bulbit. Doctors recommend drinking a glass of drink on an empty stomach daily,
- Tincture with the content of hawthorn, wild rose and rowan in equal proportion. The finished product is taken 100 ml daily, twice a day, before eating.
Compliance with therapeutic diets
A therapeutic diet for follicular bulbit is based on limiting the daily diet and is the main criterion for successful treatment.
The following products should be excluded:
- Fatty and salty dishes,
- Spicy spices
- Coarse Fiber Products
- Strong tea, coffee,
- Canned goods
- Sorrel, cabbage, as they provoke excessive production of gastric juice, which adversely affects the recovery process,
- Medicines that may cause additional irritation of the damaged mucous,
- Compliance with other diets to adjust personal weight,
- Biologically active additives.
With a medical diet, you can eat the following products:
- Steamed cooked products without oil,
- Vegetable soups on lean meat,
- Low-fat fish varieties,
- Fruits vegetables,
- Sweet juices and compotes.
It is best to organize fractional meals up to 5–6 times a day every 2–3 hours, as rare snacks can aggravate the general course of the disease. All cooked food should be minced as much as possible for easier assimilation.
For cooking, you need to use safe cooking methods (steaming, stewing, baking). After 3–6 months, with improved overall health, you can add additional foods to your diet:
- Dairy products (cottage cheese, sour cream),
- Vegetable puree,
- Wheat bread, biscuit,
- Dried fruits compote,
- Freshly squeezed juices,
- Clean, still water,
- Poor tea.
Before you eat, you can drink on an empty stomach 1-2 tbsp. Spoons of vegetable oil (olive, linseed, sunflower).
Reviews of follicular bulbit treatment have different dynamics, since rehabilitation depends on the general course of the disease. Most patients achieve stable recovery while complying with all recommendations of the attending physician.
My follicular bulbit developed on the background of poor nutrition and severe exacerbation of gastritis. After going to the hospital, appropriate treatment and adherence to a therapeutic diet were prescribed. I want to say that only proper nutrition will help eliminate all negative symptoms and, after a period of time, reach a long period without exacerbation.
I, as a qualified gastroenterologist, want to give recommendations on the treatment of follicular bulbit. The disease of this nature develops very slowly without obvious symptoms and immediately turns into an acute form. Distinctive feature is the presence of constipation, and constant discomfort after eating.
If we talk about treatment, then careful diagnosis and determination of the exact type of the disease is necessary, as further recovery of the sick patient depends on it. An important aspect of compliance with therapeutic diets, since proper nutrition is the basis for the elimination of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. My advice in case of suspicious signs is an appeal to a qualified gastroenterologist.
Infection and its role
In a rare, but separate group of brobits can be attributed to those that are provoked by certain infections. For follicular bulbit is characterized by the fact that it is caused by a bacterium called Helicobacterium. It is she who strikes the bulb and begins the inflammatory process, which is accompanied by pain.
It is worth paying attention to the specific reaction to a specific pathogen. Many lymphatic vessels begin to actively respond to the active effect of the infection. The formation of small nodules on the duodenal mucosa begins. During a detailed diagnosis, you can see abundant bulging of a rounded shape on the entire pale mucous. This reaction is quite specific, but it arises in response to the dramatic impact of Giardia and helminths.
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For the occurrence and exacerbation of follicular bulbit infection alone is not enough. The reaction in the form of this disease occurs only because of a low level of immunity, which is directly combined with sharp violations in a stable diet, the ingestion of too fatty and fried foods. The failure of the functioning of the entire intestine and stomach can also affect the well-functioning and normal functioning of the organs.
attention type = green The follicular bulbit is quickly treated if the patient has paid attention to the symptoms and has been diagnosed by a specialist in a timely manner.
The manifestation of the disease does not differ from similar diseases of this type, since they cause the same disturbances and stripes in the disturbed process of constant and continuous digestion:
- The main symptom is pain, which is localized in the epigastric region. The nature of the painful sensations is like contractions, constantly whining. Anxiety may occur during the night, on an empty stomach. Pain can spread to the back and navel.
- Reflux of gastric juice too acidic in the esophagus itself provokes strong and persistent heartburn or belching food.
- Vomiting and severe nausea, which can significantly relieve pain.
- Unpleasant and sharp smell from the mouth and the feeling of bitterness - this is how stagnation of food is expressed.
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Additional symptoms are as follows: severe headache, severe fatigue, discomfort in the muscles, unexpected diarrhea and constipation.
Therapy of manifested follicular bulbit resembles treatment methods that are associated with duodenitis. It is very important to follow a clear regime and proper diet. Strict limitation applies only to the first weeks of active treatment. Already then the diet is allowed to gradually expand, but there is a need for long-term nutrition only with stewed foods or steam. It is strictly forbidden to add smoked or fried food to the diet, as well as copious amounts of coarse fiber.
attention type = green You will never need to take even mild general antibiotics. But still held a mandatory course of modern antiparasitic therapy.
To restore the normal functioning and functioning of the mucous membrane, to remove the pain syndrome, the means that reduce the acidity of the gastric juice too high, envelop and bind it are actively used. A great effect is also provided by various folk methods consisting in the use of infusions on herbs and teas. The physiotherapeutic methods are relevant in the treatment of follicular bulbit.
What it is
A disorder of the digestive system called bulbit is an inflammation of the inner lining of the bulb (bulb), which is located in the initial section of the intestine. The stomach with its lower part is tightly adjacent to the duodenum. The bulb is in its upper part, on the border of these two organs.
Food digested by the stomach through a dense circular muscle (sphincter) is transmitted to the duodenal bulb. In it, bile acid and other components are added to the treated mass, then the food lump is pushed further into the intestine.
If for some reason, certain abnormalities occur in the stomach, undigested food with a high acidic environment gets into the bulb. The inner shell of the bulb, which has an alkaline environment, is exposed to aggressive substances, as a result of which inflammation begins.
The inflammatory process that occurs in the mucous membrane of the bulb, can take different forms and course. A common cause of other bulbits is the spread of the helicobacter in the inner layer of the organ. As a result of its activity on the mucous membrane, erosions and ulcers are formed, leading to organ degeneration.
In the case of follicular bulbit, the effect of this bacterium is absent. The causative agent of the disease are parasitic microorganisms (helminths and Giardia). As a result of infection, the lymphatic vessels inside the mucous layer of the bulb become inflamed.
Follicles appear on them - rounded formations, about 2-3 mm in diameter. They are visible when inspecting the inside of the bulbus. In this case, a diagnosis is made - follicular bulbit and appropriate treatment is prescribed.
Despite the fact that the causative agents of inflammation are parasites, their mere presence in the body does not cause the disease. In order to start the inflammatory process, additional negative conditions are necessary. They may be failures in the work of various body systems or the aggressive influence of external factors.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane can cause:
- reduced immune function in the human body,
- various pathologies of the stomach and intestines, leading to disruption of their activity,
- wrong diet (irregular food intake, prolonged fasting),
- unbalanced nutrition, constant consumption of poor-quality food,
- a large amount of fatty and heavy food entering the stomach at the same time,
- excessive use of alcoholic beverages, frequent smoking.
In the event that the body is infected with parasitic microorganisms, one of the factors is enough to start the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
The symptoms of this disease are similar to many other manifestations of disorders of the digestive tract. This is because in all cases there is a violation of the stomach and intestines.
Symptoms may be the following:
- pain sensations of varying intensity. They may be sharp or aching in nature. Pains are localized, appear in certain places of the abdomen, while they can be given to the area of the back,
- presence of heartburn and belching. This is due to dysfunction of the stomach and intestines. Undigested food is ejected from the bulb back into the stomach, which causes belching,
- there may be a peculiar bitter taste in the mouth. When food stagnates in the upper duodenum, it causes an unpleasant smell,
- bowel problems (constipation, bloating, diarrhea),
- nausea and vomiting, after which comes relief.
Bulb follicular species often occurs on the background of disorders of the vegetative system. The patient may manifest symptoms such as general weakness, overwork, dizziness. There may be weak tremor of the limbs (shaking), their rigor numbness.
Such symptoms often occur in children. Such diseases in a child are often caused by stressful situations occurring at school or at home. Also of great importance is the wrong diet, the abuse of harmful products (fast food, snack foods).
In young children, follicular disease may be almost asymptomatic. This greatly complicates its diagnosis. Quite often, this disorder in a child can appear on the background of recently cured gastritis. Therefore, it is necessary to pay due attention to his state after an illness and to respond in a timely manner to complaints associated with various discomforts (headaches, weakness, dizziness, and heaviness in the stomach).
Features of treatment
For the treatment of symptoms of follicular bulbit complex therapy is required. Timely diagnosis will prevent the development of serious complications.
After the restoration of the functioning of the digestive system, it is necessary to eliminate the risk factors in order to avoid the resumption of the inflammatory process.
For the period of treatment it is recommended to observe bed rest, exclude physical exertion.
The following drug treatments for follicular bulbit are used:
- drugs that reduce the concentration of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice (Gaviscon, Renny, Almagel) are prescribed,
- drugs that neutralize enzymes synthesized by the gastric glands (Ranitidine),
- anthelmintic therapy, results are controlled by analyzes,
- Sedative group (valerian, motherwort tinctures) helps to reduce the effect of stress on the digestive processes.
A crucial role in overcoming the disease is played by the use of diet and traditional medicine recipes.
In the first 2 weeks, table No. 1 is assigned, it is based on boiled dishes or steamed. Restrictions apply to the amount of food, the multiplicity of receptions, consistency. Only ground products that do not irritate the gastric mucosa are allowed.
After 14 days, table number 5 is appointed, the basis is carbohydrates, the smaller part is represented by proteins and vegetable fats.
It is allowed to bake and stew products, the daily rate should not exceed 2500 kcal.
Peculiarities of nutrition in follicular bulbit:
- It is forbidden to eat spicy, fried, fatty, smoked dishes, as well as coarse fiber,
- coffee, kvass, kefir, alcohol, carbonated drinks,
- popular recipes are widely used - combine 50 ml of carrot juice with 5 ml of unrefined olive oil, take half an hour before the main meal,
- 100 gr. flax seeds grind in a coffee grinder, pour 250 ml of hot water to obtain a viscous slurry, take a teaspoon before meals 3-4 times a day, can be combined with honey in equal proportions.
Full recovery is possible only when performing a set of measures.
In the future, you must comply with the basics of healthy lifestyles - the rejection of bad habits, diet and balanced menu.
Types of Bulbits
Gastric bulge in the general case is always inflammation of the duodenal bulb, the question arises - why then is the disease called bulbit of the stomach. The fact is that the bulb closely adjoins to the stomach and for simplification such name is accepted. At the same time, there are several types or types of bulbit, depending on the form of flow and the characteristic features of inflammation.
There are three main types of bullbit:
Catarral bullbit of the stomach is an acute illness. A characteristic feature of the flow of such bulbit are sharp pains in the stomach. May be accompanied by severe headache. Such a bulbit is quite difficult to cure. To achieve a positive result in the treatment of the patient must adhere to all the recommendations of the doctor.
Superficial bulbit is the mildest form of the disease, as it affects only the outer areas of the duodenal mucosa. It can proceed hidden, the patient can not suspect for a long time about the existence of the disease. However, if time does not go to the doctor for advice and treatment, the superficial bulbit can easily acquire an erosive form, that is, it can go deep inside the tissues.
Erosive bulbit is a disease already with severe symptoms. This form of bulbit is accompanied by frequent nausea and urge to vomit. Such symptoms usually appear after eating. In the advanced stage, such a duodenal bulbit develops into an ulcer, that is, through-lesion of the bulb.
Follicular bulbit is a rather rare variety. With its development, this type of bulbit causes severe dysfunction of the digestive system and causes serious inconvenience to the patient.
A moderate bulbit may be latent by analogy with the surface form, it may be accompanied by headache, nausea and vomiting. Such symptoms are particularly pronounced in cases of acute illness.
Focal bulbit affects small areas of the duodenal bulb - foci - hence its name. With this bulbit along with the main treatment prescribed strict diets. A focal bulbit is very dangerous, and its symptoms are quite eloquent; you should not put off seeking medical help.
Bulb atrophic nature causes dysfunction of the duodenum.Such disorders cause severe vomiting. A characteristic feature is the loss of body weight.
Bulbit is also distinguished by the degrees of activity — there are two of them — the most frequently encountered is the 1-degree degree of bullit.
The chronic stages of the bulbits cause serious disturbances in the functions of the body. Patients suffering from chronic forms should be under the constant scrutiny of physicians.
Symptoms of the disease
A disease like bulbit of the stomach is very difficult to diagnose, especially in the early stages. Diagnosis can only be made using special equipment. The fact is that the signs of the disease are not clearly expressed and are not characteristic only for this disease.
Only inconspicuous signs can appear during the illness, mostly nausea. In the meantime, the inflammation of the bulb - the duodenal ulcer is called so - may already be in full swing.
The causes of bulbit may be drugs that cause irritation of the mucous membrane, food containing any caustic substances, for example, acid. As a result, the symptoms of bulbit become weakness and weakness, lack of appetite, severe pain in the head, pain in the abdominal region can become unbearable and have the nature of cutting. After eating nausea appears. In the mouth appears bitter taste, associated with increased secretion of bile.
When diagnosing bulbit, an important point is the initial examination of the patient, such an examination allows you to identify ways and methods for further diagnosis. However, the main tool for making a correct and comprehensive diagnosis is laboratory tests.
The reason for the examination and diagnostic studies are complaints of the patient. In this case, the patient usually complains of painful attacks of the right abdomen. The visual sign may be yellow bloom in the patient's tongue. Pain can also occur near the navel. Such pains with bulbit have the character of periodic spasms. The reason for the aggravation is food intake.
Patients with bulbit develop an unpleasant smell in the mouth. Belching from the mouth, sweating, headache and indisposition are constant companions of patients. This is due to the fact that an increased amount of toxins is produced in the stomach during the course of the bulbit.
Principles of treatment
Symptoms and treatment are closely related. Treatment, as already mentioned, is based on the identified cause of bulbit. The cause must be reliably determined at the diagnostic stage. What is a bulbit has already been considered, but the bulbit is still considered as a special case of duodenitis.
Consider the general approaches to the treatment of bulbit of the stomach, used in medical practice. Treatment is always carried out comprehensively, that is, along with the use of drugs, the patient must adhere to certain rules, such as diet. Often the treatment is complemented by the use of folk remedies, which helps to consolidate the results achieved and to avoid relapses. Often, a bullbit of the stomach is considered that this is the formation of an additional loop, where the food mass gets stuck and favorable conditions for the reproduction of bacteria are created.
Nutrition of the patient must be strictly defined and made small meals throughout the day. Reducing the amount of food for 1 reception, increase the number of these techniques. The minimum number of meals during the day should be 4 intakes.
Food taken must always be heated, but not hot. In the food are boiled or stewed dishes. Before serving the patient food is crushed. Irritating ingredients such as pepper, pickles, fat, vinegar, and coffee are excluded from the food. It is not recommended to use onions and garlic in the raw. Smoking and alcohol at the time of treatment are completely excluded. Whether to comply with this rule, of course, remains at the discretion of the patient. If possible, it is necessary to remove those factors that may adversely affect the patient's condition.
If we consider the bulbit of the stomach that it is a breeding ground for bacteria, then in order to prevent infection from over-infectioning, it is necessary to clean up the patient’s mouth, removing and healing all caries and inflammatory processes.
The use of drugs is prescribed strictly individually, taking into account the characteristics of each patient and the results of diagnostic studies. This applies the treatment of the type of symptom-medicine. To alleviate the condition of patients, in almost all cases, means are used to reduce the production of hydrochloric acid. Such agents are called antacids. Used drugs that promote cell regeneration, the so-called reparants.
In some special cases, the patient is treated with a short fast. This fasting is effectively combined with procedures for cleansing the stomach. These procedures relieve the body of excessive slagging and toxins.
The use of diet in combination with medicines gives good results. With acute pain the patient is given antispasmodic drugs. It is very useful to drink bulby mineral water without gas.
So, such an unpleasant disease as a bulbit, the treatment of which is given with great difficulty, can be diagnosed only in the hospital. Experienced experts will determine the methods of getting rid of bulbit - the main thing is not to delay treatment.
When people go to a doctor with severe abdominal pain, as a rule, they prescribe a test and write the detected pathology in conclusion. In some cases, a chronic erosive process is found in the duodenum called the bulbit of the stomach - what it is and how to treat it will be described below.
What is bulbit stomach
Pathology is characterized by inflammation of the duodenal bulb, for the same reason, the disease is also called bulboduodenitis. The inflamed area is only adjacent to the stomach, therefore the presence of the name of this organ in the diagnosis is incorrect. Knowing what a bullbit is and how to treat it, it should be understood that it is more about the duodenum. Pathology of the stomach is called only because in most cases this disease is accompanied by gastritis.
Both diseases have a common and similar pathogenesis, often occur due to each other, complicate the course of inflammatory processes. Bulboduodenitis and gastritis have similar symptoms, so often the inflammation of the bulb in the duodenum is hidden, masquerading as an attack of gastritis. These two diseases greatly reduce the level of comfort of a person’s life and need treatment.
This is one of the forms of pathology that is diagnosed in a person. Superficial gastrobulbit is characterized by the fact that abdominal pain is not the main symptom. It is possible to determine it on fibrogastroduodenoscopy, it is characterized by slightly edematous folds of the gastric mucosa, brighter coloring, dilated capillaries. Superficial bulbits can provoke reflux reflux, in some cases, even in the esophagus of the bulb. A patient with this form of bulboduodenitis may notice the following symptoms:
- addiction to constipation
- chronic rumbling in the abdomen,
- nausea (rarely)
- general malaise,
- constant strong feeling of hunger.
This type of pathology is characterized by superficial inflammation of the bulb, swelling of the intestinal wall, desquamation of the epithelium. Catarral Bulbitt can be purulent, slimy, serous, this factor determines the nature of the effusion. Sometimes there is a gradual change of exudate during the development of bulbit stomach. Most often the catarrhal form is found in the acute form and without pus. Doctors say that such a bulbit of the stomach proceeds quickly, is easily treatable and passes without residual effects.
Causes of disease
In medicine, bacterial infection Helicobacter Pylori is considered to be the traditional etiological factor in the development of chronic and acute inflammatory processes of the gastrointestinal tract. The proven fact is that this microorganism is present in the duodenum, stomach with ulcers and inflammation. Is he the cause or only accompanies these diseases of the digestive tract accurate data so far. The main eating disorders that experts say are causing the development of bulbit of the stomach are:
- abuse on an empty stomach by smoking, alcohol,
- spicy, fatty poison, fast food,
- increased fatigue
- frequent headaches
- irregular meals.
All these factors cause changes in the acid-base state, which later provokes chronic, acute inflammatory processes. Another likely cause is worm infestation, giardiasis, often found in children, in people with an asocial, marginal lifestyle. A rare but significant cause of this pathology of the stomach is granulomatous enteritis, Crohn's disease. Patients clearly observed violations in the immune system, genetic predisposition.
In Crohn's disease, bulbit will be one of many symptoms, disease syndromes, it will not be the only manifestation of the disease. This is due to the systemic nature of the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, and not focal manifestations. The reasons for the development of Bulbit include taking certain medications, harmful working conditions, working with aggressive substances that can penetrate the intestines.
Often the disease is masked under the symptoms of gastritis, is asymptomatic for a person. For this reason, it is difficult to put forward a version on bulb inflammation in time. The most characteristic manifestations of bulboduodenitis can be considered hungry pain two hours after eating at night. The symptomatology of gastritis and bulbit in the early stages is very similar, so diagnosis is difficult. Stomach bulge - what it is and its symptoms:
- Radiating abdominal pains in the abdomen,
- morning bad breath
- cramps in the left side,
- vomiting, nausea, dyspepsia.
All these symptoms should be a cause for concern, passing the examination to identify pathology. If induced hyperacid gastritis develops with gastroesophageal reflux, heartburn is added to the above signs, pulling feeling around the sternum, belching with acidic contents. Signs subside after taking antacid medications, the patient's condition returns to normal. These symptoms manifest in many, but this does not mean that in 100% of cases a person develops bulboduodenitis.
Bulbits of the stomach are usually detected by chance during a routine examination, because the symptoms are masked as gastritis. A blood test does not show anything until the pathology is achieved with a severe ulcerative form, ESR is slightly elevated. X-ray also does not give a complete informative picture. The ability to diagnose the disease appeared only after the invention of endoscopic equipment.
Research using the endoscope has become the gold standard for the detection of gastrointestinal diseases. It is recommended to carry it out together with esophagogastroscopy, which helps to get the most complete picture of the state of the mucous membrane of the stomach, duodenum, esophagus. These diagnostic methods will show:
- inflamed areas
Flexible fibroscope opens up the opportunity not only to diagnose pathology, but also to begin therapy for the damaged area. To assess the possible developmental factors of gastritis, bulbit, and the general acid-base status of the gastrointestinal tract, daily pH-metry is performed. If for some reason endoscopy cannot be performed, it can be replaced with antroduodenal manometry and electrogastroenterography.
Treatment of bulbit stomach
Pathology is easier to cure if it is detected at an early stage. There are several ways to treat bulbit. The maximum effect is achieved by a complex approach to therapy, the following methods are used:
- folk recipes
- diet therapy.
Diet with bulby duodenum
One of the main directions in the treatment of pathology is the normalization of nutrition, the use of only a certain type of food. It is very important a complete rejection of alcohol and smoking, which have a strong irritant effect on the gastric mucosa and gastrointestinal tract. Their influence can greatly aggravate the duodenal bulbit, causing a change from mild to severe.
In case of acute attacks of pathology, it is recommended to completely give up eating for a while in order to reduce inflammation, swelling, pain, then it is allowed to use porridge on water or skimmed milk. Diet with bulbit duodenum in the non-acute stage allows the following products for use:
- use of dairy products: yogurt, kefir, ryazhenka, milk, low-fat cottage cheese, cheese,
- white bread crackers
- vegetable broths,
When the pathology of the stomach from the diet should be removed forever carbonated drinks, very spicy foods, fried foods and smoked meats. Proper nutrition during bulbity should be observed throughout the life of patients who have a predisposition to the development of gastrointestinal diseases. The patient's body can be fully restored, which will allow you to return to the usual diet. A sample menu for the day during the therapy of bulbit stomach looks like this:
- First breakfast - steamed omelet with carrots.
- Snack - apple puree, rosehip decoction.
- Lunch - soup with meatballs or boiled rice, jelly.
- Tea time - crackers, a glass of milk.
- Dinner - buckwheat porridge, fish souffle, carrot salad.
- Snack - tea (weak), pudding of rusks with pear puree.
- Before bed - tea.
Due to the fast pace of modern life, there is no time left for proper nutrition, which is fraught with the appearance of bulbit and superficial gastritis. Diseases are widespread and dangerous.
Superficial gastritis - a disease of the initial stage, can later develop into an ulcer. With the disease, the glandular epithelium of the stomach becomes inflamed and changes. Basically, the disease passes on the background of other disorders, often referred to as concomitant.
Bulbit affects and inflames the most important organ of digestion (duodenum, onion itself). It is considered a type of duodenitis.
Major Disease Differences
The causes of the disease of both pathologies are simultaneously similar and different. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori plays a major role in both diseases, plus the common cause of inflammation is poor nutrition and constant stress. On the indicated signs of similarity in the causes of the disease ends.
Completely different diseases can accompany the onset of foci of both pathologies. Bulbit occurs due to diseases: Crohn, giardiasis, infection with worms, foreign body in the stomach. Superficial gastritis is not far from: diabetes, hormonal malfunction and hypertension.
The main difference is localization. Bulbit located in the duodenal bulb, gastritis directly in the stomach. At the first symptoms, it will hurt in different parts of the abdomen, depending on the disease.
Bulbit differs related predisposition, which plays a huge role in the occurrence of the disease. Superficial gastritis reveals obvious and unique symptoms. Already in the second stage, gastritis may be clearly defined by the criteria:
- Bloating, burning and discomfort in the epigastrium,
- Gastric pain after eating,
- Poor appetite
- Rotten breath,
- On palpation pain in the stomach,
- Fatty and floury food causes heartburn.
Superficial gastritis, bulbit often requires the use of diet in treatment. When the disease is transformed into an acute form, the therapy is carried out in a hospital.
Treatment of bulbit begins after examination by a gastroenterologist, only the doctor is able to quickly identify the disease and prescribe drugs. Treatment depends on the course and type of the disease, respectively, the drugs and methods for the patient's recovery will change. The doctor prescribes antibiotics in prescribed dosages. An attempt to self-treatment can lead to dysbacteriosis, difficult to treat. In cases of infection with worms, treatment is compiled, the withdrawal of parasites from the body becomes the prerogative. The method of treatment is taken exclusively to people infected with worms.
It is necessary to treat superficial gastritis, starting with an examination by a doctor; After receiving complete information from the diagnosis, treatment is compiled. At best, you will have to give up bad habits and follow the diet prescribed by your doctor.
Chronic gastritis looks like a punishment for not following the advice of a doctor. For a long time, continuing the former way of life, a person will lead to reproduction inside the body of Helicobacter pylori. Further inaction about helikobakterioza end fatally. The pathogenic bacterium will begin to destroy the first layers of the epithelium, then it will go further, destroying the deeper layers. The doctor prescribes antibiotics, as in the case of bulbit, the main goal will be to reduce the acidity of the stomach.
Bulbit diet is a fundamental factor on the road to recovery. Drawing up a diet on your own is a bad idea, they turn to a doctor for help. Every person needs to have an idea about proper and regular nutrition.
A gastroenterologist will help you to make a diet depending on the extent and type of the disease, and you will have to maintain a strict regimen for six months. With the first signs of the disease it is already desirable to follow certain rules in the diet:
- Refuse products that irritate the mucous membrane (coffee, spicy, fatty, alcoholic, smoked and salty),
- In the early days, consume only liquid food.
- Separate meals,
- Make the right diet and comply with it.
With bulbit and gastritis, the diet is accompanied by quitting smoking. Nicotine has a negative effect on the mucous membrane. It is important to know the peculiarities of the diet menu for superficial gastritis, remember the basic tips when preparing a diet:
- Steaming and eating only low-fat fish,
- It should be included in the diet of dairy products,
- The main part of the diet are porridges cooked in water or milk,
- Chamomile or sage tea,
- Berries, juices, dried fruits and non-acidic fruits.
It is important to follow the diet menu, change the way of life to prevent relapse. With the diagnosis of "superficial gastritis" comes a rethinking of lifestyle, attitude to bad habits. The desire to be healthy and live longer definitely should be a priority, exceeding the attachment to alcohol and nicotine. The development of stress resistance will be the main factor in the confrontation with the terrible ailments associated with the gastrointestinal tract, with the whole organism.
It is important to follow the diet in order not to aggravate the situation and not to get new, acute forms of the disease. Selected folk remedies are recognized as effective and should not be interrupted. A decoction of flax seeds in combination with herbal tinctures will help relieve pain, lead to complete recovery of the patient. Tinctures are used for prophylaxis in the seasons of acute gastritis.
Examples of the diet menu
Strictly comply with the rules will help tips and examples of the preparation of the diet menu. It is undesirable to take into use the given approximate list, the attending physician is obliged to make a diet.
Bulbit menu (salt and sugar is limited to use in weight of 5 and 50 g):
- Breakfast (in the morning from 7 to 9 o'clock).
- Steam food: scrambled eggs, fish.
- Poor hour with a small addition of sugar.
- The second breakfast (from 9 to 11 o'clock). Suitable fruit puree.
- The first snack. For example, decoction or tincture.
- Soup with the addition of boiled meat (chicken fillet).
- Porridge and steam patty.
- High tea Compote with breadcrumbs.
- Dinner (at about six o'clock in the evening).
- Light vegetable salads.
- Steam fish.
- Rice porrige.
- Second dinner (around eight o'clock).
- Fruit puree.
- A glass of tea.
- Before bed, it is recommended to drink a glass of milk.
Menu for superficial gastritis:
- For breakfast, vegetables in a ground form and low-fat cottage cheese. On the third compote or a glass of fresh juice.
- Lunch or snack snack with apple sauce.
- For lunch, steam patties or fish like a pike perch or pike are allowed. Oatmeal is a great choice. Poor tea finishes lunch.
- In the afternoon snack, as in the diet menu with bulbits, it is permissible to use compote with breadcrumbs.
- Small portions of buckwheat porridge and carrot salad will be an excellent dinner.
- At eight in the evening, quench your thirst with a glass of tea or milk and get ready for bed.
Useful components in the diet menu will be added to the diet chamomile, St. John's wort and celandine.
It is important to remember that abrupt termination of the course of treatment is fraught with a series of troubles associated with the gastrointestinal tract. At a minimum, it threatens to return to the beginning of the treatment course.
One of the diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - Bulbit. It is a disease of the duodenum and is closely related to the stomach.
What is this disease? What are its forms and types? Is it possible to treat with medicines and folk remedies? What is the prevention of bulbit? Answers to all listed questions here.
Concept of bullit
Stomach bulge - what is it? This is a type of duodenitis. Directly, the disease 12 duodenal ulcer. More precisely, it is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of its bulbar section.
Often the disease is accompanied by gastritis. These diseases have a similar form. Therefore, the name of the disease is used to name the disease.
General concepts of follicular bulbit
Follicular bulbit of the stomach - a disease that has recently been increasingly detected in different age groups.
It is characterized by certain inflammatory changes in the duodenal mucosa.
It is clear from the name “bulbit” that the mucosa of a specific duodenum section — the bulb or the ampoule — is subjected to changes (from the Latin bulbus — the bulb).
The duodenal ampoule is its widest section. Anatomically, it is located immediately after the stomach and performs a number of very important physiological functions.
Alkaline environment should be maintained physiologically in the ampoule.
Many of the body's reserves are aimed at maintaining a constant pH. It would seem, why do we need this mechanism? And there are several reasons.
First, in the duodenum after the stomach digestion of food continues.
Many of the enzymes necessary for this work in an alkaline environment. Secondly, food comes from the stomach along with hydrochloric acid.
However, in the intestine there is no such protection against aggression of gastric juice, as in the stomach.
So alkalinity is a way to protect intestinal epithelium from acid. With this disease, the glands cannot function normally, and the pH is not kept constant.
This creates ways for even greater imbalance and damage.
In the ampulla open the ducts of the gallbladder and pancreas
In order for the enzymes and bile acids to "turn on", you need a certain ionic composition, pH and hormonal level.
If a person has inflammatory changes in the mucous membrane of the small intestine, then there is no activation of these mechanisms.
Consequently, digestion is disturbed, as well as the absorption of food, less nutrients enter the bloodstream and tissues, despite the amount of food consumed by humans.
Factors contributing to the disease
All the mucous membranes of our body have local protection factors. It is for this reason that we are able to counteract a huge number of microorganisms that attack us every second.
However, there are situations when something weakens local immunity. In this case, microorganisms and find a gap in protection and cause any disease.
Likewise with inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - if everything is fine with our immune system, the mucosa is normal and all the mechanisms work like a clock - colitis, gastritis, duodenitis is unlikely to occur.
So before you begin treatment, you should try to minimize their effect on the body.
Factors that can reduce our defenses are:
Our lifestyle predisposes to unhealthy diet. Food on the go, in a short break for work, without following any schedule, long periods of fasting.
As a result, our body cannot adjust and periodically damages its own structures with enzymes - if you attach a bacterial flora, then a bulbit may well occur.
Smoking is currently the most "popular" bad habit. We will not understand about all the pathological effects of smoking, but nicotine does not affect the gastric and intestinal mucosa in the best way.
Substances in smoke irritate the mucous membrane, disrupting the balance of immunological reactions. In addition, many of the substances that make up the smoke simply have a poisonous effect on the cells.
This group of factors includes not only nervous experiences. These include overwork, chronic sleep deprivation, heavy physical exertion, and so on.
Any stress causes an imbalance in the immune, hormonal, nervous and other systems of the human body. However, if this stress arose once, then we are fully capable of adapting to it.
If this stress is constant, then sooner or later our body will cease to compensate for its influence, and the adaptation mechanisms will fail. There may be bulbits.
Detection of H. pylory in the contents of the stomach
This bacterium causes stomach ulcers and gastritis. However, in advanced cases, it can also damage the duodenal mucosa, causing follicular unpleasant bulbit.
It enters the intestine along with the contents of the stomach, but most often dies in an alkaline environment.
But if the protection factors of the intestinal mucosa are weakened, the pH is not properly maintained, the disease can occur.
Folic bulbit - symptoms and treatment
Inflammatory changes in any organ give rise to a number of identical groups of symptoms. First of all, when inflammation of the mucous membrane occurs, edema occurs, which provokes pain.
Pain can vary in intensity, depending on the severity of inflammatory changes.
Most often, with such a disease as follic bulbit, pain will be localized in the upper abdomen.
They can be given in the back, due to the anatomical features of the location of the duodenum.
If the disease is in the acute stage, then the pain will also be acute, more intense, often occur on an empty stomach.
If the disease has passed into the chronic stage, then the pain is often aching, pulling. Pain in the acute period requires appropriate therapy - treatment is the prescription of painkillers.
Intestinal dysfunction is the next symptom of bulbit. Manifestations in this case is a violation of the movement of the food lump further along the digestive tube, as well as the absorption and digestion of food.
Due to stagnation of food, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach and nausea may occur, and in the acute period also vomiting, which does not bring noticeable relief.
For the diagnosis of this disease using fibrogastroscopy. In the course of this analysis, you can not only see the damaged mucous membrane, but also take the contents of the stomach and duodenum for examination.
The treatment of this disease should be selected by a gastroenterologist. It should include not only fighting symptoms, but also influence the causes and mechanisms of the disease.
First of all, it is necessary to include antibiotic therapy aimed at the eradication of H. pylory. Since this bacterium is the most common cause of the disease, it is necessary to eliminate it.
The doctor will select the appropriate antibacterial drugs for you, as well as help alleviate the symptoms.
However, prepare for the fact that the treatment of this disease is long. You will also need to follow a strict diet, and give up bad habits, such as drinking alcohol, smoking.
In addition, you will need to normalize your lifestyle and try to minimize the amount of stress at work and at home, so that the follicular painful bulbit is disturbed as little as possible.