Poisoning

Heart vomiting

In some cases, heart disease is asymptomatic for a long time. However, the majority of patients with heart disease immediately notice pain in the chest and in the organ, periodic cephalgia or dizziness, weakness or shortness of breath. Often there is nausea with the desire to vomit, which causes severe discomfort, and thereby aggravates the general condition. These manifestations may indicate a different pathology, and therefore, in case of nausea and pain in the heart, one should immediately consult a doctor to examine and identify the cause of the symptoms.

Why can nausea join pain in my heart?

Complaints that heart aches and nausea indicate the pathology of the cardiovascular or nervous system. The appearance of these symptoms provokes many factors. The mechanism of nausea and vomiting one. In the human brain, there is an emetic center. Anatomically, it is located in the medulla oblongata, near the respiratory, vasomotor and vegetative centers, and is closely related to them. Changes in the frequency and rhythm of breathing, increased salivation, increased heart rate and pain in the heart provoke arousal of the vomiting center and precede nausea. The stimulating effect on the emetic center causes irritation of the internal receptors, which occurs when:

  • a sharp increase in arterial and intracranial pressure,
  • heart rhythm disorder
  • lack of oxygen and a reflex effect on the digestive organs during hypoxia,
  • increase intracardiac pressure
  • increasing abdominal pressure,
  • excessive stretching of the stomach walls of a large amount of drunk liquid or food eaten.

Cause nausea and drugs, which metabolites stimulate cells of the emetic center. Cardialgia, a pain in the heart in the left half of the breast or in the armpit area indicate one of the diseases of the cardiovascular system, which are characterized by a combination of symptoms of aching pain in the organ and nausea.

What pathologies need to be excluded first?

Most often, nausea is accompanied by an unpleasant feeling in the epigastric region, stomach or esophagus, the desire to vomit. Some patients note that their head is spinning and their heart aches. Nausea is a symptom of diseases of various genesis; only a doctor can determine the cause. To exclude an incorrect diagnosis, the whole complex of symptoms and complaints of a person is taken into account. Below is a list of diseases in which nausea and cardialgia are the leading signs:

  1. Hypertonic disease and persistent increase in rates of more than 150/100 mm Hg. Art., in which there is severe nausea or vomiting at the peak of pressure, dizziness, sensation of noise in the head and ears.
  2. Hypertensive crisis. With a sharp increase in pressure, there is severe nausea, increased salivation and weakness in the lower extremities, sweating or numbness of the palms, perspiration and sweat on the face, noise and ringing in the head and ears.
  3. An attack of angina and chest pain varying intensity is accompanied by weakness, sweating, discomfort in the chest and stomach, mild nausea, fatigue and unpleasant sensations in the epigastric region.
  4. Acute Coronary Syndrome. Characterized by the emergence of severe nausea long before the pain attack with a feeling of squeezing in the chest, rapid breathing, a sense of lack of air, panic and fear of death.
  5. Acute myocardial infarction. In rare cases, at first there is a sharp pain and cramps in the stomach, which is accompanied by sweating, severe vomiting, regardless of the meal.
  6. Heart rhythm disorderin which a non-rhythmic frequent contraction of the heart and pulse is felt by trembling or fluttering in the sternum. Against the background of severe weakness, dizziness and sweating, salivation increases, nausea and vomiting of food eaten the day before appear.
  7. Compensated heart failurewhich causes constant fatigue, loss of strength, headaches and occasional nausea.
  8. Chronic heart failure in decompensation stage. Persistent deterioration is accompanied by an increase in impotence, shortness of breath, edema, constant nausea and aching pain in the region of the heart.
  9. Myocarditis against ARVI. In the acute phase of the disease, severe shortness of breath, a feeling of tightness in the chest with a lack of air, nausea with occasional vomiting and chills, aggravated by increasing body temperature.
  10. Poisoning cardiac drugs from the group of cardiac glycosides or acetylsalicylic acid. Pulling pain in the heart and dizziness, tremor of the hands, nausea and vomiting occur with an overdose of such drugs.

Tactics to help the patient with nausea or vomiting with pain in the heart

Similar symptoms occur in case of poisoning, psychosomatic disorder, or signal heart disease. If nausea and cardialgia occurs:

  1. Calm down, take a comfortable position, remove excess clothing and normalize breathing.
  2. With heart pain, feeling of palpitations, lack of air, headache, nausea and vomiting call an ambulance.
  3. While waiting for the doctor, do not take the medicine yourself.
  4. First aid - a cool compress on the forehead and face, airing the room, give the patient a drink of water.
  5. With particular attention to the condition of pregnant women, with the appearance of alarming symptoms immediately turn to an obstetrician-gynecologist.

Many factors provoke nausea and pain in the heart. Such symptoms are indicative of both cardiac pathology and impairment of the vegetative nervous system, psychosomatic disorder, or food poisoning. To identify the exact cause and prescription of an effective treatment for nausea and cardialgia, refer to a cardiologist or therapist.

Aggravation of peptic ulcer

If this study is negative and the suspicion index is still high, dilute barium contrast must be performed to confirm the diagnosis and localization of the perforation. Below are the results of the analysis of the pleural fluid of the patient. Which of the following most suggests rupture of the esophagus?

If the pleural fluid is collected by thoracentesis, the pH is less than 6, the presence of food particles or the presence of elevated levels of salivary amylase confirms the diagnosis. Which of the following factors, as shown, has a negative effect on the prognosis of esophageal rupture?

A heart attack (myocardial infarction) is sometimes preceded by the appearance of pain in the heart and painful nausea in a few days. Similar symptoms are characteristic of the acute process of the development of the pathology of infarction. Vomiting, nausea, weakness, low blood pressure replace hypertension, tachycardia, with shortness of breath, fear and burning pain in the chest, there are not rare cases of fainting. Often, nausea is practically the only symptom of myocardial infarction, and the disease develops painlessly.

The delay in the primary repair of perforation and the physical condition of the patient. Critical determinants of esophageal perforation therapy are the cause, location and severity of perforation, as well as the interval between perforation and treatment.In addition to the age and general health of the patient, damage to the surrounding tissues and the presence of a concomitant pathology or injury to the esophagus should be considered before starting therapy.

Which of the following is the leading cause of esophageal perforation? Esophageal perforation should be considered in patients who complain of chest pain after the instrumentation. This is due to the fact that this disease does not have any pronounced symptoms, but it is a critical risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. An increase in cholesterol levels can lead to the narrowing of important blood vessels and even block them.

Sharp chest pains, nausea often accompany bronchitis and pneumonia. Pain in such cases occurs after a long unproductive cough due to over-voltage intercostal muscles. Nausea is a consequence of general intoxication due to the vital activity of microorganisms, medication. A sign that heart pain, nausea - these are symptoms of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract is the presence of increased body temperature, chills, increased sweating.

The only visible symptoms of high cholesterol

In combination with too heredity and stress, this disease can lead to a heart attack or stroke. The only visible symptoms of high cholesterol are.

  • Yellowish nodules around the eyelids, White ring around the iris, Nodules on the tendons.
  • These thickenings are commonly found on the Achilles tendons and tendons of the arm.
  • They can also occur on the tendons of the foot, knee, or elbow.
The remaining symptoms of high cholesterol are only indirect. By this we mean that one is recognized by complaints caused by this disease.

A sharp jump in blood pressure is characterized by a hypertensive crisis. At the same time, patients experience pressure in the region of the heart, nausea, vomiting, which does not bring relief, dizziness.

In diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas, pain may be localized in the chest area, and frequent nausea without vomiting occurs. Often the pain is felt in the hypochondrium, bitterness in the mouth is possible.

What is elevated cholesterol?

These are symptoms that result from narrowing of the arteries. Before we dive into the indirect symptoms of high cholesterol, we first explain what cholesterol is and what high cholesterol means. Cholesterol is not bad in itself. In short, cholesterol is indispensable for body functions. However, it is important that cholesterol is present only in the right amount in the body.

Causes of nausea and pain in the heart

If this relationship is wrong, problems will arise. Most cholesterol is produced in the liver. The rest is absorbed by the body through food. Then cholesterol is transferred to those parts of the body where it is needed through the intestines and the bloodstream. For this transport, cholesterol is packed in lipoproteins. This prevents blood fat from thickening.

Symptoms of a pathological condition

The combination of the symptoms described is similar to signs of poisoning. These include:

  • nausea,
  • vomiting that may contain blood clots,
  • acute pain, especially in the upper abdomen,
  • headache,
  • feeling of squeezing in the thoracic region.

That is why the patient is trying to remember all his recent meals to make sure of the diagnosis. However, these signals may indicate a different, more serious disease.

Possible localization of pain in diseases of the heart

What should be done

Chest pain, vomiting, nausea, weakness should not be ignored, they can not be ignored.Timely diagnosis, consultation of a competent specialist can differentiate the cause of symptoms and direct all therapeutic measures to eliminate the disease. Therefore, what can be taken for nausea, you need to find out from the doctor. In each case, the answer to this question will be different.

Gradual symptoms

Arteriosclerosis usually occurs on the inside of the coronary artery, aorta, and aortic branches. Cholesterol embedding is an insidious process. Slowly but surely, the affected arteries contract, making it difficult for blood to pass. Only if the flow through the accumulation of cholesterol is affected by 50%, does this concern complaints.

There is no need to hesitate in seeking emergency treatment if there are threatening symptoms:

  • heart pain does not stop more than 20 minutes
  • pain does not go away after taking nitroglycerin,
  • nausea and pain in the heart is accompanied by high blood pressure, cold sweat, shortness of breath, fear.

The severity and occurrence of atherosclerosis

Symptoms caused by elevated cholesterol levels depend on the severity and degree of arteriosclerosis and the location of the narrowing. Thus, reduced blood supply leads to chest pain. Then it is called angina pectoris. First of all, this occurs in the case of voltage or voltage. Additional oxygen that is required from the heart is not supplied, which leads to a feeling of pressure and pain in the chest. Other possible signals are, among other things. abnormal fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, sweating and nausea.

How to cope with chest pain and nausea

A prerequisite for the successful elimination of chest pain and nausea is accurate diagnosis of the patient's condition. After all, in order to relieve nausea in violation of the function of the heart and blood vessels, it is necessary to take drugs that lower blood pressure, correct the function of the heart, improve the condition of blood vessels and the rheological properties of blood.

As soon as an elevated cholesterol level leads to vasoconstriction in the legs, you first notice symptoms, such as joint pain or fatigue or numbness in the legs, while running, walking or racing. This phenomenon is also often referred to as “store disease.” Arteriosclerosis in the brain, such as coordination problems or loss of vision.

With complete occlusion of a blood vessel

Once the blood vessel is completely clogged, the tissue that "does not serve oxygen at all." Such blockages are usually the result of a blood clot caused by a ruptured accumulation of cholesterol. A cork caused by such a blood clot is formed at the site of the crack itself, as well as in other places “downstream”. Notable symptoms of a heart attack are sudden onset of moderate or very severe chest pain. This pain can radiate to the jaw, shoulders and back. If the symptoms persist, they talk about a stroke.

Therapy for vegetative dystonia is complex and includes sedatives, drugs that optimize the functioning of the nervous system, as well as individual organs and systems. In addition, they also resort to non-drug methods of treatment: therapeutic massage, physiotherapy, reflexotherapy.

Myocardial infarction requires urgent and competent measures in the hospital. Therapy, its duration, volume directly depend on the area of ​​the lesion of the heart muscle. The success of treatment is much greater if it is started for the first time in 12 hours.

What to do with the direct symptoms of high cholesterol?

These two examples of indirect symptoms of elevated cholesterol can also be fatal. As soon as you learn about the direct symptoms of high cholesterol, you should contact your doctor directly. This can be determined by a blood test if you have elevated cholesterol.If your symptoms, age, or medical history indicate that you also suffer from atherosclerosis, you will be directed directly to the appropriate specialist for further examination.

Pneumonia and bronchitis, in addition to antimicrobial and antiviral therapy, always include detoxification agents, vitamins, mucolytic drugs. Despite the highly effective broad-spectrum antibiotics, the most acceptable is the prescription of drugs based on microbiological data.

Treatment for high cholesterol consists of lifestyle tips, possibly also in combination with one. As soon as you suffer from severe atherosclerosis, you can also consider the prompt procedure. Severe heartburn is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. A combination of symptoms may indicate inflammation of the gastric mucosa or irritant syndrome. Gastroesophageal reflux with ascending gastric acid can also cause vomiting. Since frequent vomiting can exacerbate blood circulation, complaints should be clarified by a doctor.

In diseases of the liver and pancreas, the use of drugs that restore the function of these organs, as well as anti-emetic drugs (Reglan, Zoloft), helps quite well against nausea. Additional methods of examination will not be superfluous; they will help you individually select the necessary means of therapy.

Severe heartburn and vomiting: how does all this work together?

The following text explains how severe heartburn is associated with vomiting and what initial measures can be taken. In most cases, heartburn can be explained by irritation of the esophageal mucosa by ascending gastric acid. The body is trained to quickly extract harmful substances. Thus, irritation of the esophagus and stomach causes a reflex in the spinal cord from nausea and breakthrough sensations. Therefore, vomiting can be a typical symptom of severe heartburn. With gastroesophageal reflux, muscle occlusion is weakened between the esophagus and the stomach, so gastric juice penetrates the esophagus.

Causes of pain in the heart and nausea are varied. Listening to the “voice” of one’s own organism, a person is able to catch the signals of dysfunction of organs and systems in a timely manner, and, turning to a doctor, find the right solution to the problem.

Hello, I have such a problem for 4 months. to do, examined from head to toe, examinations are normal, and head and fibro and colonoscopy of all organs; obviously this discomfort is no longer know what to do

Hello, Alexander! The fact that you have "everything is normal", says about the psychosomatic nature of your complaints. Our body never deceives us. It is able to “tell” about all our internal problems - our conflicts, sufferings, experiences. This information manifests itself in the form of single ailments or chronic protracted diseases. The ability of the mental state to influence physical health is called psychosomatics. Experts say that the transformation of internal experiences and conflicts into physical ailments occurs in different ways. In some cases, emotions burst through that have not yet been released. Sometimes, on the contrary, physical illness is a defense mechanism. But always problems with physical health are a sign of mental problems.Naturally, it is much easier to drink pills and deal with the symptoms of the disease, but the main problem and the cause of the disease in the head also needs scrupulous analysis. Without knowing what processes are going on in the unconscious, a person cannot be aware of the fact that he has internal problems. He is simply not good, for some reason sad, nothing pleases. The continuous state of stress affects physical health, manifested in various symptoms. All this taken together - the message of the subconscious that you need to do something to solve their internal problems. Your problems should be solved under the guidance of an experienced specialist (psychotherapist, psychologist). It is impossible to give some quick effective advice on the Internet, with all due respect and the desire to help - this is contrary to medical ethics, and may even harm. Consult a doctor in person.

Dear Alexander! It can be said that psychosomatic diseases are the pain and suffering of the soul, which have not found any other way out except through the body, it is a story of the soul about itself, and more often it is its cry. Psychosomatic diseases are physical diseases or disorders, the cause of which is emotional stress. These can be conflicts, suffering, feelings of aggression, fear, which are not realized by a person, but remain in his unconscious. The stomach (nauseous) and the heart (crushing in the chest) sensitively react to our problems, fears, hatred towards others and towards oneself, discontent with oneself and one’s fate. The suppression of these feelings, the reluctance to admit to themselves, the attempt to ignore instead of thinking, awareness and resolution can cause various disorders. Psychosomatic diseases and their symptoms always have specific causes. For example, “Gastric functions” (nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, poor appetite) are upset in people who shamefully react to their desire to get help or love from another person, the desire to lean on someone. In other cases, the conflict is expressed in feelings of guilt because of the desire to take away something from the other by force. The reason why gastric functions are so vulnerable to this kind of conflict is that food is the first obvious satisfaction of receptive-collective desire in early infancy. In the child's mind, the desire to be loved and the desire to be fed are very deeply connected. When, in a more mature age, the desire to get help from another causes shame or shyness, which is often in a society whose main value is independence, this desire can lead to various disorders of the stomach. Such people are distinguished by anxiety, irritability, increased performance and a heightened sense of duty. They are characterized by reduced self-esteem, accompanied by excessive vulnerability, shyness, touchiness, self-doubt, and with it increased demands on themselves, suspiciousness. It has been noticed that these people strive to do much more than they actually can. They tend to actively overcome difficulties in combination with strong internal anxiety. The reasons are many. To solve your problem, you should first understand the reasons, you can use the services of a therapist or a psychologist. It is impossible to help something at a distance with all the respect and desire to help. Contact a specialist in person. Best wishes.

Dear Alexander! You can get rid of your problems only by resolving psychological problems. Psychological problems cannot be solved with the help of pills alone. Drugs will only be able to “mask” your difficulties for a short time, but not completely eliminate them.Psychotherapy is a long and important process of organizing the past, present and future, the search for new ways of harmonizing the personality, the effectiveness of which depends not only on the experience of the therapist, but also on the efforts that the patient makes. You need patience and perseverance, and tablets can be "additional", but not the main means. It is useful to learn how to respond to stressful situations and annoying factors. Psychotherapy helps in this - to comprehend the World and oneself in it, to release the potential of a person. The main goal of psychotherapy is to cultivate flexibility, to find new, effective behavior strategies, to accumulate and rationally use energy resources, to provide activity, optimism, to preserve and develop health. In the human body, Nature initially designed everything in such a way that it is able to heal itself. And the right thoughts and fortitude are the main condition. The possibilities of the human body and psyche, and its ability to heal itself - are endless! The potential of his science has not been studied. What is important is a positive attitude, self-reliance, and perseverance in achieving the goal. For effective psychotherapy, it is important to find an experienced and qualified specialist (psychotherapist, psychologist) whom you trust. Best wishes!

Causes of malaise, their etiology and characteristics

Dizziness and headache may be localized in any part of the head: temporal, occipital, or frontal. This can hurt the stomach, nausea, vision or hearing. These are signs of pathologies of various organs or even entire body systems.

The main diseases with such symptoms include:

  • angina pectoris
  • hypertensive crisis,
  • heart attack
  • vascular dystonia,
  • heart ischemia
  • heart failure,
  • pneumonia or bronchitis in advanced form,
  • diseases of the liver or pancreas.

With angina, the patient feels pain in the heart and chest tightness. Often this disease is accompanied by a change in the color of the skin to pale, the hands become cold, and sweat appears on the forehead. Causes of indisposition: hypertension, overwork, stress, being in a cold or stuffy room.

Hypertensive crisis - a disease in which there is a sharp jump in pressure. Symptoms: pressing and aching pain in the heart, dizziness and nausea with vomiting.

What happens in the body with increasing pressure

Heart attack. Nausea, loss of consciousness, acute, “dagger” heartache, shortness of breath, fainting, panic, trembling and weakness are all signs of a heart attack. It happens that a terrible attack does not manifest itself, and only the feeling of nausea can signal it.

There is another type of heart attack - gastric (abdominal) heart attack, to which women are more susceptible. In this case, the victim severely hurts in the stomach, which hides heart pain.

Symptoms of gastric infarction are somewhat different from the usual symptoms, manifested as follows:

  • the stomach starts to hurt sharply (with gastrointestinal diseases, pain appears gradually),
  • pain increases rapidly and reaches an extreme point
  • pain does not depend on food intake,
  • vomiting does not improve the patient's well-being,
  • most likely, the victim has previously been diagnosed with angina.
Heart attack

Dystonia - an ambiguous disease, such a diagnosis is made only in our country. Abroad, the disease is not recognized, and dystonia is considered only a symptom of other ailments. With improper functioning of the autonomic nervous system, the patient may not sleep at night and suffer from heart palpitations and pressure drops. Dizziness, pain in the heart and nausea also indicate this problem.

The causes of this state are stresses and changes in psycho-emotional stress.Complications of vegetative dystonia have not yet been identified, but do not underestimate the disease and consult with your doctor better, since the IRR is associated with the state of the nervous system, and proper therapy will not bring harm.

How to recognize the IRR by indirect signs

Coronary heart disease is a disease in which the heart does not receive the necessary amount of blood for normal operation. In this case, the patient has an abnormal heartbeat, shortness of breath, nausea and, as a consequence, vomiting, weakness and increased sweating, especially on the forehead. A patient may confuse symptoms with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as the pain is similar to heartburn.

With heart failure, there is a nagging pain in the heart area. The causes of the disease are caused by abnormalities in the structure of the muscle tissue of the heart, increased pressure inside the chambers of the heart, blood stagnation in the vessels and the development of pulmonary edema. That is why man and nauseated.

Lack of pumping function of the heart can be expressed in constipation, flatulence and bouts of vomiting. The causes of the disease are as follows:

  • improper functioning of the digestive organs due to lack of oxygen,
  • overdose or inadequate medication.

Inflammation of the lungs or bronchitis. Heart pain and nausea are not only a sign of diseases of the heart apparatus, but also of the lower parts of the human respiratory system. The pain appears due to a strong "clogging" cough. In this case, the patient complains of chills, severe coughing, nausea, runny nose, fever and sweating. It is the temperature, runny nose, and chills that indicate a respiratory illness.

Diseases of the liver or pancreas. In this case, the patient has a pain in the heart area, he is sick, but does not vomit. Unpleasant sensations can also be observed under the ribs. If the gallbladder does not work properly, there is a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.

Why does a child's heart ache?

Heart palpitations and headaches are normal for growing children. Just in the process of maturation of a teenager, the heart and blood vessels develop unevenly, which leads to ailments. Typically, these symptoms manifest in very active and emotional children, and in calm and well-sleeping, this deviation is less common. After the child has stopped and calmed down, the pain usually passes.

In adolescence, if a child has a heartbeat, and these sensations are given to the left side of the chest and the armpit, then he most likely has vascular dystonia.

If the pain in the heart is observed during the period of illness with influenza or ARVI, then parents need to urgently consult a doctor, as this can lead to complications.

Dizziness, headache, nausea, heartaches indicate a serious illness. That is why the patient needs a doctor's consultation. The specialist will not only make the correct diagnosis, he will prescribe the necessary treatment for the speedy recovery of health.

Urgently need to call emergency room if:

  • nausea and pain in the heart department do not go away after a quarter of an hour.
  • unpleasant sensations do not disappear even after taking anesthetic.
  • the patient not only has a headache and heart pain, but also cold sweats and panic; the pressure rises or drops sharply.

It is possible to get rid of pain only after their cause has been established, that is, a diagnosis has been made.

In case of heart diseases, medications are prescribed to the patient, which improve the function of the main organ, as well as the composition and properties of blood.

If signs indicate a heart attack, then it is vital to go to the hospital. The chance of a quick recovery and life saving is increased if help is provided in the first 9-11 hours. Treatment is carried out only in a hospital under the supervision of specialists.

Vegetative dystonia involves a comprehensive treatment. Appointed sedatives, massages, physiotherapy and physical therapy.

If a respiratory disease has been identified, antibiotics or antiviral drugs are prescribed. No less important is the intake of vitamins. It is necessary to take precisely those antibiotics that the doctor prescribed, since he knows that he will have a better effect on the pathogen and can take into account many other factors.

For diseases of the liver or pancreas, a gastroenterologist examination is required. To get rid of nausea, you can take antiemetic drugs such as Zerukal or Zoloft.

Children should only be treated by a doctor. If babies have vomiting and diarrhea, then hospitalization is necessary, as this indicates an intestinal infection.

If the patient complains that his heart aches, he feels sick and dizzy, then he needs urgent examination. These symptoms can be signs of dangerous diseases, some of which can even lead to death. It must be remembered that the disease does not sleep and is actively developing, therefore, the sooner a person goes to the doctor, the more chances he has to recover and return to normal life.

More information about the causes of unpleasant symptoms can be found in the video, where an experienced cardiologist shares his personal experience and accumulated knowledge in the field of his specialization:

Heart failure

The disease is a complication of various kinds of pathologies. In heart failure, the main organ gradually loses its pump function.

Failure is caused by ischemic disease, arterial hypertension and cardiomyopathy. Rarely, pathology develops as a result of anemia, hyperthyroidism, and fever.

Symptoms depend on which area of ​​the organ is malfunctioning. May appear:

  • Cardiopalmus.
  • Cough.
  • Pallor of the skin.
  • Head migraine.
  • The liver increases.
  • Pain in the chest.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Nausea and vomiting result from pulmonary intoxication along with heart failure.

Tachycardia as a cause of nausea, pain in the heart

Tachycardia is not a disease, but a manifestation of many pathologies of the organ. The result is a rapid contraction of the muscles of the "motor". Tachycardia causes reductions in excess of 100 strokes per unit of time.

The condition is caused by stress, lack of air, increased physical exertion, as well as when taking certain medications. The reasons also include:

  • Acute and chronic heart failure.
  • Angina pectoris
  • Myocardial infarction.
  • The presence of heart defects.
  • Myocarditis of different origin.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Pericarditis.
  • Embolism.
  • Cardiosclerosis.
  • Endocarditis of bacterial origin.

Also causes are factors not related to heart disease. These include the disease:

  • Pheochromocytoma.
  • Malfunctions of the autonomic nervous system.
  • Endocrine disorders.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis.

Manifestations

With tachycardia, the symptoms directly depend on the disease along with which it developed. So a person notices:

  • Pain in the organ.
  • Insomnia.
  • A violation of taste.
  • Lack of air.
  • There is a weak pulse.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Pallor of the skin.
  • Headache.
  • Visual impairment.
  • Dyspnea.

A heart attack can occur due to circulatory disorders. If the blood supply is disrupted, then within 15 minutes necrosis of the area in which nutrition has occurred occurs.

The cause of heart attack is thrombosis of the arteries of the organ. The attack may occur as a result of rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. Other causes of heart attack:

  • Smoking, it disrupts blood vessels.
  • Obesity.
  • Low mobility.
  • Genetic predisposition to diseases.
  • Chronic high blood pressure.
  • Diabetes.
  • Improper nutrition.
  • An excess of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Regular stress.
  • Excessive physical activity.

With a heart attack, first of all, heart aches. Discomfort is acute and squeezing. Also, preinfarction can cause burning and burning to other parts of the body.

A sign of a heart attack may also occur at rest. Patients who have suffered a heart attack, observe that the discomfort does not disappear after taking nitroglycerin.

Patient with heart attack:

  • Nausea
  • Manifests discomfort in the stomach,
  • The heart rate is disturbed
  • There is sweating,
  • Rapid pulse,
  • Concerned about head migraines,
  • Dizzy
  • There is a tremor in the body,
  • Sensation of fainting.

Diseases of the digestive tract, causing nausea and discomfort in the heart

The pain associated with disorders in the digestive system, similar to the manifestations of various pathologies. So an unpleasant feeling in the heart and nausea may well appear. Other manifestations of gastrointestinal diseases:

  • General weakness.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Diarrhea or constipation.

A feature is only the longest duration of pain, and nausea ends with vomiting. So symptoms occur along with:

  • stomach ulcer,
  • diaphragmatic hernia,
  • rupture of the esophagus,
  • acute pancreatitis.

A rupture of the esophagus is a very dangerous pathology and requires immediate medical attention, as it is fatal.

Nausea and pain in the chest with bronchitis

Bronchitis is an acute inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. The patient's life changes dramatically with the development of pathology. In clinical pictures, there is a cough with the urge to vomit, temperature, difficulty breathing and chest pain associated with a constant load on the muscular system.

Causes of vomiting with bronchitis

The disease develops as a result of infection with viruses or bacteria. Also, bronchitis is caused by certain types of fungal organisms and allergens.

Choking and severe coughing can lead to vomiting. An adult rarely experiences an unpleasant symptom due to the stability of the immune system. What causes a symptom:

  • individual intolerance to drugs,
  • wrong diagnosis
  • allergic reaction to therapy.

An alarming sign is manifested in chronic bronchitis. In this case, cough occurs more often in the mornings and in dusty rooms.

Other manifestations of bronchitis

Along with nausea and pain in the heart, the previously observed symptoms are observed:

  • Severely dry cough.
  • Manifests chills.
  • Weakness and headache.

It is very important to cure bronchitis, since, turning into a chronic form, it lowers the immune system and violates the bronchial patency.

Pain in the heart and nausea in children

An alarming symptom in children arises from the same factors. A child has a certain number of diagnoses diagnosed more often than an adult.

  • Hearts of babies is superintensive blood supply. This is due to the uneven growth of the vessels and the organ itself. As a result, the region of the heart undergoes pain.
  • Chest can ache in mobile children. The nature of the pain coming from physical exertion. The vegetative system of the child is not fully formed and does not cope with the load. Therefore, a child who often has symptoms does not need to do intensive exercises.

Strongly beats and hurts the heart only during physical activity. At rest, it subsides.

The cause of pain can be vegetative dystonia. It is accompanied by a stabbing pain in the chest. Parents should also pay attention to the pain in the heart, which arose after a cold. Unpleasant sensations may indicate the development of rheumatism or myocarditis.

Non-cardiogenic

An unpleasant symptom is not associated with organ pathologies and is characterized by:

  • Stitching feelings.
  • Pain giving to the left hand when coughing.
  • Unpleasant sensations cause a sharp movement.
  • Nitroglycerin is not effective.
  • Have a permanent character.

Pain as a result of cardiac pathologies manifest itself as follows:

  • Feels heavy.
  • Periodic burning sensation in the region of the heart.
  • Feelings are squeezing.
  • Appear spontaneously.
  • Feelings of discomfort subside due to taking nitroglycerin.

In order to prevent relapses, you need to strictly monitor your lifestyle. Strong coffee and alcohol are not products for people suffering from heart disease.

For any unpleasant sensations, and especially in the area of ​​the main organ, you should consult a doctor. Only an experienced specialist can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the correct therapy.

What to do with pains in the heart, nausea and dizziness

The appearance of nausea, pain in the heart, vomiting, weakness should be considered carefully, these symptoms should not be left to chance, since they can have the most sad consequences. A qualified doctor and the modern level of diagnosis allows you to quickly determine the cause of the problems, and in the future to prescribe the necessary course of treatment. In each case, your treatment is prescribed, so you can not be treated on the advice of friends and neighbors.

Specialist necessarily, in addition to recommendations for the treatment of the underlying disease, prescribes therapy in order to cope with unpleasant symptoms. In addition, he gives advice on the organization of the daily routine, the necessary rest, the possibility of physical activity and the diet, which is worth adhering to.

Urgent medical care should be sought if the following terrible signs:

  • pain in the heart and nausea do not subside after taking nitroglycerin tablets,
  • in addition to nausea and pain in the heart, there is marked shortness of breath, very high blood pressure, cold sweat, unexplained anxiety, fear and anxiety,
  • duration of pain in the heart exceeds a quarter of an hour.

To get rid of nausea and chest pain is possible only after establishing the causes of their appearance. Since different pathologies require the use of different drugs and treatment methods.

When functional disorders of the heart and blood vessels should be taken means of reducing the pressure and normalize the work of the heart muscle. The therapeutic complex also includes drugs that positively affect the condition of the blood vessels and blood composition.

In vegetative-vascular dystonia, complex treatment is prescribed, including medications that improve the functioning of the nervous system, and sedatives. Other methods of treatment are prescribed, such as physiotherapy, therapeutic massage and physical education, reflexology, and so on.

Such a disease as myocardial infarction requires urgent medical care, which can be provided only in stationary conditions. The course of treatment, its duration and the means used depend on the individual data of the patient and the extent of the damage to the muscles of the heart. The chances of a favorable outcome increase significantly with timely (less than 10-12 hours) visit to a doctor.

Treatment of inflammatory pathologies of the respiratory system depends on the nature of the disease: viral or bacterial. In addition to antivirals or antibiotics, it includes vitamins, mucolytics, and detoxification therapy. It is important to choose the right antibiotic for treatment. Although there are broad-spectrum antibiotics with sufficiently high efficacy, the drugs prescribed by the results of microbiological analyzes are much more effective.

Diseases of the pancreas, liver and gallbladder require specific treatment to repair the affected organs. To get rid of nausea in such cases, take antiemetic drugs, such as zoloft, cerrucal or others. Be sure to carefully examine the patient.

Causes of pain in the heart

It must be clearly understood that the pain in the heart and nausea are, first of all, the alarm signals that make it clear to the person that vital organs are in grave danger, and the current situation requires the use of urgent measures. Anyway, the pain localized in the chest, nausea - symptoms of terrible diseases, they should not be ignored, because shortness of breath, feeling of weakness, fear, anxiety can appear with them.

Nausea, chest pain can simultaneously appear if several pathologies take place at once: cardiovascular and gastrointestinal tract. However, most often the pain, nausea have the following causes:

  • vascular dystonia,
  • heart failure,
  • heart attack (myocardial infarction),
  • pneumonia, bronchitis,
  • hypertensive crisis,
  • diseases of the liver, pancreas.

Vegetative dystonia is a common diagnosis in Russia, but in Sweden and Europe there is no such diagnosis. Similar conditions that manifest a large number of symptoms associated with dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system and neuroregulation in the Swedish medicine are referred to as somatoform disorders or dysfunctions (Somatoforma störningar, in the international classification of diseases has number F45).

Among the frequent symptoms of vegetative dystonia, people often find pain in the heart area, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, tachycardia, unstable blood pressure. The emerging symptoms speak more about mental than physical illness, and almost never lead to serious consequences, although they require careful examination and, possibly, adequate therapy.

Nausea, chest pain can be signs of heart failure. Anatomical changes of the heart muscle, a decrease in the physiological functions of the organ contribute to the appearance of edema in the chest, abdominal cavity, increased pressure inside the heart. All this leads to pain in the chest, as well as the occurrence of nausea.

A heart attack (myocardial infarction) is sometimes preceded by the appearance of pain in the heart and painful nausea in a few days. Similar symptoms are characteristic of the acute process of the development of the pathology of infarction. Vomiting, nausea, weakness, low blood pressure replace hypertension, tachycardia, with shortness of breath, fear and burning pain in the chest, there are not rare cases of fainting. Often, nausea is practically the only symptom of myocardial infarction, and the disease develops painlessly.

Sharp chest pains, nausea often accompany bronchitis and pneumonia. Pain in such cases occurs after a long unproductive cough due to over-voltage intercostal muscles. Nausea is a consequence of general intoxication due to the vital activity of microorganisms, medication. A sign that heart pain, nausea - these are symptoms of inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract is the presence of increased body temperature, chills, increased sweating.

A sharp jump in blood pressure is characterized by a hypertensive crisis. At the same time, patients experience pressure in the region of the heart, nausea, vomiting, which does not bring relief, dizziness.

In diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas, pain may be localized in the chest area, and frequent nausea without vomiting occurs. Often the pain is felt in the hypochondrium, bitterness in the mouth is possible.

Ischemic Heart Disease (CHD)

It is characterized by a pathological condition in which the coronary arteries are blocked or reduced in the lumen, and the lack of blood supply is fixed in the heart muscle.

The patient feels a burning, stabbing pain in the chest after exercise, which gradually disappears during the rest period. IHD causes discomfort in the form of:

  • shortness of breath
  • increased sweating
  • Irradiation of pain in the scapula, left arm, neck,
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • arrhythmias.

Therapy of coronary heart disease is based on medication, adherence to a special diet, restriction of physical activity.

Angina pectoris

Positioned as an affliction, manifested in the form of acute chest pain, the source of which is a lack of blood supply to the myocardium. Angina pectoris is considered a form of IHD. Risk factors include: hypertension, obesity, exorbitant physical exertion, bad habits, psycho-emotional stress. The patient feels:

  1. chest pain,
  2. shortness of breath
  3. nausea
  4. vomiting
  5. the presence inside the foreign object
  6. panic attacks.

In the treatment of angina pectoris effective: medications, special diet, exercise in acceptable amounts, traditional medicine recipes, refusal of alcohol and tobacco.

Heart attack

Is the initial form of myocardial infarction, in which there is a sudden violation of blood circulation and the development of the process of necrotization in the structure of the heart muscle. The list of the main causes of the pathological condition includes: lack of physical exertion for a long time, uncontrolled intake of non-steroidal drugs, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, dysmetabolic syndrome.

The patient is tormented by burning pains behind the sternum, which can give to the shoulder girdle and neck, he experiences difficulty breathing (shortness of breath). The intensification of the nausea and vomiting reflex attacks are not among the pronounced signs of cardiopulmonary pathologies, but indicate the presence of concomitant disorders related to the gastrointestinal system. Rehabilitation of patients with a disease that is fraught with death, includes drug therapy, surgery, physical therapy and diet.

Hypertensive crisis

Refers to pathological conditions, when there is a sharp increase in blood pressure, which leads to hypertonicity of blood vessels and increased blood circulation. Ailments of the central nervous system, liver, endocrine system, hormonal disruptions are common factors in the development of a hypertensive crisis.

At risk are patients with obesity, abusing bad habits, regularly exposed to stress, experiencing excessive physical exertion. Symptoms of the disorder may include:

  • headache,
  • chills,
  • nausea (vomiting)
  • noise in ears,
  • discomfort in the heart,
  • flashing flies before his eyes.

Treatment of hypertensive crisis is based on the appointment of pharmacological agents, diet and exercise.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD)

It belongs to the category of functional disorders related to the regulation of the respiratory, cardiovascular (less commonly) systems. IRR is not considered a separate disease, representing a complex of symptomatic manifestations indicating the presence of mental and somatic ailments.

Nervous stress (depression, stress), genetic predisposition, alcohol abuse, debilitating physical exertion / sedentary lifestyle - the main factors that create a fertile ground for the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia. The patient may feel:

  1. heartache,
  2. malaise,
  3. headache,
  4. nausea
  5. cardiopalmus,
  6. drops of blood pressure,
  7. insomnia

The IRR therapy is aimed at restoring the patient’s physical and psycho-emotional state.

Disorders of the pancreas and liver

Certain types of pathologies related to the dysfunction of these digestive organs may be accompanied by painful sensations in the chest.The deterioration of the liver leads to impaired circulation of biologically active elements through the vessels and an increase in the concentration of substances with vasodilating effect. Cirrhosis (poor-quality protein synthesis and impaired electrolyte metabolism) creates a fertile ground for the development of heart pathologies.

Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) can aggravate angina / tachycardia and provoke an exacerbation of dangerous pathologies. The patient feels severe pain behind the sternum, in which it is difficult to determine which organ is actually affected (heart, stomach, liver, kidneys). As additional symptoms of pancreatitis, it should be noted: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, belching, blanching of the skin. Therapy for pathologies of the liver and pancreas, manifested by pain in the heart and nausea, includes the administration of medicines and a special diet.

Distinctive signs of heartache from other colic

Diseases affecting the main organ of the human body, almost always accompanied by pain syndromes in the left side of the chest. If the discomfort from the heart area is transmitted to the neck, shoulder or chin, then the likelihood of myocardial infarction is great. The pain is long lasting.

With angina pectoris, colic disappears in 15–20 minutes: they are activated at the same time of day (after exercise). Pericarditis is characterized by gradually increasing pain (from slight tingling to acute cardialgia). The discomfort increases during the period of swallowing food, after changing the position of the body and performing active movements. The unpleasant syndrome is relieved if the patient presses his legs to his chest or lies on his right side.

Common signs of heart colic are as follows:

  • the pain is burning, piercing, oppressive, shooting through,
  • pain increases after mental and physical stress,
  • pain radiates to adjacent areas of the body (arm, neck, jaw).

Chest discomfort is relieved by taking nitroglycerin and prescribing a rest regimen.

The lack of air in cardiac pathologies occurs after physical activity or overeating. Colic in the region of the heart is accompanied by another unpleasant symptom - tissue edema: at the initial stage, the swelling of the legs or abdomen is barely noticeable, but over time, the size and localization of pastosity increases. A characteristic feature of the pathologies of the heart is snoring and respiratory arrest during sleep.

Heart pain and nausea in children

Small patients are not less disturbed by symptoms than adults. In children of the age group of 5-7 years, the heart muscle works in an enhanced mode, which is associated with the active growth and development of blood vessels: the child feels discomfort in the chest. For physiological reasons, the pulse of a fidget and hyperactive babies can go off-scale: the heart rate returns to normal when the child rests and calms down.

The risk factors that provoke chest pain and nausea in children and adults are the same: neurosis, digestive system disorders, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, vegetative diseases, infectious pathologies. With an IRR in a child, colic in the heart and discomfort in the epigastric region can begin without physical exertion. Neurotic conditions are accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the chest, anxiety and anxiety.

When an infectious disease (streptococcus, staphylococcus) is diagnosed in a baby, the heart can get sick 1-2 weeks after the virus enters the body. Discomfort can be felt in the left side / along the center of the chest and can be transformed into adjacent areas of the body (shoulder, neck, jaw): the pain is short-lived, but piercing in nature.The pediatrician is obliged to carefully examine the child's body (ECG, ultrasound of the heart, digestive organs, blood test), determine the symptoms and assign the optimal treatment.

Treatments for heart pain and nausea

Elimination of chest discomfort and epigastrium is based on complex therapy, which includes: prescribing a specific set of medications, a special regimen / diet, using herbal medicine recipes, strict adherence to the day and rest regimen, limiting / enhancing physical activity. Together, these rehabilitation methods provide the maximum effect of recovery.

Medications

In the treatment of pathologies, manifested by pain in the chest and nausea, it is recommended to use:

  1. beta blockers (restore the contractility of the myocardium - "Carvitol", "Betalol", "Serdol"),
  2. glycosites (eliminate pain syndrome - "Izolanid", "Celanid", "Digoxin"),
  3. peripheral vasodilators (contribute to the expansion of blood vessels - "Central", "Cardiket", "Sustak"),
  4. calcium channel blockers (they improve metabolism and activate bioenergetic processes in cells - “Verapamil”, “Diakordin”).

Important! In case of sudden pain in the heart, “Nitroglycerin” is used: the drug is quickly absorbed into the blood, dilates blood vessels and eliminates colic in the chest.

When VSD prescribed: nootropic drugs ("Paracetam", "Glycine"), tsebroangiokorrektory ("Stugeron", "Kavinton"), sedatives ("Valocordin", "Corvalol").

Ischemic heart disease is treated with: beta-adrenoblakator ("Vazokardin", "Niperten"), antiplatelet agents ("Atsekardol", "Trombol"), anticoagulants ("Heparin", "Coumarin"), cholesterol-lowering drugs ("Lovastin", "Fenofin", "Foprofin", "Fouofin", "choparin", cholesterol-lowering drugs ("Lovastin", "Fofofin", "Fofofin", "Fofofin", "Coumarin"). ), diouretics (“Indapamide”, “Furasimide”).

Symptoms of angina pectoris are eliminated: beta-blockers ("Oxprenolol," Carvedelol "), lipid-lowering drugs (" Cholestyramine "," Simvastatin "), calcium antagonists (" Bepredil "," Diltiazem ").

In the event of a heart attack, they are prescribed: thrombolytics ("Warfarin", "Tromboass"), anticoagulants, beta-blockers, nitrates ("Sustonit", "Nitroderm"), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors ("Ramipril", "Cironapril").

ethnoscience

Phytotherapeutic means and recipes of non-traditional methods of treatment help to get rid of heart rabbit and nausea. Healers and traditional healers recommend using:

  • decoction of motherwort and hawthorn (15 g of raw materials are brewed in a thermos (0.75 l), the drink is drawn for 2 hours and filtered, take: 30 g for half an hour before meals),
  • decoction of the healing collection (field horsetail (20 g), mountaineer bird (30 g), hawthorn flowers (50 g) are poured with boiling water (0.5 l), the mixture is left for 3-4 hours and filtered, take 2 tbsp. 5-6 once a day),
  • a mixture of horseradish and honey (ingredients in the amount of 10 g are mixed and infused for 1 hour, the medicine is taken once a day, 30 ml and washed down with water),
  • garlic tincture (300 g of crushed raw material with a mushy consistency, pour 0.2 l of alcohol, the beverage is covered with a lid and placed in a dark place for 10 days, take 5-10 ml after a meal).

Important! The use of each phytotherapy prescription for medicinal purposes includes a preliminary consultation with a doctor: certain types of herbs and plants can be a source of allergy.

Prevention

Reduce the likelihood of pathologies, signs of which are pain in the heart area and discomfort in the epigastric region, you can if:

  1. adhere to the principles of healthy eating (vegetables, fruits and dishes rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (red fish, seafood) prevail in the diet, fried, spicy, smoked and salty foods are excluded),
  2. to do physical exercises
  3. give up bad habits (alcohol, tobacco),
  4. control weight
  5. control blood cholesterol levels and blood pressure indicators,
  6. avoid stressful situations
  7. observe the optimal balance of time spent on work and rest (sleep at least 8 hours a day).

In order to prevent, it should be at least 2 times a year to be examined by specialized specialists (cardiologist, gastroenterologist) for the absence of pathologies relating to the cardiovascular and digestive systems of the body.

It is forbidden to ignore the symptoms of nausea and discomfort in the chest - it is necessary to determine the list of associated signs of pathology as accurately as possible and report them to your doctor. The patient is obliged not only to strictly adhere to all the recommendations of the specialist, but also to change the habitual mode of life, which is the key to the restoration of health.

Heart Disease: Symptoms

Heart diseases include conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, and congenital heart disease. Heart disease is the main cause of mortality in the world’s population. To prevent disease, it is advised to quit smoking, lower cholesterol, control high blood pressure, maintain normal weight, do physical exercises.

Heart Disease: Symptoms

Despite the fact that many heart abnormalities are similar in symptoms, any heart disease (coronary artery disease, heart attack) has its own specific symptoms. Symptoms depend on the type and severity of your heart condition. Learn to recognize your symptoms and situations that lead to their origin. Tell your doctor if you develop new symptoms, if they become more frequent or become more acute.

Coronary heart disease

The main symptom is angina pectoris. With angina, an inconvenience, a feeling of heaviness, pressure, aching pain, a burning sensation, compression, a feeling of pain in the chest area are noted. It may be confused with indigestion or heartburn. In most cases, the symptoms of angina pectoris are localized in the chest, but they will also spread to the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw or back.

With coronary heart disease, other symptoms can occur:

  • Dyspnea
  • Pumping heartbeat or a scuffing feeling in the chest
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Feeling weak or dizzy
  • Nausea
  • Sweating

Heart attack (myocardial infarction):

  • Feeling of discomfort, pressure, heaviness, pain in the chest, arm, or under the sternum
  • Inconvenience, giving to the back, jaw, throat or arm
  • The feeling of heaviness in the stomach, indigestion, feeling of suffocation (like heartburn)
  • Sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness
  • Total weakness, anxiety, shortness of breath
  • Accelerated or irregular heartbeat

In a heart attack, symptoms in most cases last 30 minutes. either longer and do not weaken in a state of calm or at the end of oral medication (oral medication). The initial symptoms can manifest as small discomfort, which progresses to acute pain over time.

Some people do not have a heart attack (silent myocardial infarction). Silent myocardial infarction can happen to anyone, but diabetics are more susceptible to it.

If you think you are having a heart attack, DO NOT DELAY. Call the emergency number. The faster the treatment, the less damage is done to your heart.

When arrhythmia symptoms may be as follows:

  • A fast heartbeat, a sense of shuffling, trembling, a feeling that your heart is running away)
  • Chest palation
  • Dizziness, fainting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dyspnea
  • Breast inconvenience
  • Weakness tiredness

Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia. Most people experience one of a couple of such symptoms:

  • Palpitization of the heart (an unexpected feeling of tingling, trembling, acceleration of the heart)
  • Lack of energy fatigue
  • Dizziness (fainting)
  • Discomfort in the chest (pain, pressure)
  • Dyspnea (respiratory failure during simple activities)

In some patients with atrial fibrillation, symptoms are absent. From time to time these episodes can be short-lived.

Heart valve disease

Symptoms of heart valve disease can be:

  1. Shortness of breath and / or inability to take a breath. You have the opportunity to feel it, while you are active (doing simple activities) or while you are lying prostrate in bed.
  2. Weakness or dizziness
  3. Discomfort in the chest. You have the opportunity to feel pressure or heaviness in the chest in a state of activity or going out into the cold
  4. Palpitation (accelerated heart rate, irregular, fast heartbeat or chest shuffling)

If valve disease leads to heart failure, symptoms may include:

  1. Swelling of the ankles, feet, abdomen. Puffiness other than this can occur in the abdomen, leading to a feeling of bloating
  2. Rapid weight gain (weight gain 2-3 pounds per day)

Symptoms do not always correspond to the severity of valve disease. Acute valve disease, which requires immediate treatment, may be asymptomatic. Or, on the contrary, with acute symptoms (for example, in the case of mitral valve prolapse), research data can show a mild form of valve disease.

In heart failure, the following symptoms occur:

  • Dyspnea in a state of activity (in most cases) or calm, especially while you are lying prostrate in bed.
  • Wet cough with white sputum
  • Rapid weight gain (weight gain of 2-3 pounds per day)
  • Puffiness of ankles, legs and abdomen
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue weakness
  • Accelerated or irregular heartbeat
  • Nausea, palpitation, chest pain

As with valve disease, the symptoms of heart failure do not always relate to how weak your heart is. You have the opportunity to have a large number of symptoms and, along with this, only a little weakened cardiac function. Or, on the contrary, with no jokes, the affected heart will experience minor symptoms or by and large do not feel anything.

Congenital heart defect

Congenital heart defects can be diagnosed before birth, immediately after birth, in adolescence or in the period of maturity. It is possible to have a flaw and not to feel any signs along with it. In their absence, the lack of it is sometimes possible to diagnose because of the heart murmur during a physical examination or in the case of deviations on the basis of an ECG or chest X-ray.

In adults, if the symptoms are still present, they can be:

  • Dyspnea
  • Limited exercise performance performance
  • Symptoms of heart failure (see above) or valve disease (see above)

Congenital heart disease in babies and children:

  • Cyanosis (bluish color of skin, fingernails, fingernails, lips)
  • Accelerated breathing and refusal to feed
  • Minor weight gain
  • Recurrent lung infections
  • Inability to perform physical exertion

Heart muscle damage (cardiomyopathy)

Many people who have affected the heart muscle, do not experience any signs (or they are insignificant) and live a full life. In other people, symptoms can develop, progress, and worsen because heart function deteriorates.

Symptoms can occur at any age and include:

  • Pain or pressure in the chest (in most cases, occurs during exercise or activity, however, may occur in a state of calm or at the end of the meal)
  • Symptoms of heart failure (see above)
  • Puffiness of the lower limbs
  • Fatigue
  • Fainting
  • Palpitations (chest palpation due to abnormal heart rhythms)

Some people have besides this arrhythmia. They can lead to the unexpected death of a small number of patients with cardiomyopathy.

Symptoms of pericarditis include:

  • Chest pain that is good for angina (pain due to coronary heart disease). It is possible acute and localized in the center of the chest. The pain may be in the neck and in some cases in the arms and back. Symptoms worse when lying down, with a deep breath, coughing or swallowing. Relief comes from sitting upright
  • Slight increase in temperature
  • Accelerated Heart Rate

Because many of the symptoms associated with one or another heart disease are similar to each other, a visit to a doctor is of paramount importance in order to make a correct diagnosis and prescribe an immediate treatment.

Diagnosis and study

At a time when risk factors are turning into heart disease? To diagnose this type of disease, the following studies are used.

The first step is to see a doctor. He can assign you the following:

  • ECG
  • Chest x-ray
  • Load test
  • Tint table test (used to diagnose syncope)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Coronary angiogram (in other words, cardiac catheterization)
  • Electrophysiological Testing
  • CT scan of the heart
  • Myocardial biopsy
  • MRI of the heart
  • Pericardial puncture

Nausea and heartache

Pain and discomfort in the region of the heart is a warning sign. Thus, diseases that present a serious danger to human health and life are often manifested. Heart pain and nausea often occur together. How should one act in such a situation, and what pathologies can these symptoms indicate?

Nausea

Diseases that cause nausea are very diverse and may be associated with the digestive, nervous, reproductive, cardiovascular, and endocrine systems.

Most often nausea develops in connection with the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, including:

1. acute surgical diseases: peritonitis, appendicitis, acute pancreatitis, acute intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, acute cholecystitis,

2. chronic diseases: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hernia of the esophageal orifice of the diaphragm, gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, enterocolitis, duodenitis, cholelithiasis, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome (irritable bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome (irritable bowel disease, ulcerative colitis), irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis), irritable bowel syndrome, gallstone disease, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis), irritable bowel syndrome, cholelithiasis, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis), irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal ulcer, gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD) ,

3. malformations of the digestive tract: narrowing of the pylorus (stenosis), fusion of the gastrointestinal tract (atresia), defects in the development of the pancreas,

4. infections of the gastrointestinal tract: viral gastroenteritis, food toxicoinfection, helminth infections,

5. foreign bodies of the stomach, esophagus, intestines,

6. functional disorders associated with impaired movement of the stomach and intestines,

7. liver diseases (hepatitis, liver cirrhosis),

8. food intolerance or food allergies.

In addition to the disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea can be caused by diseases of other organs and systems:

1. Diseases of the central nervous system: tumors and brain injuries, brain infections (encephalitis, meningitis), increased intracranial pressure.

2. Diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction.

3. Diseases of the inner ear: Meniere's disease, labyrinthitis.

4. Diseases of the endocrine system: diabetes mellitus - ketoacidosis, thyrotoxicosis, adrenal insufficiency, phenylketonuria.

5. Kidney diseases (urolithiasis, renal failure),

Cancer treatment (chemotherapy and radiation therapy), electrolyte imbalance, and migraine are accompanied by nausea.

Nausea can be a manifestation of such urgent conditions as poisoning, diabetic ketoacidosis, bowel obstruction, hemorrhage in the brain, acute cardiovascular pain, renal failure, hepatic failure, sepsis.

Most often, nausea does not appear independently, but in combination with other symptoms: abdominal pain, belching, diarrhea, increased gas formation, dyspepsia, vomiting, muscle pain, dizziness, severe fatigue, fever and chills, headache, yellowness of the skin and sclera.

Particular attention should be paid to the combination of nausea with the following symptoms: black stools or the presence of blood in the stool, the presence of blood in the vomit, severe abdominal pain, shortness of breath, fainting, impaired consciousness, high body temperature (more than 38.5 ° C), rapid pulse, frequent shallow breathing, severe headache stiff neck. The appearance of these symptoms indicates the development of a life-threatening condition, which, if detected, requires immediate medical attention. Also, be sure to see a doctor with nausea after suffering a head injury.

Examination of a patient with nausea.

Nausea is a nonspecific symptom of many diseases, therefore, diagnostic value is only in conjunction with other signs of the disease (for example, signs of irritation of the peritoneum in acute appendicitis).

To determine the direction of the survey it is necessary to conduct an active survey of the patient. So, if nausea is accompanied by other dyspeptic manifestations (belching, a feeling of heaviness in the epigastric region, etc.) and the relationship between the occurrence of nausea and food intake is revealed - diseases of the digestive system (gastritis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, gastric tumor, etc.) should be assumed and conduct a gastroenterological examination, with a combination of nausea and headache, sensitivity disorders or movements, a neurological examination is necessary, etc.

They clarify what medicines the patient took. Drugs that often cause nausea and vomiting include: analgesics, cardiovascular drugs, hormonal drugs, antibiotics, drugs that act primarily on the central nervous system, and antitumor drugs. Drug use or withdrawal can also cause nausea or vomiting. If drug withdrawal is accompanied by the disappearance of nausea, it can be considered that this disorder is associated with drug intake, however, it is necessary to ensure that there are no symptoms for a considerable period of time after discontinuation of the drug.

An objective examination reveals a "sharp stomach" and other life-threatening conditions. If the cause of nausea is not established, then conduct a laboratory examination:

1. complete blood count (possible anemia, leukocytosis, accelerated ESR in gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, etc.),

2. electrolytes, urea, creatinine (studied to diagnose kidney function and evaluate water and electrolyte abnormalities),

3. biochemical indicators of liver function: ALT (alanine aminotransferase), AST (aspartate aminotransferase), gamma - glutamyl transpeptidase, total blood protein level, blood albumin, bilirubin),

4. blood glucose (normal values ​​3.3–5.5 mmol / l, an increase in the level of glucose indicates the likelihood of diabetes mellitus)

5. biochemical indicators of pancreatic function: alpha-amylase enzyme, lipase enzyme,

6. antibodies to Helicobacter pylori (for the detection of gastric ulcer associated with Helicobacter pylori infection),

7In the analysis of feces in the diagnosis of diseases of the digestive organs, the amount, consistency and shape, color, odor, impurities, mucus, pH are estimated, the blood content, bilirubin, stercobilin, protein,

8. The study of intestinal microflora is carried out in the diagnosis of intestinal dysbiosis.

The plan for further examination depends on the patient's age and clinical manifestations. It should be especially careful if nausea and vomiting are noted for a long time.

In women of childbearing age, it is necessary to conduct pregnancy tests.

Sometimes you need a general urinalysis, toxicological research, crops, as well as a study of the function of the endocrine glands (TSH and thyroid hormone levels, cortisol levels in the morning on an empty stomach).

To exclude diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the liver and biliary tract perform a survey radiography of the abdominal cavity, the study of the stomach and intestines with barium, ultrasound of the abdominal organs, CT and endoscopic examinations.

FEGD (fibrogastroduodenoscopy) is intended primarily to exclude obstruction, gastric or duodenal ulcer, or other organic pathology.

Colonoscopy is necessary to detect ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, chronic non-ulcerative colitis, if a tumor is suspected.

pH - metry carried out to study the secretory function of the stomach with suspected gastritis, peptic ulcer.

Rectomanoscopy is used for rectal diseases.

If neurological disorders (migraine, increased intracranial pressure, inner ear pathology) are suspected, which can cause persistent or recurrent nausea, a clinical neurological examination should be performed, and intracranial pressure should be eliminated by examining the fundus of the brain or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain.

Sometimes, diagnosis requires esophageal manometry, daily esophageal pH-metry, a study of the motor and evacuation function of the stomach, and sometimes electrogastrography and a study of the motility of the small intestine.

If you suspect psychiatric diseases that cause permanent or recurrent nausea, anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, consult a psychiatrist.

Nausea treatment

Since nausea is a symptom, its treatment depends on the cause of the disease or the underlying disease. If you suspect a disease, it is important not to self-medicate, as nausea can be associated with emergency conditions or the initial manifestation of severe pathology, which require immediate treatment to the doctor and the beginning of specific treatment under medical supervision.

If the cause is not related to the disease, it is necessary to eliminate the effect of the harmful factor as quickly as possible (sun, smoke, excess food).

In case of seasickness, it is possible to use scopalamine as a skin patch 5-6 hours before the start of the journey.

During pregnancy, rest and rest are recommended; meklozin may be used orally with 25 mg 2 times a day or 50 mg in candles.

To eliminate nausea in such cases, the use of folk remedies is possible:

• With nausea and vomiting in pregnant women, it is recommended, and there are often little by little. In the morning, drink only water with lemon or a little sweetened juice, eat crackers.

• A proven remedy for nausea is green tea.

• Grate ginger root on a grater, add to dishes.

• Before eating drink 0.25-0.5 tablespoons of fresh potato juice.

• Pour a glass of boiling water a tablespoon of peppermint leaf. Let it brew for two hours. Tincture taken in a tablespoon three times a day.

• Boil a teaspoon of dill seeds in 200 ml of water. Take in case of poisoning, indigestion.

• Pour a glass of boiling water with 4 teaspoons of dry chopped herb balm. Insist for several hours. Drink before meals four times a day for ½ cup.

• Pour 400 ml of cold water with two teaspoons of a three-leaf watch, insist for eight hours. Consume within 24 hours. Used with nausea to stimulate digestion.

Possible complications

In some cases, if untreated, nausea can lead to complications such as dehydration (disruption of the body's water and electrolyte balance) and nutritional deficiencies in the body. As a rule, this is due to the inability to retain water or food in the body, as well as lack of appetite.

Symptomatology during pregnancy

One of the first signs of pregnancy is nausea and chest pain. Such symptoms occur in the first 2-7 weeks of the period.

Some women do not face the problem of feeling nausea at all, but, unfortunately, most expectant mothers are less fortunate.

Why during pregnancy hurts breasts? It's all about the growth of the mammary glands. A woman's body is actively preparing for motherhood.

The growth of the mammary glands is accompanied by discomfort in the chest. If a pregnant girl has a chest pain, there is no reason to panic. This is a normal physiological transformation.

These two symptoms, manifested in a girl, are highly likely to indicate her pregnancy.

However, if the symptoms arose during menstruation or menopause, the woman could not get pregnant, therefore, the reason for her occurrence in another.

Let's talk more about nausea that occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy. This disease is almost always accompanied by vomiting. In most cases, the girl faces him in the morning.

After a sharp rise from the bed, she may feel dizzy and start feeling nausea. What else is accompanied by this ailment?

When an expectant mother becomes sick, her appetite decreases, her olfactory and gustatory sensations change. These changes occur as a result of the disruption of the normal functioning of the central nervous system.

However, if a girl has a chest pain during pregnancy and often feels nauseous, her digestive function may be impaired.

With such symptoms, the expectant mother has increased salivation. This phenomenon is fraught with dramatic weight loss.

A woman in a position that has a vomiting urge as a result of improper nutrition should understand that it cannot be suppressed.

The fact is that, together with the vomitus, a pathogenic toxin is released from its body, which, after it has entered the stomach, has provoked the disease.

Therefore, it is important not only not to stop vomiting, but, on the contrary, to provoke it. However, if nausea is not a consequence of overeating or food poisoning, then it is not necessary to provoke vomiting.

What else is associated with such symptoms

When a person has a chest pain and, at the same time, there is a desire to vomit - this does not always indicate the presence of a disease. Perhaps the occurrence of this disease was the result of the banal indigestion of food.

If a person has a chest pain, it does not mean that he may have heart failure or stroke.

Often discomfort in the chest area indicates ailments associated with dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.

If this symptom manifests itself systematically - this is a reason to undergo a medical examination.

Before you begin effective treatment of the disease, accompanied by discomfort in the chest and an unpleasant feeling in the upper abdomen, it is necessary to determine the exact cause of these symptoms.

The nature of the body is such that any pain that occurs in a particular part of the body signals about various diseases. Therefore, it is important not to ignore the discomfort, especially if they occur regularly.

The main causes of this symptoms

  1. Diseases of the digestive tract. A patient with a rupture of the esophagus, intestinal colic, gastric ulcer, acute pancreatitis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, often chest pain. Any of these ailments is accompanied by a feeling of nausea after each meal.
  2. Diseases of the respiratory system. We are talking about such diseases as tuberculosis, bronchitis, inflammation of the pleura, etc. With these ailments, the patient's chest is very sore. Discomfort is aching in nature. Also, besides the pain syndrome and feelings of nausea, the patient has difficulty breathing. Excreted sputum may contain blood impurities. With tuberculosis, the patient's body temperature rises.
  3. Heart Disease. Such symptoms occur in the case of pancreatitis. The patient has frequent pain. With an aortic aneurysm, the pain is localized in the upper chest.
  4. Psychogenic illnesses. Discomfort in the stomach and chest pain occur in cardiac neurosis. The pain is aching in nature. It is localized in the region of the heart. With cardiac neurosis, the patient develops nausea, the face becomes red, the blood pressure rises, anxiety increases.

A patient suffering from this disease may complain of fatigue, weakness and body aches.

And now let's talk more about each of the groups of the above diseases, which provoke discomfort in the stomach and chest.

Heart disease

When a patient has nausea and chest pain, he may have heart disease.

As for nausea, accompanied by emetic urge, it can occur during a heart attack and with obstruction of the coronal artery.

  • Aortic aneurysm. This disease is characterized by the expansion of one of the bloodstream. This leads to severe pain, which is difficult to stop at home.
  • Obstruction in the coronary artery. An acute painful attack in the chest, accompanied by a feeling of faintness ¬ is a clear signal of obstruction in the coronary artery.

Since the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, there is a risk of myocardial infarction.

With a strong chest discomfort, the patient suffering from this disease, it is difficult to breathe. The patient's blood pressure rises sharply.

If a person with obstruction in the coronary artery does not help in time, a fatal outcome may occur.

Other symptoms of heart disease:

  1. Anxiety, irritability, fear.
  2. Pale skin.
  3. Vomiting.
  4. Shivering in body.
  5. Cough.
  6. Cold sweat on the body.
  7. Dizziness.
  8. Faint (not always).

Cholecystitis

Patients who develop this symptom are often diagnosed with cholecystitis. The pain in this disease is localized in the region of the heart.

Cholecystitis is characterized by the manifestation of such symptoms:

  • Prolonged pain in the region of the heart.
  • Discomfort is stabbing. The patient can not tolerate a painful attack.
  • Discomfort spreads to the left side of the chest.
  • Acute pain under the right edge.

Also, cholecystitis is accompanied by heartburn, headache and a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.

To stop a painful attack, patients diagnosed with cholecystitis resort to taking painkillers. Since the pain is spastic, spasmodics are prescribed to patients.

Patients are not recommended to self-medicate and prescribe medication for themselves. Only a doctor can do this.

Forecasting

Chest and stomach discomfort are not separate diseases. Such symptoms almost always indicate a serious illness, which must be treated immediately.

If any pathology develops inside the human body, it will make itself felt. In this case, you should go to the nearest point of medical care in order to be examined.

After a patient who has such symptoms, will pass all the relevant tests, he will be diagnosed.

Without a diagnosis, no doctor can prescribe the appropriate therapy to the patient.

A woman who has suffered with these symptoms, first of all, should do a pregnancy test.

If it turns out to be positive, then there is no reason for panic, as the manifestation of symptoms, such as chest pain and feeling of nausea, is normal during pregnancy.

It is necessary to treat this temporary illness as the first sign symbolizing the fact that the woman's body is preparing for the upcoming motherhood.

If, in addition to the recurring feelings of nausea and discomfort in the chest, a person develops symptoms such as fever, discomfort in other parts of the body, vomiting, then most likely it is a disease of one of his internal organs.

The internal organ may have been infected. In order to understand how to cure a patient, a doctor must diagnose a disease that has provoked a deterioration in his well-being.

With the onset of the above symptoms should not be postponed medical diagnosis.

If a person confronted with this ailment has a pathology associated with a malfunction of one of the internal organs, the lack of treatment can aggravate his condition.

Do not rule out cancer. In oncology, discomfort in the body appears at the last stage of the disease. In some cases, the patient requires immediate hospitalization.

Watch the video: Pity Little Sweet Heart Vomiting, cannot Eat food Much coz her stomach do not except (December 2019).