Intestines

What kind of medicine to drink for intestinal pain: a list of pills

I have a stomachache? Tablets are an effective and fast way to get rid of such pains. However, not in all cases and situations, the intake of various drugs in tablet form has a positive effect. Sometimes it can lead to negative consequences and only aggravate the condition. When and what pills can you take for stomach pains? Let's talk further.

What are the pills for abdominal pain?

A variety of diseases and pathologies can manifest themselves as pains in the abdominal area. For quick relief of pain, people often resort to using pills from the abdomen, which can be of different kinds. The main groups of drugs for abdominal pain - this:

NSAIDs. This group of drugs has become very popular and in demand lately. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have a pronounced analgesic effect. Pain "subside" within 30-40 minutes after their admission.

The most common NSAIDs: Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Piroxicam, Naproxen etc. Such drugs should be taken shortly before a meal, squeezed with plenty of water. Despite its benefits and effectiveness, nonsteroidal drugs have a negative effect on the gastrointestinal organs, and therefore can be used for a short time - no more than 4-5 days.

NSAIDs have many contraindications, so before taking them it is useful to consult with a specialist.

Antispasmodics. Tablets from this drug group can be used both independently and in combination with NSAIDs. Acceptance of antispasmodics allows you to quickly remove the spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs, due to which it is possible to achieve partial or complete relief of pain.

As a rule, antispasmodics are used for a short time, no more than two days. Such drugs for abdominal pain should be abandoned to people suffering from renal and heart failure, glaucoma, and allergies to individual components of drugs.

Analgesics. Drugs directed action, which allow to get rid not only of abdominal pain, but also from other types of pain (headache, menstrual, muscle, bone, etc.). Do not eliminate the cause of pain, but only “mask” it, removing the pain syndrome only for a while.

If abdominal pain is caused by problems and malfunctions of the digestive tract and is accompanied by accompanying symptoms (heartburn, bowel distention, reflux, etc.), tablets of the following groups will help to cope with it:

  • Myotropic antispasmodics. They relieve spasms that occur in the smooth muscles of the large and small intestines.
  • Antacids. Drugs that improve intestinal function by reducing stagnant processes in it help to fight increased gas production.
  • Anticholinergics. A group of drugs that provides an analgesic effect due to the impact on the autonomic nervous system, which, in turn, has a direct impact on the work of the digestive tract.
  • Enzymes for Digestion. Improve the processes of digestion and assimilation of food.

For different types of abdominal pain, different pills are used. Only a doctor can select the most suitable drug, having previously established the cause of such pain.

The most popular and effective pills for abdominal pain

Most often, in the event of abdominal pain, the following drugs are used:

  • "Spazmalgon". Demanded and quite effective remedy for pain in pill form, which has not only analgesic, but also a slight anti-inflammatory effect. What else helps "Spasmalgon" - find out here.
  • "No-shpa". Tablets that reduce cramps in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, primarily in the intestine. “No-shpa” lowers blood pressure, which is why it is not recommended for pregnant women, hypotensive women, as well as people with liver and kidney problems.
  • "Ranitidine". The drug, which reduces the amount of hydrochloric acid secreted in the gastric juice. Prevents the development of peptic ulcer disease, helps to fight with increased vomiting and nausea.
  • Omez. Tablets that are well proven. To relieve pain in case of problems with the pancreas, stomach ulcer, reflux. The drug has a slight analgesic effect and helps to reduce the acidity of gastric juice.
  • "Tserukal". Effective means of improving intestinal motility, reducing such a negative phenomenon as flatulence.
  • "Festal", "Pancreatin", "Creon". Enzymes that promote better digestion and assimilation of food.

The pharmaceutical industry offers the widest range of various abdominal pain pills that quickly relieve the unpleasant pain and associated symptoms.

Pills for abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating

Very often, pain in the abdomen occurs against a background of problems with the stomach and / or intestines. Before you start taking any drugs, you should accurately determine the location of pain.

Pain in the lower abdomen, accompanied by a disorder of the stool (diarrhea), bloating, increased flatulence, usually indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in certain sections of the large intestine.

In such a situation, the attending physician may recommend taking the following drugs: "Mezim", "Linex", "Gastal", "Motilium", "Allohol", "Trimedat" And others. In addition to treatment with pills, the patient is recommended to have a sparing diet, which provides for the rejection of products invoking fermentation processes in the intestines, swelling, the formation of gases.

Diet and treatment for problems with the gastrointestinal tract should be aimed at relaxing the bowel and its timely emptying, elimination of pain, associated symptoms.

In case of marked pains in the stomach and intestines, antispasmodics can be recommended for use, improving blood circulation processes in the gastrointestinal tract organs, ensuring smooth muscle relaxation - Papaverin, Mebeverin, Halidor other.

Tablets for painful menstruation

Menstrual pain is the most common cause of pain in the abdomen in women and girls. Doctors say that such pains can occur for various reasons. Most often - against the backdrop of hormonal disorders. To help cope with them can only painkillers.

Most often, abdominal pain during menstruation occurs against the background of other unpleasant symptoms:

  • diarrhea,
  • migraine,
  • bleeding
  • a slight increase in body temperature.

If the pain is caused by the presence of tumors in the reproductive organs or serious gynecological diseases and pathologies, then taking conventional painkillers is ineffective.

The hormonal pains, as well as the pain syndrome arising on the background of the inflammatory process during menstruation, are well controlled by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For women who regularly suffer from abdominal pain during menstruation, the doctor may recommend starting to take NSAIDs a few days before the onset of menstrual bleeding, without waiting for the occurrence of severe pain.

The most common NSAIDs in menstrual pain - Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen, Naproxen, Indomethacin. Nonsteroidal drugs are not recommended to take when exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney problems.

In addition to NSAIDs, menstrual pain can be used antispasmodics: "Spazmalgon", "Papaverin", "No-Shpa", "Spazgan". The doctor will recommend to refuse such drugs to women suffering from low blood pressure, allergies, renal failure.

Effective analgesics for pain during menstruation are considered “Analgin”, “Baralgin”, “Novalgin”, “Ketanov”, “Ketonal”.

Pills for abdominal pain during pregnancy

Everyone is well aware that pregnant women are not recommended to take any medications while carrying a child without first ascertaining the causes of pain and consulting a doctor. Abdominal pain is no exception.

Most often, pregnant women complain of pain in the stomach. If they are really caused by problems with the gastrointestinal tract, the doctor will first recommend:

  • stick to a special diet
  • give up salty, spicy, sweet,
  • eliminate from the diet strong tea and coffee,
  • minimize the consumption of any "heavy" food,
  • switch to fractional and frequent meals,
  • Include herbal teas in your daily diet (based on chamomile, St. John's wort, etc.).

If the above measures do not give a positive effect, and the pregnant woman continues to complain of abdominal pain, a specialist can prescribe the following medications: "Maalox", "Almagel", "Fosfalyugel", "Actimel". They improve the processes of digestion, relieve such unpleasant symptoms as heartburn, reflux, heaviness in the stomach, increased gas formation, etc.

With severe abdominal cramps, pregnant women are allowed to take "No-Shpu".

An effective remedy for abdominal pain in pregnant women is a popular "Paracetamol". The drug belongs to the category of NSAIDs, has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Numerous studies have shown that these pills do not have a negative impact on the fetus, during pregnancy.

Abdominal pain in a child: coping at one, two, three

If a child complains of abdominal pain, before giving him a pill, you should find out what caused the pain. Uncontrolled intake of painkillers in children can turn out to be very deplorable consequences for a growing body: deterioration of the condition up to hospitalization (for example, in case of inflammation of appendicitis).

Doctors say that a child can be offered to drink a painkiller pill only if the pain in the abdomen is not too pronounced, while the body temperature is within the normal range, and no symptoms of intoxication are present.

Spasmolytics and analgesics can be used once if the pain is caused by increased gas formation, spasm in the intestines, which arose against the background of improper diet, eating "harmful" foods (for example, fast food).

If a child complains of stomach pains in the stomach, then a tablet of digestive enzymes will help alleviate the condition: “Mezima "," Festala " etc. For intestinal cramps and colic, tablets such as “Riabal ”,“ Buskopan ”,“ Mebeverin ”. They improve intestinal motility, contribute to more rapid movement of food through the colon.

When should I call a doctor immediately?Abdominal pain in a child is accompanied by:

  • severe diarrhea,
  • a sharp rise in body temperature
  • vomiting and nausea
  • symptoms of general intoxication of the body.

Alternative to abdominal pain pills

If you have a stomachache, it is not necessary to grab the first-aid kit at the same time and take any pills. Initially, you can try to relieve pain by using the following methods:

  • Starvation. Doctors advise to take a horizontal position and for some time completely abandon the meal. With pancreatitis or problems with the gallbladder, fasting for the next 24 hours gives good results and allows you to reduce pain or get rid of it completely.
  • Drinking warm mineral water. A slightly heated, alkaline liquid without a gas of a slightly salty taste effectively relieves abdominal pain. Drink warm mineral water should be in small portions in large quantities and as often as possible.
  • Mint infusion. Doctors say that the pain caused by problems with the pancreas, inflammation of the gallbladder can be effectively removed by taking 30 drops of infusion.
  • Warm warmer. If the pain is not caused by an acute inflammatory process of the internal organs, then a warm (not hot) hot-water bottle on the abdomen will help to relax the muscles and relieve pain.
    During menstruation or exacerbation of any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, thermal procedures are contraindicated.
  • Milk with soda. Excellent remedy for abdominal pain, which arose against the background of increased acidity in the stomach or stomach ulcer. Preparation: for 1 cup of warm milk 0.5 teaspoons of baking soda.

As you can see, the modern pharmaceutical industry offers a lot of pills for abdominal pain. However, pills are not always a panacea. Sometimes their reception can cause irreparable harm to the body. To avoid this, you should find out the reasons for the appearance of pain in the abdomen and only after consulting with a doctor should you start taking any medications.

Pain in the abdomen can have different manifestations. The pain can be:

Pain syndrome may have associated symptoms: nausea, vomiting, intestinal upset, etc. Pain relief is helped by the use of analgesics, antispasmodics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Diagnosis of severe abdominal pain may indicate inflammation of the appendix, malignant tumors, severe intoxication due to poisoning or infection of an intestinal infection. In this case, it is especially important to avoid taking pills until the doctor arrives and an accurate diagnosis is made. In no case, with these types of pain to carry out self-treatment. This can not only affect the establishment of the exact cause of pain, but also greatly harm the further healing process. For pain in the abdomen before the arrival of the doctor, you can use local means of anesthesia: heat on the stomach, light massage, complete rest.

If the stomach hurts and it appears due to increased flatulence, spasms, reflux, changes in the acidity of the gastric juice, malfunctions in the digestive process, doctors appoint the main group of drugs that helps to eliminate these factors:

  • myotropic antispasmodic drugs help eliminate spasms of intestinal smooth muscle,
  • antacids normalize intestinal peristalsis, which helps to eliminate stagnation in it and remove the symptoms of increased gas formation,
  • anticholinergics have an antispasmodic and antacid effect by reducing the effect of the autonomic nervous system on the gastrointestinal tract,
  • digestive enzymes help in improving the processes of digestion.

For abdominal pains, the most sought-after and effective are:

  1. No shpa. Eliminates the spastic phenomenon in the gastrointestinal tract and spasm in the intestines, refers to myotropic antispasmodics. The drug lowers blood pressure. The drug is contraindicated in view of this property for pregnant and suffering from kidney and liver diseases.
  2. Spazmalgon is a tablet preparation containing anti-inflammatory components, as well as substances possessing the properties of myotropic antispasmodics and anticholinergics.
  3. Metoclopramide is a medicine that has a central effect. It normalizes intestinal motility, blocking specific brain receptors. The drug eliminates nausea and vomiting, but due to its lowering properties it cannot be used by people who work as drivers.
  4. Ranitidine. It prevents the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers, eliminates nausea and vomiting reflex. Contraindicated in pregnancy, children under 14 years of age and people suffering from renal failure.
  5. Omez. Belongs to the group of antacids that reduce the acidity of gastric juice. The effectiveness of this drug is pronounced with pancreatitis, peptic ulcer, gastric pain caused by reflux. You can not take this medicine during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  6. Drotaverinum - an antispasmodic.
  7. Rennie is an antacid.
  8. Reglan - a drug that normalizes intestinal motility, eliminates the symptoms of strong gas formation.

Modern pharmacology can offer a large list of tablets that help to remove the painful manifestation in the stomach.

In women, in most cases, menstrual pain is most common. According to the conclusions of doctors, this type of pain syndrome can have different causes, but the main ones are hormonal disorders. The hormones progesterone and estrogen are the main regulators of the menstrual cycle, therefore, irregularities in their production can turn into painful sensations, which only painkillers can help. As a rule, the characteristic signs of this condition are strong painful manifestations occurring with other disorders in the body: headache, diarrhea, fever, gag reflex, bleeding.

A drug taken to relieve a pain symptom will not have a lasting effect if the cause of this condition is an existing pathology of the urinary organs, tumors and diseases of the female genital organs. In this case, pills for abdominal pain will not be able to remove the main cause of pain. If the cause is hormonal disruption or inflammatory processes, then nonsteroidal remedies can help to eliminate discomfort, which the doctor recommends taking 2-3 days before the onset of menstruation. This enhances the effect of the drug. In this group of drugs, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen, Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Piroxicam are especially distinguished.

Contraindications to taking these pills are sensitivity to the individual components of the drug, exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases, kidneys, liver, pregnancy and breastfeeding. The second group of drugs that help with this type of pain syndrome are antispasmodics: No-shpa, Drotaverin, Papaverine, Halidor, Spazmalgon, Spazgan. Doctors can prescribe the replacement of these pills only if the patient has glaucoma, renal failure, allergies, low blood pressure.

Among the analgesics during menstruation helps Baralgin, Analgin, Pyretin, Novalgin, Ditsinon and others.

The cause of abdominal pain can be stomach problems. Before properly prescribing an effective medicine, the doctor diagnoses the location of the main painful manifestations. An assessment is also made of the nature of the pain, its duration. Soreness of the stomach is expressed in pain, which manifests itself in the lower part of the chest in the intercostal space. If its localization is observed in the lower abdomen and, besides it, the patient notices increased gas formation, a violation of the stool, then, most likely, the inflammatory processes of the lower parts of the large intestine became the cause of this condition.

In this case, the doctor prescribes not only what kind of pills to drink, but also recommends switching to a diet food that excludes the intake of carbohydrate-rich food that promotes bowel relaxation and increased flatulence. The list of pills prescribed by a doctor can include Linex, Allohol, Gastal, Mezim, Motilium, Penzital, Trimedat. What to take for pain and what to drink as an anesthetic? Papaverine, Halidor, Gimekromon, Mebeverin are prescribed. This group of antispasmodics, by acting on smooth muscle tissue, improves blood circulation in the stomach. Drugs reduce the activity of cells and affect the receptors of the nervous system. In addition, doctors may, if necessary, be assigned another group of antispasmodics, which include Atropine, Aprofen, Difacil.

5 Discomfort at the child

Before you give a child with painful manifestations in the abdomen medicine, you need to find out what caused the discomfort and pain. Do not immediately give a painkiller to your baby when he complains about pain. Such a step may lead to violations in the body, and in severe cases, cause of his hospitalization. It concerns an attack of appendicitis. If parents give a pill for abdominal pain during inflammation of the appendix, the pain may temporarily subside, but the inflammation process will not be eliminated and may lead to such serious consequences as peritonitis or sepsis. A child can be given a pill only if the stomach hurts, but there is no temperature and signs of intoxication of the body. Pills can be treated with diarrhea, which is a weak bowel disorder, but not diarrhea caused by intestinal intoxication.

As a single dose, it is allowed before the arrival of the doctor to give the baby a pill from the abdomen if he has increased flatulence or intestinal spasm caused by improper diet. With localization of pain in the upper abdomen, medications that contain enzymes can help him: Festal, Mezim, Penzital. The pain in the lower abdomen is eliminated by the use of drugs that relieve spasm in the intestines, improve the movement of food through it, and also eliminate bloating: Mebeverin, Fenicaberan, Buscopan, Riabal.

If a child complains of a feeling of heaviness and distention in the abdomen, it is better to give him medications such as Simethicone, Filtrum, Polifan, Enterosgel, Espumizan. Of great importance after the anti-pain therapy associated with disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, is the administration of tableted preparations containing beneficial bacteria and restoring the intestinal microflora after an illness: Bifiform, Linex, Enterol.

If symptoms such as nausea, retching, fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, diarrhea are added to the abdominal pain, you should immediately call an ambulance. This may indicate the development of severe gastrointestinal pathologies in the child’s body.

6 Pain relievers during pregnancy

Sometimes the severity of the lower abdomen and pain in this part of a pregnant woman may indicate a violation of the hormonal background, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. In addition, the cause of this condition can be inflammatory processes, malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. Due to the special position of a woman during this period of life, not all drugs with an analgesic effect can be taken with abdominal pain.

The doctor, having analyzed the condition of the pregnant woman, can prescribe her drugs that do not have a negative impact on the development of the fetus and its carrying. The best option is the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the most famous of which is paracetamol. This medicine, according to research, does not have a negative effect during pregnancy.The only contraindication may be individual intolerance to its active substance.

In the second trimester of pregnancy, it is possible to eliminate the existing pain in the abdomen by means such as analgin, which cannot be used only in the first trimester and after 34 weeks.

A widely used drug during pregnancy is No-shpa - antispasmodic, which is used for gastrointestinal disorders causing abdominal pain. Only in violation of the heart rate and glaucoma, this drug may be prohibited by a doctor. Relieving pain in the lower abdomen helps Riabal, which relieves the tone in the uterus.

Sometimes in small doses, the gynecologist may prescribe Baralgin or Spazmalgon, but only with very severe pain syndrome. Like any other remedy, painkillers only help relieve the symptom. Central to the treatment of abdominal pain is to eliminate their causes. If the pain is tolerable, it is better to wait for the doctor and fully rely on his professionalism and literacy.

Abdominal pain is a very common state of discomfort, or rather the aggravating symptomatic background of any hidden ailment. This may be indigestion, aggravation of gastritis, abnormal liver function, pain at the beginning of the menstrual cycle, inflammation of the uterus or ovaries in women. You should always be ready to provide first aid to yourself and your close ones and to have various pills for stomach pains in your home medicine chest.

Cases where self-medication is not acceptable

There are cases when abdominal pain is caused by pathological changes associated with risk to life. And that require emergency care. At the same time, pain medications are not only not useless, but also harm the patient — they do not give a correct description of the clinical picture. Such a disease state, as a rule, is characterized by a whole set of reactions of the body disorder.

Sharp pain that spreads can indicates inflammation of the intestinal appendix. The source of pain is localized in the right side and near the bladder, the condition is accompanied by subfebrile temperature (37-38 *), frequent vomiting, diarrhea.

Emergency care is also required for gynecological pathologies - rupture of the ovary, spontaneous abortion.

Severe pains are concentrated at the very bottom of the abdomen, in the pelvic area and sharply given to the rectum. Manifest cramping. There is dizziness, increased bleeding, rapid pulse.

Another dangerous symptom can occur during an exacerbation or perforation of an ulcer - a sharp attack in the area of ​​the stomach or duodenum (under the diaphragm). Accompanied by the development of shock, the pains resemble a blow with a dagger. Breath captures. The nidus of pain spreads to the entire abdomen, the abdominal muscles become dense and straight. Chances of death are high.

Medicines

List of the most accessible

Group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:

Painkiller, suspends the production of prostaglandins (substances that increase the sensitivity to pain), reduces inflammation.

Contraindications: aggravation of gastritis, dyspepsia.

The price of the drug is approximately - 26-30 rubles.

Analgesic drug, antipyretic. Like all derivatives of salicylic acid narrow the vascular bed and is not recommended for symptoms of bronchial asthma.

Approximate price - 80 rubles.

Inhibits (captures) the synthesis of prostaglandins, reduces the conduction of pain impulses at the site of inflammation. Alleviates allergic reactions, relieves fever. Reduces vascular spasm of the skin.

Contraindications: since the drug delays the removal of fluid from the tissues, its reception is limited to patients with renal failure. With severe kidney disease - is prohibited!

Approximate price - from 120 - 300 rubles.(available in tablets and suspensions, there is a dosage form for children)

It inhibits pain impulses, a wide range of applications against various types of pain. Including menstrual.

Price - 140 rubles.

A group of drugs - analgesics, acting mainly on the smooth muscles of the abdomen:

"No-Shpa" (Drotaverin)

Myotropic drug, affects solely the smooth muscles of the abdomen, suppresses spasm. However, it does not cure the very reason. Used as a temporary analgesic.

Approximate price of 50 rubles.

Affects spasms in the field of smooth muscles of internal organs. It relaxes the muscles (lowers the tone), has a weak sedative effect, acts on both the painful focus and the nearest nerve pathways. Expands the bloodstream. The range of applications varied (from bronchospasm to renal colic).

Price - 20-50 rubles.

Strong analgesic, used for pain of various origins.

The price is 99 - 230 rubles.

The group of drugs aimed at the elimination and treatment of disorders in the digestive organs:

The composition contains dry digestive enzymes: pancreatic enzymes, bile solids.

Price - 126 rubles.

Contains pancreatic extract.

Price 50-55 rubles

Affects the muscles of the intestines and stomach. Relieves pain, stomach cramps. It has an effect on the microflora of the gastric mucosa.

Price - 524 rubles.

Enveloping, choleretic agent. It has antacid and analgesic effect.

Price 23-25 ​​rubles.

Price 247 rubles.

Carminative, reduces the amount of gas in the intestine.

Price 280 rubles.

Reduces the secretory function of the stomach, reduces the amount of gastric acid. It is an anti-ulcer agent.

Price - 50 rubles (in tablets).

Medication when the cause of the pain is not known

What to take when the cause of the pain is unknown? There is no unique remedy for all types of pain. Consultation with a physician is necessary to establish the underlying cause. However, if it is impossible to get an appointment with a doctor, you can take anything from the group of strong analgesics. It is worth remembering that these funds do not cure, but only temporarily eliminate discomfort during abdominal pain. With abdominal pain in a child, it is recommended to take into account the intensity of the effect of the medicine and the dose.

With strong signs and uncertainty of internal disease, “no-shpa” is suitable, which eliminates the spasm of smooth muscles. Since the organs of the abdominal cavity are mainly surrounded and composed of this type of muscle, but shpu can be drunk with: renal colic, with spasms in the liver, in the bladder with cystitis, at the beginning of menstruation. No-Shpa also relieves muscle tension and restores blood flow in the spasm area. Similar to No-Shpa by the mechanism of action - Papaverine.

“Spazgan”, “Analgin”, “Unispaz” will be suitable as an antispasmodic for sharp and intensifying pain, but these drugs should not be misused, since this series of analgesics adversely affects the heart and kidneys.

When problems with the digestive tract

  1. When stomach ulcer pain occurs sharp: can be both dull and stabbing. Appear as a rule in the center of the abdomen, accompanied by feelings of heartburn. The pains are concentrated in the epigastric region (under the heart), spread around the navel, may be given in the back, in the scapula on the left side. As an anesthetic, you can take No-Shpu, Buscopan, Papaverin, Baralgin, Duspatalin. It is forbidden to drink analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs. For normalization of microflora of the gastric mucosa - antacids: "Maalox" "Almagel" "Phosphalugel", "De Nol".
  2. With heartburn associated with increased acidity of the stomach and signs of reflux: drugs that stimulate the motility of the intestine and stomach - Metoproklamid, Gastrosil, Raglan. Enveloping, painkillers - "Maalox", "Almagel".
  3. Pancreatitis: manifested by prolonged, aching pains in the abdomen, with surrounding character. Dull pains in the right or left side, in the hypochondrium. Pain relief can be done with the help of No-Shpy, Papaverina. Along with food supplements are taken to facilitate digestion - Pancreatin. In case of gall bladder failure (remote), Festal is also recommended.
  4. Cholecystitis - inflammation of the gallbladder. Symptoms - paroxysmal and sharp pain, in the right hypochondrium. Often accompanied by fever (37-38), changes in the skin and sclera of the eyes. Vomiting and stool retention periodically occur. Apply from pain in the abdomen - No-Spa, Papaverin, Analgin, Baralgin. In bladder dyskinesia - cholagogue - Allohol, Cholinzyme.
  5. For gynecological problems: as a rule, the most severe pain occurs in the first two days of the onset of menstruation. The pains are paroxysmal, pulling down the abdomen, sharp. Pain may occur on the lumbar side. If the stomach hurts, you can drink anti-inflammatory painkillers - Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen, Aspirin, No-Spa, Papaverine.
  6. With urological problems - cystitis: there are cramps, burning, pain in the pelvic area (in the bladder). It feels overcrowded, inability to go to the toilet. The process of urination also becomes painful, residual urine in the bladder may be delayed. Such symptoms may be associated with infection, in this case a broad-spectrum antibiotic is effective - Ciprofloxacin (Ciprolet tablets), Nolitsin. From spasms can be taken - Nimesil, No-Shpu. There is an effective drug based on plant extracts - Cyston.
  7. Intestinal disorders. Diarrhea is a fairly common symptom that can be associated with various diseases - poisoning, appendicitis, and monthly abdominal pain. However, if the disorder is caused by taking antibiotics, then it is enough to take a few drops of Hilak Forte, Linex. When food poisoning - Enterosgel, activated carbon. If the symptoms are caused by a food infection, then an antibiotic for the gastrointestinal tract is needed - Enterofuril, Levomycetin.

Pain in children

If the child has not hit anywhere and is not trying to attract the attention of adults with his complaints, then it is worth seriously considering his condition. You should also exclude, as the cause of abdominal pain - overeating (especially sweet), to revise the daily diet - perhaps new products have caused frustration or allergies. What can I give?

When overeating can be given Creon, Mezim. In case of poisoning - “Smektu”, “Enterosgel”. If the stomach hurts, BUT-Shpa, “Nurofen” for children helps to relieve pain.

When diarrhea from intestinal infections - enzyme preparations (such as Festal, Creon) are forbidden to give. Up to a year or 2 years old, antibiotics are contraindicated. However, if diarrhea lasts more than 3 days, then it is necessary to consult a doctor. A child from 3 years old can be purchased for children Enterofuril in capsules or suspensions. To replenish the water balance in the body, it is recommended to give Regidron.

Infants often have colic, in this case, baby Espumizan, preparations based on dill and fennel essential oils.

It is not recommended to self-treat if the pain is described as sharp and cutting. It is forbidden to warm the stomach, put an enema.

Be sure to watch a video on this topic.

Have pregnant

Waiting for the birth of a child is a very joyful and exciting event in the life of a woman. However, this period - the period of pregnancy is associated with various kinds of ailments, which occur as the restructuring and changes of the organism.

In the early stages there are risks of miscarriage, bleeding. Toxicosis. In the late - it can be a big load on the spine, painful stretching of the muscles of the pelvis. Problems with the digestive tract, as most of the abdominal cavity is the fetus and the enlarging uterus. Stomach pain.

Each pregnant woman in these cases must have their first-aid kit, which can be taken:

The first drug that can help with pain is NO-Shpa, the doctors found that this substance has little or no effect on the development of the fetus. But it helps with increased uterus tone and other types of spasms. It is necessary to accept, when sensations of contractions last several hours. It is recommended to use no more than 6 tablets per day.

The same effect can give candles with papaverine.

Antibiotics for pregnant women are contraindicated, catarrhal diseases are best prevented and prevented by interferon preparations. Against the ingress of viruses through the nose and larynx, you can use Oxolinic ointment.

For heartburn, Almagel and Maalox are taken. For anesthesia in the stomach - Duspatalin, it also has little effect on the formation of the fetus and changes in the body of a pregnant woman.

Optional: treatment of folk remedies

Treatment of folk remedies for abdominal pain at home involves the use of herbal decoctions and infusions.

As a cure for abdominal pain, in the stomach for digestive disorders brew cumin seeds - 2 tbsp. spoons for 4 cups of water.

When overeating protein foods can help water with lemon, ginger and mint, which stimulates the production of gastric juice.

From colic in the stomach and from excessive gas formation do decoction of fennel seeds, fennel. Which has a weak diuretic effect.

For non-infectious diarrhea, rice water is prepared. In addition, it acts as an enveloping agent for the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines. Soothes the body.

With signs of heartburn and increased acidity of the stomach, half a teaspoon of soda dissolved in a glass of water helps. With a healed stomach ulcer, tea is made from dandelion root; an infusion of plantain leaves can be made.

Afterword

This article presents far from all medications and treatments for abdominal pain. And describes the most popular and effective drugs that can be purchased without a doctor's prescription.

The presence of such symptoms as:

  • Stomach ache
  • smell from the mouth
  • heartburn
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • burp
  • increased gas formation (flatulence)

If you have at least 2 of these symptoms, then this indicates a developing

gastritis or ulcers. These diseases are dangerous by the development of serious complications (penetration, gastric bleeding, etc.), many of which can lead to

to the end Treatment must begin now.

Read the article about how a woman got rid of these symptoms by defeating their main cause with a natural method. Read the material ...

What medicines to drink if you have pain in the stomach? This question is relevant to many, regardless of whether a person has a gastrointestinal pathology or is disturbed by dyspeptic disorder. The painkillers can arrest discomfort and epigastric pain, but there are a lot of them. Pick up the necessary tool can only be a doctor. When taking tablets uncontrollably, the pain and severity of the disease may worsen.

Nature of pain

To choose a particular drug when it hurts in the stomach, you need to accurately determine the nature of the sensations, their frequency and intensity. In case of ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract, the stomach can ache, manifested by such sensations:

  • aching, pulling, dull,
  • cutting, gnawing, sharp,
  • cramping and spastic.

Such discomfort is also called "hunger pains." They usually pass after eating. When these sensations appear at night, in addition to the ulcer one may suspect dyspepsia, indigestion. At the same time with the pain of the stomach other pathological symptoms appear:

  • violation of the bowels (constipation, diarrhea),
  • bloating, flatulence,
  • unpleasant smell in the mouth,
  • sharp burp.

Pain in the stomach can be triggered not only by the pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, but also by non-compliance with the rules and diet, which is expressed:

  • big breaks between meals
  • nutrition of low-quality, harmful products,
  • quick, defective snacks.

Pain often occurs with injuries of internal organs, increased physical exertion, nervous overstrain, stresses.

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How to numb with high acidity?

Excessive production of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juice helps to increase the overall acidity. As a result, the person begins to feel burning pain, constant heartburn in the stomach and esophagus. Stop an unpleasant symptom can only eliminate the cause of its occurrence. High acidity usually accompanies gastritis. In this case, it is recommended to take medications from the group of antacids. Tablets have the following effects:

  1. Neutralization of hydrochloric acid. The substance is secreted in the stomach to facilitate the breakdown of food.
  2. Reducing the activity of peptides.
  3. Enveloping the mucosa. The active compounds included in antacids are capable of binding bile acids.
  4. Increased mucus and prostaglandin production. This function is due to the cytoprotective effect.
  5. Regeneration and restoration of affected tissues. There is an increase in the growth and division of epithelial cells in the affected areas of the inner wall of the stomach, which accelerates the healing and scarring of ulcers.
  6. Anesthesia.

To reduce the acidity of the proposed 2 types of antacid drugs. Absorbable drugs that are characterized by speed and almost instantaneous onset of therapeutic effect. At the same time in the stomach acid-base balance changes. However, there are disadvantages:

  • short duration of action
  • burp enhancement
  • increase in blood pressure.

  • a mixture of Bourget, "Renny", "Tams",
  • magnesium oxide,
  • sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate.

Nonabsorbable drugs that neutralize the acid for a long period of time, and do not change the acid-base balance. The group consists of:

  • magnesium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide,
  • "Maalox",
  • "Almagel Neo",
  • "Topalkan."

How to numb with low acidity of the stomach?

With a lack of acid in the stomach, there is also pain, accompanied by heaviness, bloating. What tool is suitable in this case? Nicotinic acid works best. It activates the work of centers synthesizing hydrochloric acid. The most popular such products based on nicotinic acid:

  1. Antispasmodics that lower muscle tone of the stomach, relieving spasm and pain. Representatives of the group:
    • "Papaverine" (the main substance in the form of hydrochloride),
    • "No-shpa"
    • "Baralgin".
  2. Analgesics that have a more powerful analgesic effect. There are two groups of drugs: non-narcotic tablets for masking pain (Analgin, Ibuprofen, Acelisin) and narcotic drugs for severe cases (Morphine, Omnopon, Promedol).

Painkillers

The most popular products are:

  • “Papaverin”, “Drotaverin”, “No-shpa”, “Spasmomen”, “Buscopan”, “Krasavka” - from antispasmodics,
  • "Maalox", "Phosphalugel", "Almagel" - from antacids,
  • "Omeprazole", "Nolpaza" - from proton pump blockers,
  • "De-nol", "Vikalin" - from bismuth preparations.

In order to have a sparing effect, NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory) with an antispasmodic component are more often prescribed, for example:

Antispasmodics

The most common group of painkillers. Often appointed when:

  • low acidity gastritis,
  • ulcerative lesions of the stomach,
  • gastroesophageal reflux.

Drink drugs need for:

  • relieving muscle spasms,
  • relief of pain of any intensity
  • adjust the contractile function of muscle tissue.

By the principle of action distinguish:

  • Neurotropic medications that act on nerve impulses and stimulate muscle function. They block the signal of pain, which suppresses the spasm. The group includes M-anticholinergics, such as "Hyoscylamine", atropine sulfate, "Metocinium", "Buscopan".
  • Myotropic drugs acting on muscle cells, changing the biochemical reactions occurring in them. The group includes: "Drotaverin", "Papaverin", "Spasmomen", "Papazol", "Trimedat".

According to the origin of drugs are divided into:

  • Pharmacological tablets.
  • The phytopreparations presented by medicinal extracts with belladonna, chamomile, lily of the valley, mint, tansy, oregano. Differ in the minimum number of side effects.

When the stomach hurts with an ulcer, gastritis and colitis, it is recommended to drink “Nosh-poo” or “Spazmalgon” as an effective emergency remedy for first aid. Tablets are endowed with a pronounced antispasmodic effect.

This group of painkillers is designed to provide comprehensive care for various diseases of the stomach. Drugs relieve pain and treat the cause of its occurrence. Antacids are treated:

  • gastritis with high acidity,
  • reflux disease, when pain occurs on the background of increased production of digestive juice with its reverse release into the esophagus, causing heartburn.

Medications have an alkaline environment that neutralizes the acidic environment unhindered. The classic composition of antacids includes:

  • sodium bicarbonate (soda),
  • magnesium oxide,
  • aluminum hydroxide,
  • calcium carbonate.

Popular antacids are presented with a list of such drugs:

Preparations at the same time disinfect and envelop the damaged mucous membrane, adsorb carcinogens and excess acid, providing cytoprotective protection. Active Formula Fast:

  • eliminates pain, heartburn,
  • stabilizes acidity
  • relieves inflammation
  • inhibits and removes toxins and pathogens.

In case of severe pain syndrome, “Atropine”, “Platyfilin”, “Metacin”, belonging to the class of cholinolytics of peripheral action, are recommended.

Proton pump blockers

This class of drugs is also called proton inhibitors. Their main task is to eliminate heartburn and repair damaged cells. They work at the cellular level, and thus block the secretory function of the lining cells of the stomach for the production of hydrochloric acid. At the same time, conditions are created to protect the walls of the mucosa from the effects of high acidity and regeneration processes are started to restore the functions of the digestive system.

Popular blockers are "Omeprazole", "Nolpaz", "Pantoprazole", "Lansoprazol". Such drugs quickly eliminate the pain that antacids are unable to cope with. The drugs also treat the cause: gastritis, ulcers, esophageal reflux. In combination with antibiotics, treatment of chronic ulcers becomes more effective.

Histamine receptor blockers

Medications are among their most common in the treatment of gastric ulcers. H2-blockers are endowed with a pronounced antisecretory effect. They suppress the production of acid, but it also stabilizes the production of pepsin, prostaglandins, bicarbonates and gastric mucus. There is an improvement in microcirculation in the mucous membrane, stabilization of gastric motility and the 12 duodenal process of the intestine. H2-blockers have a positive effect on the stabilization of the ultrastructural parameters of the epithelium.

Preparations of this group are distinguished by their speed and duration of preservation of the effect. They normalize the environment in the stomach, which reduces the aggressive effects of excess acidity. Popular drugs for gastric diseases:

  • "Ranitidine" - to reduce the production of pepsin, hydrochloric acid, pH stabilization,
  • "Nizatidine" - to suppress the secretion of acid by inhibiting the hyperactivity of acetylcholine, histamine, gastrin, pepsin,
  • "Roxatidine" - to suppress pepsin, normalize the pH, reduce secretion,
  • "Famotidine" - to protect against overactive effects of pepsin, histamine, gastrin, acetylcholine,
  • "Zimetidin" - a budget analogue of the above medications with a shorter duration of action.

Bismuth containing drugs

This group of drugs has a pronounced bactericidal effect against Helicobacter pylori, which cause inflammation, leading to ulceration of the mucosal surface. At the same time anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Bismuth preparations work at the cellular level of the causative agent of the disease (ulcers, gastritis), preventing colonization of helicobacteria and reducing unpleasant symptoms. Such drugs are popular:

Drugs create an enveloping film on ulcerative and erosive wounds, providing an astringent effect, which blocks pain during inflammation.

Main contraindications

Each anesthetic drug is accompanied by instructions for use, which clearly prescribed indications and contraindications. The main recommendations for refusing treatment with antispasmodics, blockers, and astringents are the following pathological conditions:

  • an increase in the large intestine (megacolon),
  • some types of colitis
  • germ-affected intestines,
  • chronic inflammation of the entire digestive tract (Crohn's disease),
  • tuberculosis in any form or form.

During pregnancy and lactation, all types of antispasmodics are not recommended. Individually selected sparing, allowing you to quickly anesthetize and eliminate heartburn, for example, "No-shpa", "Riabal", "Paracetamol", "Nurofen". People working with moving mechanisms and driving should not use strong painkillers because of the high risk of incoordination, inhibition of psychological reactions.

When medication is needed

Most often, pain symptoms indicate certain problems and disorders in the body, therefore, not knowing the exact cause, it is not recommended to abuse drugs.

First you need to make sure that the syndrome is not associated with serious pathologies and does not require surgical intervention. Otherwise, instead of facilitating the well-being of the patient, various kinds of complications may arise, which will be much more difficult to treat.

Discomfort pain occurs against the background of various problems - diarrhea, constipation, spasms, flatulence (increased flatulence, bloating) and others.

You can eliminate them by means of drugs that are different analgesic and spastic effects.

Abdominal Pain Pills

The causes of pain in the lower abdomen can be different, and therefore the drugs used in this case differ in their spectrum of action. Typically, in women, pain in the lower abdomen refers to the period of menstruation and is an unpleasant side effect of this process. But in some cases, pain in women in the lower abdomen means the presence of an inflammatory disease of the urogenital sphere - the ovaries, bladder, and so on. In this case, you should not engage in self-treatment, but seek the help of specialists. In men, lower abdominal pain can also mean problems with the genitourinary area and in this case you should not engage in self-therapy, but seek the advice of a doctor.

Sometimes pain in this area involves intestinal problems, and in some cases, the presence of an oncological process in one of the organs that are located in the lower abdomen.

Therefore, with an unspecified diagnosis of pain in the lower abdomen, those pills listed in the previous section will help to get rid of.This may be a one-time action that helps relieve the patient's unpleasant and exhausting symptoms. In the future, be sure to contact the specialists for the diagnosis, the correct diagnosis and appropriate therapy.

Dosage and administration

Instructions are attached to each drug, which describes in detail the method of administration and doses of each drug.

It is taken orally. Adults use one or two tablets of the medication three times a day. Children take a single dose in the amount of ten to twenty milligrams of the drug (from a quarter to half a pill), the maximum daily dose at this age can be one hundred twenty milligrams of the drug. Children aged six to twelve can take a single dose of twenty milligrams (half a tablet) with a maximum dose of two hundred milligrams. Use of the drug for children - two or three times a day.

The drug is intended for oral administration. It is used twenty minutes before a meal, does not chew and drank water. A single dose of two hundred milligrams, the drug must be taken in a single dose twice a day, in the morning and evening.

Children from twelve years and adults take two tablets of the drug in the form of the initial dose. In the future, a single dose of one tablet of the drug, used after each case of liquid stool. During the day it is allowed to use up to four tablets of the drug. The course of treatment should not be longer than two days.

Pills for pain in the abdomen are taken inside and do not chew, they are washed down with enough water. Adults with acute and chronic manifestations of diarrhea for the first time take two capsules of the drug (four milligrams). After that, one capsule (two milligrams) of the drug is used, which are taken each time after bowel emptying, if there is liquid stool. The maximum daily use of the drug - in the amount of eight capsules.

Children who are older than six years, use for acute manifestations of diarrhea, one capsule of the drug after each bowel movement, if there is liquid stool. The maximum amount of the drug that can be taken by children per day is three capsules.

The course of drug therapy is determined from seven to twenty days. When the stool has returned to normal or its absence has been observed for more than twelve hours, medication should be completed.

Tablets for abdominal pain are used orally, they need to be carefully absorbed or chewed.

Adults and adolescents from fifteen take one or two tablets three to four times a day one or two hours after a meal and before going to bed at night.

With reflux esophagitis, it is indicated to take the drug within a short period of time after a meal.

The maximum amount of medication is six times a day. You can not use more than twelve pills a day. The course of therapy ranges from two to three months.

Episodic use of the drug in the event of discomfort in the stomach allows one-time use of one or two tablets of the drug.

Tablets are taken orally, do not chew and drink a large amount of water. The dosage of the drug must be set individually, which is influenced by the degree of manifestation of the disease and the composition of the food the patient has consumed.

The average single dose ranges from two to four tablets per meal. It is recommended to use half or third of the single dose at the beginning of the meal, and the remaining amount - during the meal.

Sometimes it is possible to increase a single dose, but this happens only according to the prescription of a specialist and under his control.Such a change in dosage is caused by the patient's existing symptoms, such as pain in the abdomen or steatorrhea. The maximum amount of the drug per day is from fifteen to twenty thousand units of lipase per kilogram of patient weight.

Children take the drug in the dosage prescribed by the doctor. In this case, the specialist focuses on the expressed symptoms of the disease and the composition of the food accepted by the child. At the same time, the amount of the drug should not exceed five hundred - thousands of lipase units per kilogram of the weight of the sick child at each meal.

The course of treatment ranges from several days to several months or years. A few days the drug is taken with impaired digestion and any errors in nutrition. A medication is used for several months or years if constant replacement therapy is required.

Abdominal pain tablets are taken by oral route. For adults, a daily dosage of between one hundred and twenty to two hundred and forty milligrams of the drug is indicated. The daily dose should be divided into two or three doses. The maximum single amount of the drug is eighty milligrams. The maximum daily amount is two hundred and forty milligrams.

Children of children from six to twelve years old are prescribed the drug at the maximum daily dosage of eighty milligrams, which must be divided into two doses.

Children who are over the age of twelve have a maximum daily amount of one hundred and sixty milligrams, which must be divided into two to four servings.

The course of treatment without consulting a specialist is one or two days. If during this time there is no reduction in pain, you should consult with your doctor to establish the correct diagnosis and assign the correct method of treatment. If the drug is used as an element of adjuvant therapy, the course of self-treatment without consulting a specialist can be two or three days.

The drug is intended for internal use. It is used during the meal or immediately after it, while the medication should be taken with water.

Adults take one or two tablets three times a day. The children's dose is selected individually by a specialist.

The course of treatment depends on the perspective of the patient and can last from several days to several months or years.

Adults take one or two tablets with a break of four to six hours. In the next two or three days it is recommended to use half the dosage of the drug.

Children can use a dose of one hundred milligrams per kilogram of baby weight per day. This portion is divided into equal shares and is taken every four hours, excluding night sleep. It is then used from two hundred to five hundred milligrams of the drug after an interval of six to eight hours.

What to do if there is pain in the intestines or stomach?

What is most interesting is the question of what to do if an intestine or stomach hurts, people are very interested. Moreover, on the basis of statistics, Internet users set it exactly in this formulation. However, it is necessary to ask the person who enters this query into the search box - and how did you understand that your intestine or stomach aches? And no one can answer. This is not surprising, since the question itself is absurd in its essence. Think about it - the intestines and stomach are internal organs, like the entire gastrointestinal tract. How can you talk about what kind of internal organ you have, if you don’t even see it? Everything is very simple. A person indicates that he “has an intestine or stomach ache” if he notes painful sensations in the places of the projection of this organ.That is, if there is pain in the abdomen (in any part of it - even in epigastria, even in mesogaster or hypogastrium), then first of all comes the thought that it is the intestines that hurts and it is urgent to get rid of it. The logic, of course, is “iron”, but this opinion is somewhat incorrect. The thing is that, as such, “pain in the intestines” is not so often encountered. In the vast majority of cases, the pain symptom is caused by dysfunction of any of the digestive glands.

Principles to be followed when relieving pain

The most important thing to understand in this case is that pain is nothing more than a manifestation of one or another pathological process, the nature of which may be the most diverse. And treatment should be prescribed based not on the characteristics of the pain syndrome (intensity, irradiation, etc.), but on what kind of disease was the cause of the pain. In that case, if it is thoughtless to stop pain, then we can only eliminate the consequence of the pathological process that causes this manifestation. After a while, everything will be repeated anew, you can be sure of that.

Without a doubt, the pain that occurred, regardless of location, causes discomfort and the person tries to get rid of it as quickly as possible. However, in some cases, it is strictly prohibited to do this, as it is possible to cause very serious harm to your body and make it difficult to diagnose. This is a pain syndrome that manifests in acute inflammatory process in the abdomen (meaning appendicitis, cholecystitis or pancreatitis - diseases that require urgent medical intervention). In the event that a patient is brought to a medical institution that has one of these diseases, but he will take a painkiller the day before, it will be much more difficult to diagnose the pathology, and late diagnosis can cause very unpleasant consequences, even lethal the outcome. It should be understood that pain is only a symptom, which, like a watchdog, indicates the presence of any abnormalities in the human body.

In what cases can we safely stop pain, limiting ourselves only to the use of symptomatic therapy?

There are a number of diseases that are accompanied not only pain, but also dyspeptic syndrome (violation of the process of defecation, nausea, vomiting), but they are purely functional in nature. That is, there is no morphological substrate (inflammatory process, malignant neoplasm) under these pathologies. A typical example of such a disease is irritable bowel syndrome. The cause of this pathology is a violation of the innervation of the smooth muscle layer of the wall of the small and large intestines. Stress and nerve overstrains contribute to the development of this disease (this mechanism can be explained as follows: due to the fact that the higher nervous activity carried out by the cerebral cortex in a certain way is connected with the peripheral nervous system responsible for intestinal innervation and stomach, adverse effects on one department affect the work of another).

That is, because of these disorders, the actual problem with the “irritated” intestines arises - pathological nerve impulses potentiate excessively strong, then insufficient contractions of smooth muscle cells, which causes the above-described symptoms.

In order to stop these symptoms, only their immediate elimination will suffice. And, of course, the lifestyle correction with sedatives has not been canceled yet.

The main pharmacological groups to be used in this case.

First of all, it will be necessary to use drugs that are aimed at relieving spasm (due to relaxation of smooth muscle cells). They are called - antispasmodics. A typical representative of this pharmacological group is the drug Duspatalin, the use of which is possible without prior consultation with a doctor, on an outpatient basis. The best treatment for treatment, in this case.

Naturally, one should not forget about sedative therapy - besides duspatalin, herbal remedies are also used for treatment (sedavit). In extreme cases, if there are already signs that the symptoms become “malignant” and that a person has insomnia, it is recommended to take 200 mg of gidazepam - this will already be a more serious treatment.

Regarding whether it is worthwhile in this case to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (here is a list of the most famous - nimesil, ibuprofen, ketotifen) there are a lot of discussions. The essence of the question is this: if the antispasmodics (duspatalin) turned out to be ineffective, then the pain is caused not by a spasm of smooth muscle, but by some other problem. So, the use of this group of drugs can "spoil the clinical picture" and significantly complicate the diagnosis, which has already been described above. Other treatments are needed, and in addition, a number of studies should be conducted.

Also relevant is the question of how justified in the use of irritable bowel syndrome and stomach is the use of drugs against the violation of bacteriosis (in particular, hilak forte). It should be noted that in spite of the fact that hilak forte is an effective drug, in this case it is somewhat inexpedient to use hilak forte, since there is no violation of bacteriosis. And in other cases, where an intestinal infection and the use of antibiotics take place, such medicine as hilak forte will be simply indispensable for restoring normal bacteriosis.

What symptoms will indicate that symptomatic treatment (use of Duspatalin) will not be enough?

First of all, it will be necessary to think that the treatment with duspatalin will not be enough if the following manifestations take place:

  1. The pain syndrome manifests itself regularly, manifests more vividly and for its relief, all large doses of Duspatalin are required.
  2. The patient's body temperature rises, biliary belching appears, or the feces acquires a green color.
  3. Soreness of the abdominal wall occurs (or increases sharply) at the slightest touch.

All these manifestations are a signal that in this case there is a dangerous disease and it is necessary to carry out differential diagnostics as soon as possible, and only then determine the tactics of patient management. In any case, the use of duspatalin in this course of the disease will not be effective.

First of all, it will be necessary to exclude the syndrome of acute abdomen - in this state, surgical intervention is clearly shown. An ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity organs, a general analysis of the blood and urine, a biochemical analysis of the blood with the definition of the renal and hepatic complex will be quite sufficient for the determination of other diseases, and endoscopy is very desirable.

But to draw conclusions and prescribe the appropriate treatment in each case should already be a doctor-gastroenterologist, so that you can eliminate the cause, due to which pain occurs.

General principles of treatment

The fact is that some surgical and gynecological diseases require urgent surgical intervention.These include acute appendicitis, perforated (perforated) ulcer, intestinal obstruction, ectopic pregnancy, torsion of the legs of an ovarian cyst, and much more. Painkillers in this case are not only useless, but also harmful. The fact is that the temporary elimination of pain in these conditions distorts the clinical picture and makes it difficult to diagnose during a medical examination.

The warning signs in terms of acute pathology are:

  • Intense pain
  • Doscoobraznoe abdominal tension and sharp pain when trying to palpation (palpation) of the abdominal wall
  • Pale skin
  • Cold sticky sweat
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loose stools
  • Cardiopalmus
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Sharp weakness, flashing flies before his eyes
  • Confusion, fainting
  • Difficult diversion of intestinal gases
  • Women have bloody vaginal discharge.

If the pain in the abdomen is combined with one or more of these symptoms, then there are indications for a medical examination. Although the pain in the abdomen is such a prognostically serious sign that it is better to be safe, and in any case pay a visit to the hospital. And only after the doctor has eliminated acute pathology requiring surgical intervention, you can start taking pills - but, again, according to the medical recommendation.

Fortunately, most cases of abdominal pain do not require surgical resolution and can be easily eliminated by taking tablets. As a rule, such pains are associated with functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The basis of these x violations is:

  • Spasm of intestinal muscles
  • Reflux - a return throw of gastric juice into the esophagus, manifested by pain and heartburn
  • Change in gastric acidity
  • Difficulty moving the food bolus through the intestines
  • The accumulation of gases in the intestinal lumen.

In most cases, a combination of one or more of the above factors underlies the onset of abdominal pain. In this regard, in order to eliminate them, drugs of the following groups are shown:

  • Myotropic antispasmodics - eliminate spasm of the smooth muscle muscles of the intestine
  • Antacids - reduce the acidity of gastric juice
  • Cholinolytics - block the effect of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system on the gastrointestinal tract, and thereby have a spasmolytic and antacid action
  • Peristaltic stimulants - normalize peristalsis (wavelike contractions of the smooth muscle of the intestinal muscles), and thereby eliminate gas formation and congestion in the intestines
  • Digestive enzymes - improve the digestion of food.

Among the most effective pills for abdominal pain:

myotropic antispasmodic, eliminates spastic phenomena in the digestive tract. By and large, this drug needs no introduction. Its effectiveness and reliability has been proven for decades. Eliminates intestinal spasm, and also expands the lumen of blood vessels, while reducing blood pressure. For this reason, no-mash can not be taken for any hypotonic states, accompanied by a decrease in blood pressure. Other contraindications include pregnancy, lactation, and impaired liver and kidney function. Read more ...

Spasmalgon.

Combined tableted drug. It includes three ingredients: Pitofinone hydrochloride (myotropic antispasmodic), Fenpiverinium bromide (anticholinergic), and anti-inflammatory effect Metamizole sodium. These ingredients mutually reinforce each other's effects. Side effects include nausea, dry mouth, palpitations, and allergic reactions. The drug is not prescribed for cardiac arrhythmias, glaucoma, insufficiency of the liver and kidneys.

Metoclopramide.

The drug is centrally acting. By blocking specific brain receptors, it normalizes intestinal peristalsis. Eliminates nausea and vomiting.Side effects include drowsiness, poor coordination of movements. In this regard, metoclopramide should be taken with caution by drivers, and persons working with complex machines and mechanisms.

Antacid. Blocks H2 histamine receptors of the gastric mucosa, responsible for the release of hydrochloric acid. It prevents the development of gastric ulcer and its symptoms - abdominal pain, nausea, heartburn. Side effects - headache, dizziness, skin rash. Contraindications: impaired renal function, pregnancy, lactation, age up to 14 years.

It is also antacid. Refers to the so-called. proton pump inhibitors - reduces the acidity of gastric juice by blocking specific enzymes that control the formation of hydrochloric acid. It is effective in stomach pains caused by gastric juice reflux, peptic ulcer and pancreatitis. Contraindications: individual intolerance to the drug, pregnancy, breast-feeding.

Among other groups of drugs:

  • Drotaverinum - an antispasmodic
  • Renny - Antacid
  • Reglan - normalizes intestinal motility, eliminates excess gas formation
  • Gastrotsepin - anticholinergic
  • Papaverine - antispasmodic
  • Festal, Kreon - digestive enzymes.

These and any other pills for pain in the stomach are taken only on prescription. A prerequisite for the effectiveness of tablets is adequate diet and divided meals.

Abdominal pain pills, painkillers when your stomach hurts

The abdominal area is the place where the organs of different systems are located, so pain, localized here, is able to point to a variety of diseases. Abdominal pain can be a sign of dysfunction of the digestive system, hormonal imbalance, food and toxic poisoning, inflammatory and neoplastic processes.

In addition, each type of pain has certain distinctive features that help to determine the true cause of the indisposition. Methods and means of treatment should be prescribed only by a doctor after the examination of the patient and, if appropriate, examination. The article describes not only the causes and types of abdominal pain, but also what kind of painkillers or pills you can drink if your stomach hurts. It is also important to know that if the causes of abdominal pain are diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, then in order to alleviate the pain in the stomach, it is necessary to choose certain drugs. For example, if the pain in the lower abdomen of a woman with premenstrual syndrome, then she needs to take completely different means. If it is necessary to remove or eliminate the abdominal pain in a child, then there is a certain list of permissible pills for abdominal pain. Further in the article in detail about what medications for elimination of abdominal pain in adults and children exist.

Symptoms of abdominal pain, signs

Discomfort in the abdomen manifests itself in different ways. Pain in the abdomen, depending on the source and nature of the pathology, is constant, periodic, aching, cramping, dull, stabbing. Lower abdominal pain, left or right, in the center of the abdomen, often complemented by nausea and vomiting, expressed through intestinal disorders. To get rid of pain, it is recommended to take analgesics, antispasmodic or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Avoid the use of any drugs to the instructions of the doctor is necessary if the attacks are strong and give reason to suspect the exacerbation of appendicitis, the occurrence and development of malignant tumors, food poisoning or intestinal infections.

The first thing that a person should do is to wait for the results of the tests, on the basis of which the diagnosis will be made and it will be known whether it is possible to deal with the resulting state on their own.Any treatment for abdominal pain and its cause should only be coordinated with a qualified professional. Self-medication and thoughtless use of painkillers often hide the true manifestations of the disease, making it difficult to determine the correct diagnosis and prescribe appropriate therapeutic measures. It also often causes complications of the pathology or its transition to the chronic stage.

Before the arrival of the physicians, the patient should be completely restful, and to ease the pain, use a warm heating pad and stroking the localization of the discomfort. If the pain and severe abdominal pain are complemented by increased flatulence, flatulence, spasms, increased or decreased acidity of the gastric juice, and disturbed digestive functions, medications that can cope with these symptoms are prescribed by a physician. They are divided into groups:

- myotropic antispasmodics - designed to remove spasms of smooth muscles of the intestine,

- antacids - means for normalization of intestinal peristalsis, with their help stagnation and strong gas formation are overcome,

- anticholinergics - combine antispasmodic and antacid qualities, minimizing the connection between the work of the autonomic nervous system and the digestive system,

- digestive enzymes - necessary to stabilize the process of assimilation of food.

Pills for abdominal pain, what to choose painkillers, if severe stomach pain?

1 But-shpa from abdominal pain - myotropic antispasmodic. It is used to remove spastic manifestations in the gastrointestinal tract. Reduces blood pressure. In this regard, No-shpa is contraindicated for women during pregnancy, as well as for people with liver and kidney disease.

2 Spasmalgon, if the stomach hurts - an anesthetic drug, produced in the form of tablets. It contains anti-inflammatory substances, antispasmodic myotropes and honodroliticheskikh elements.

3 Metoclopramide for abdominal pain is a centrally acting drug. Aimed at restoring intestinal motility by blocking certain receptors in the brain. With it, stops nausea and emetic urge. Before use, it is important to study the instructions, since its components reduce activity and concentration of attention. This should be taken into account by people involved in working with complex mechanisms and driving vehicles.

4 Ranitidine for treating severe abdominal pain. Temporarily inhibits the secretion of hydrochloric acid from the gastric juice, to prevent or stop the ulcerative processes in the stomach and duodenum. Effective against nausea and gagging. Not recommended for children under 14 years of age, pregnant women and patients with renal insufficiency.

5 Omez with abdominal pain. The drug group antacids. Lowers acidity in the stomach. Well proven in the treatment of pancreatitis, stomach pain with reflux, ulcerative processes. Contraindicated in women during pregnancy and lactation.

6 Reglan as a treatment for abdominal pain - a means to stabilize intestinal motility, suppresses the symptoms of excessive gas formation.

In addition, drugs such as Renny (antacid) and Drotaverin (antispasmodic) are popular. Along with the above, there are many other tablets for the treatment of abdominal pain, which effectively fight abdominal pain and associated symptoms.

Menstrual pain in the lower abdomen, what painkillers to choose?

Women experience lower abdominal pain associated with menstruation more often than with any other. Sources of pain are different, the causes of abdominal pain are varied, but in most cases indicate a hormonal imbalance.The menstrual cycle is regulated by two female hormones - progesterone and estrogen. Deviations in their development are manifested through pain in the abdomen, which only medications sometimes allow to overcome. The main signs of malaise due to the approach or the beginning of blood discharge are spasms and nagging sensations in the lower abdomen, headache, nausea up to vomiting, loose stools, fever. They occur in different combinations, but not at all and not always.

It is noteworthy that the use of painkillers during menstruation does not have a long-lasting effect if a woman has pathological abnormalities in the performance of her functions by urinary tract or diseases of the genital organs, especially those complicated by neoplasms. Tablets under such circumstances are not able to cope with the main cause of pain. To eliminate the painful discomfort caused by hormonal disorders or inflammation, you need to take non-steroid drugs 2-3 days before the expected date of the onset of menstruation. They are usually prescribed by a doctor. Effective means in the fight against menstrual pain recognized: Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Naproxen, Pyroxam, Ketoprofen, Diclofenac. They should not be prescribed to patients who have an increased sensitivity to the components of the drug, acute diseases of the digestive system, liver and kidneys, during the period of carrying a child and breastfeeding.

The pain syndrome that occurs in the premenstrual days is also eliminated with the help of antispasmodics, including No-shpa, Spazmalgon, Drotaverin, Spazgan, Papaverine, Halidor. They are contraindicated in patients with glaucoma, renal failure, hypotension, and allergies. Analgesics have proven themselves well: Analgin, Novalgin, Ditsinon, Baralgin, Piretin and their analogues.

Gastric pain in the abdomen, which painkillers for stomach pain in the stomach to choose?

Very often, abdominal pain is associated with pathologies of the stomach. For the correct prescription of treatment, the doctor must interrogate and examine the patient, identify the location, intensity and nature of the pain. An important indicator is the duration of the illness. Abnormalities in the work of the stomach are indicated by pain in the intercostal space in the lower part of the chest. Unpleasant symptoms in the lower abdomen, including abnormalities in the stool and flatulence, indicate the development of inflammation of the lower colon.

A single intake of painkillers in such cases is not enough. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor for examination and appointment of a diet. The patient's diet should include foods that have a tonic effect on the intestines and prevent gas formation. The list of drugs for the treatment of such a symptom as abdominal pain includes: Mezim, Motilium, Allohol, Linex, Gastral, Trimedat and others, depending on the clinical picture. To alleviate the pain prescribed antispasmodics: Mebeverin, Papaverin, Gimekromon, Halidor. They relax smooth muscle tissue, normalize blood circulation in the site of action, reduce cellular activity. If necessary, prescribed Atropine, Difatsl, Aprofen.

Does the child's stomach hurt, which pills for stomach pain to choose?

Before using any medication for the treatment of abdominal pain in a child, first of all, you should ask him as much as possible about the nature, location and strength of the pain. The big mistake of many parents is the urgent and unconditional use of painkillers. This can significantly complicate the task of a doctor when examining a baby and making a diagnosis. This is especially important in acute appendicitis. If at the child's complaint of abdominal pain, the mother immediately gives him a pill, the symptoms of the pathology subside for a while, but she herself will not disappear and manifest a little later, but with serious complications, including peritonitis and sepsis, which can end even lethal.

The use of medicines is allowed if the child does not have a fever and there are no signs of poisoning. Treatment with tablets is allowed diarrhea associated with a minor indigestion, but not with an intestinal infection.Before the arrival of the doctor, you can use drugs if your child has a spasm of intestines due to malnutrition. If the location of the painful symptoms - the upper abdomen, apply fermetnosy preparations (Mezim, Festal, Pentzal). If discomfort is found in the lower abdomen, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate intestinal spasm, improve its peristalsis, relieve swelling (Riabal, Mebeverin, Buscopan, Mebeverin).

When complaining of pressure from the inside, abdominal distension, the best solution would be to use the following painkillers for abdominal pains: Enterosgel, Simethicon, Espumizan, Polyphepanum, Filtrum. After the abdominal pain is eliminated, as well as medical treatment of the causes of their occurrence, it is very important to normalize the intestinal microflora. The best means for its restoration are recognized: Linex, Bifiform, Enterol. The unconditional reason for the urgent delivery of a sick child to a medical institution or an emergency call is such pathological signs as nausea and vomiting, an increase in body temperature. In most cases, they signal a serious disturbance in the work of the digestive system.

What medications for abdominal pain can be taken during pregnancy?

In order to properly interpret the painful sensations in one or another part of the abdomen in a pregnant woman, one must pay attention to all the circumstances and details of their occurrence. If discomfort and severity is observed in the first trimester, the most likely reason for this is the rearrangement of the hormonal background due to fertilization of the egg. Also, a similar condition is caused by inflammation and digestive disorders. Taking into account the physiological features of the body of a woman during gestation, the list of medicines that can be used to treat it is significantly limited. The gynecologist, the leading pregnancy, or another narrow specialist, analyzes the patient's condition, and prescribes those drugs that will not adversely affect the fetus and its further development.

To eliminate the pain in this case, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used, for example, paracetamol known to all. It is safe to take during pregnancy and does not harm the mother and child, except for the individual intolerance of the active substance. With the onset of the second trimester, it is allowed to fight abdominal pain by taking analgin. It is noteworthy that it is not recommended to use it until 12 and after 34 weeks of gestation. Among pregnant women, No-shpa is very popular. This antispasmodic is most effective for pain accompanying gastrointestinal disorders. The doctor may prohibit his admission if the patient has glaucoma or a heart rhythm disorder. To reduce the tone of the uterus and relieve cramps in the lower abdomen allows Riabal. A gynecologist may decide on the possibility of using Spasmalgone and Baralgin in a reduced dosage if the pain is very severe and the risk of negative consequences of such actions is minimal. It should be remembered that painkillers eliminate the symptom, not the source of the pain. Therefore, measures to improve health status should not be limited to their use. For proper diagnosis and therapy, be sure to consult a doctor.

First aid

Very often, pathological symptoms appear when there is no opportunity to consult a doctor. In such situations, the first aid to the patient is provided by his relatives. Conventionally, actions can be represented as such an algorithm.

  1. Establish a possible cause of pain. If this is the first attack, the pain is intense, acute, and is accompanied by a violation of the patient’s general condition - fever, nausea, vomiting,dry mouth - the only correct solution would be to seek help from doctors.
  2. If the patient suffers from chronic bowel disease and similar symptoms occur regularly, you can try taking medications at home.
  3. As an emergency, you can recommend the patient antispasmodic drugs. They will help relieve pain in the intestines and improve the patient’s condition.

Planned treatment

First aid can only temporarily improve the patient's condition. For complete recovery, you need to conduct a planned treatment. It must be comprehensive and take place in three interrelated directions:

  • diet,
  • traditional treatment
  • folk remedies.

They complement each other, which allows you to quickly remove the symptoms of the intestine.

Health food

Diet is key to bowel disease. Without it, treatment simply will not bring effect, even if the most effective pills are used.

For pain in the intestines, the diet is selected depending on the function of the intestines. If the symptoms are accompanied by constipation, Pevsner table number 3 is appointed. If the patient has diarrhea - №4.

Regardless of the type of violation in intestinal diseases, such products are prohibited:

  • onion, garlic, radish, radish,
  • fatty meats and fish
  • strong coffee, sparkling water, alcohol,
  • saturated meat and fish broths, dishes based on them.

Diet number 3 includes all those products whose purpose - to strengthen intestinal motility. It is recommended to adhere to the following rules.

  1. Cereal cereals - buckwheat, barley, barley, wheat.
  2. Bakery products - whole grain bread and bran bread. You can use modern diet bread, but only with a liquid dish.
  3. For cooking soups, it is recommended to use meat and fish broth, a lot of vegetables rich in fiber - cabbage, carrots, beets.
  4. Meat and fish choose low-fat varieties.
  5. All kinds of fresh fruits and vegetables are encouraged.
  6. Of the drinks allowed non-carbonated water, compotes, diluted juices, tea.

A patient with a constipation diet strongly recommends no jelly, jellies, sweets with gelatin and agar, marshmallows, and marmalade. Also not recommended bakery products from flour of the highest grade. All of these products slow down intestinal motility, which can increase the symptoms of the disease.

Diet number 4 is recommended for patients with diarrhea. It provides for the exclusion of those dishes that cause the processes of rotting and fermentation in the intestines, as well as enhance peristalsis. This diet is prescribed for infectious diseases, foodborne diseases, colitis, accompanied by frequent and liquid stool.

In the classic version, the diet restricts the consumption of carbohydrates and fats, as the main provocateurs of fermentation processes. At the same time, the amount of proteins remains unchanged. Among modern physicians, the restriction of protein foods, which cause decay, is becoming increasingly popular.

  1. The basis of nutrition is pureed porridge of the most uniform consistency.
  2. Meat and fish can be used in the form of minced meat or soufflé.
  3. Allowed soups are mashed without spices, potatoes and pasta.
  4. Rice are added to cutlets instead of bread.
  5. Recommended fruits and berries with an astringent effect - quince, cornel, bird cherry, blueberries.

The diet does not recommend fresh pastries, chocolate, sweet yogurt, milk puddings.

Pharmaceuticals

Today, the pharmaceutical market offers a variety of pills that help relieve symptoms of bowel disease. Most doctors use these groups of drugs:

  • antispasmodics,
  • laxatives
  • carminative,
  • sorbents
  • probiotics.

Laxatives

Laxatives help cope with constipation. Recently, drugs based on lactulose, such as Dufalac, have become increasingly popular.In their composition - dietary fiber, which increase the volume and reduce the density of fecal masses, thanks to which they act gently and effectively.

Carminative

The most popular drug in this group is Espumizan. Simethicone, which is part of it, splits large gas bubbles into smaller ones, which are easily removed from the body.

The main task of sorbents is to remove toxins that have accumulated in the intestines and cause unpleasant symptoms. The simplest remedy in this group is activated carbon. In our time, new, more effective drugs have been developed that can adsorb toxins on themselves - Smekta, Atoxil, Enterosgel.

Probiotics

How to relieve pain in the intestines with probiotics? You cannot choose a means by yourself. The fact is that drugs are broken down into a specific classification, each of which has its own characteristics:

  • Monocomponent probiotics are composed of only one type of bacteria. These include Bifidumbacterin and Lactobacterin.
  • Multicomponent probiotics, second-generation drugs, contain a variety of live bacteria. Assign for the normalization of microflora in complex treatment with antispasmodics. Means: Atsipol, Bifidorm, Linex.
  • Prebiotics are composed of organic compounds. For example: Hilak-Forte, Goodluck, Normaze.

In rare cases, with pain in this area and a severely disturbed microflora, doctors prescribe synbiotics. Such products contain probiotic and prebiotic.

Now you know how to remove pain syndrome by various means. At home, you can use the traditional methods of treatment, but they do not bring such a quick result.

How to understand what exactly hurts the intestines

In order to distinguish the pain of the stomach and intestines, it is necessary to remember that the stomach is located in the upper abdomen, with the main site located on the left side, the rest in the epigastric region, that is, “under the spoon”. The intestine is localized below, in the region of the abdominal cavity.

Pain syndrome in the intestine differs from gastric pathologies in that its manifestations are not associated with food intake.

The only exception is the inflammatory process in the transverse colon, when pain occurs during a meal as a result of contraction of the muscles. Increased symptom is often observed before or during a bowel movement.

Pain can be aching, cramping, sharp. The aching symptom is quite long.

A characteristic difference is the increase in unpleasant sensations during coughing, sneezing, and lifting weights. The sharp pains are short-lived, but they recur regularly. Such signs may indicate an inflammatory process in the intestine.

List of effective high-speed tools

For abdominal discomfort, in the intestinal area, the following drugs are considered the most effective:

  1. No-shpa - a medicine that belongs to the group of myotropic antispasmodic drugs, helps to eliminate spasm of smooth muscles in the intestine and stomach. In addition, the effect of the drug is aimed at lowering blood pressure. Such pain medications are not recommended for use in carrying a child and in liver pathologies.
  2. Spasmalgon is a tablet drug with anti-inflammatory effect, also relieves a painful symptom by eliminating spasm in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
  3. Metoclopramide. The drug normalizes the reduction of the intestinal walls, inhibits the work of receptors in the brain. Helps to reduce pain, eliminates nausea and vomiting. Do not prescribe medication to drivers, because it impairs concentration and activity of the brain.
  4. Omez belongs to the group of antacids, helps to reduce acidity in the stomach.The tool is widely used for pancreatitis, ulcers, pain phenomena, which were formed as a result of reflux (reverse current of the contents of the hollow organs compared with its normal movement). Prohibited the use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation.
  5. Activated carbon is an inexpensive medicine for the relief of pain, flatulence, reactions of decay.
  6. Ranitidine helps to reduce the level of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, removes nausea and vomiting, reduces the risk of developing ulcerative pathology in the gastrointestinal tract. Contraindications are considered the period of pregnancy, age up to 14 years, liver disease.
  7. Drotaverine blocks intestinal and stomach cramps.
  8. Reglan - a drug that contributes to the normalization of intestinal motility and stomach, and also eliminates the signs of flatulence.

Despite the wide choice of medical remedies for pain in the intestines, one should not forget that self-healing can cause a deterioration in well-being.

Preparations for children

Before using certain drugs to relieve abdominal pain in a child, it is necessary to accurately determine the localization of discomfort, its nature and strength.

It is necessary to consult a doctor, because with the wrong self-selection of pain pills, you can complicate the exact diagnosis.

This is especially true in relation to acute appendicitis.

The pain syndrome disappears, but after a while it manifests itself with a new force. If time is missed, the risk of serious complications such as sepsis and peritonitis is high.

It must be remembered that medication is possible only at normal body temperature, in the absence of signs of poisoning, in case of small stomach disorders with diarrhea symptoms, in the event of spasms due to improper diet.

It does not recommend taking analgesics in the presence of intestinal infection, vomiting, fever, as this often indicates dangerous disorders in the digestive system.

If the pain is localized in the upper abdominal region, then you can use drugs containing enzymes: Pentisal, Festal, Mezim and others.

If the symptom manifests itself in the lower region, then pills are better suited to improve peristalsis, eliminate increased gas formation and intestinal spasms.

Pharmacy remedies such as Buscopan, Enterosgel, Espumizan, Mebeverin, Riabal, Mebeverin have proven themselves in the best way.

Use of drugs for pregnant women

Women during pregnancy are not recommended to abuse drugs. It is better to stop the pain in the intestines with the help of traditional medicine and healthy eating.

If, however, it is not possible to achieve the desired result, then after consulting with a specialist, you can carefully apply No-Shpu, Baralgin.

You can also resort to using the following medications:

  1. Paracetamol. This is an anesthetic that acts simultaneously to reduce the temperature and eliminate inflammatory processes. However, doctors do not recommend using this medicine for liver and kidney diseases, in the presence of a peptic ulcer in the organs of the digestive system. The drug is not highly toxic, however, is not used in the third trimester of pregnancy. Take medication 2 hours after a meal, no more than four times a day. It is possible the manifestation of such side effects as urticaria, nausea.
  2. Analgin. Good pills help with mild abdominal pain, you need to take pills after meals. The composition of the drug includes the same element, which has antipyretic effect, inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins. It is forbidden to use the drug with concomitant pathologies of the liver, kidneys, with unstable blood pressure. Side effects - skin rash, angioedema.During pregnancy, it is not recommended to use the first and last 6 weeks.
  3. Riabala. The components of the tool have an effect on M-cholinergic receptors, which makes it possible to eliminate spasms in the uterus and ureters. However, it often causes allergic processes that are manifested by a feeling of dryness in the oral cavity, an increase in blood pressure. The drug is prescribed with extreme caution to patients with various pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, heart and blood vessels.

Modern pharmacology has a huge list of drugs that help in case of pain in the intestines, but they should be drunk only after consulting a specialist, taking into account all possible contraindications.

In addition, it is possible the manifestation of a number of side effects, for this reason, you need to know exactly the necessary dose of a particular medication.

Symptoms of bowel disease

This organ belongs to the digestive system and performs the following functions:

  1. Splits products to digestible elements.
  2. Provides absorption of essential nutrients in the blood.
  3. Removes toxins.
  4. Increases immune defense.

In diseases of the intestine, the performance of certain functions is impaired, which allows the doctor to quite accurately determine the nature of the pathology. Symptoms of failure of this body are listed below.

  • Abdominal pain. In a healthy state, there should be no discomfort. If there are complaints, the doctor pays attention to the location, intensity and peculiarity of unpleasant sensations. Also important is their relationship with eating, defecation.
  • Pain in the navel indicates a disease of the small intestine. Usually the patient feels them as pulling or aching. If there is a feeling of fullness or excessive gas formation, a failure of the thick section is suggested. This relief comes when taking carminative drugs or after a bowel movement.
  • Diarrhea. This condition is considered to be liquid stool that occurs more often 3 times a day. Symptom can be observed in the inflammatory process in any part of the intestine, as well as the stomach and duodenum. Inclusions in the stool - foam, blood streaks, undigested food pieces, mucus are of diagnostic value.
  • Constipation. If this is the only discomfort that worries a person, the cause may not be a disease. Delayed bowel movements or a solid consistency of feces provokes stress, hormonal changes, poor diet, lack of fluid, taking certain medications.
  • Flatulence. Abdominal distention is not only indicative of a disruption of the bowels, but often causes severe pain to the patient due to the dramatic stretching of its walls. Symptom often observed in the evening.

Changes from other organs and systems. Deterioration in the absorption of nutrients affects the condition of the skin, general well-being, body weight, blood counts, and the female menstrual cycle. Often, patients do not even realize the true cause of their problems.

Causes of bowel disease

Symptomatic treatment without eliminating the etiological factor is ineffective. The diseases that cause bowel problems are listed below. Any of them can occur in a chronic or acute form, which determines the strength and severity of discomfort.

  • Enteritis. This is called inflammation of the small intestine. It occurs due to food poisoning or intestinal infections. Short-term relapse is possible with the use of acute alcohol products. A person is worried about nausea, pain in the navel, weakness, diarrhea. After some time, pathology can lead to a deficiency of nutrients in the body, hair loss, dry skin.
  • Colitis. The inflammatory process occurs in the colon. Often it affects the thin section and even the stomach. The disease is usually caused by infection.The patient feels severe abdominal cramps, complains of diarrhea, general malaise. Colitis of non-microbial etiology appears as a complication of gastritis or pancreatitis, due to nutritional errors.
  • Crohn's disease. Chronic disease that affects all parts of the gastrointestinal tract. A person is worried about bloating, abdominal cramps, blood in his stool. A long course leads to intestinal obstruction, abscess.
  • Nonspecific ulcerative colitis. This condition is different from the usual inflammation of the large intestine. It has a different nature, presumably genetic. The reasons are not fully understood. The typical localization of the problem is the rectum, from which the pathological process spreads to neighboring areas. A characteristic symptom is considered to be blood in the feces, on linen or toilet paper, which indicates the presence of an ulcer and appears even in remission.
  • Dysbacteriosis. Intestinal bacteria help break down food, synthesize vitamins, fight infection, and increase immunity. Under the action of pathogenic microbes or adverse factors, the number of "good" microflora decreases. Deterioration in the functioning of the intestine can manifest itself by a variety of symptoms - sleep disturbance, depression, weakness, changes in appetite, pain, nausea.
  • The incidence of dysbiosis is quite high. This is explained by the fact that a number of factors have a detrimental effect on the beneficial microflora - infection, stress, unhealthy diet, antibiotics.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome. Manifestations of the disease are not specific. The patient may complain of constipation, diarrhea, pain, flatulence. The peculiarity is that the violations are caused by functional disorders, and not by the inflammatory process. The most common cause of psycho-emotional factors.

Thus, radically different pathological processes are hidden behind the same symptoms, therefore, only the doctor should select the treatment regimen after examining the patient’s tests and complaints.

Popular preparations for the intestines

Many drugs for the gastrointestinal tract are referred to over-the-counter sales. A patient can buy and take them on his own if he knows exactly what he needs. Typically, this means to restore the intestinal microflora, laxatives, antispasmodics. Below are a group of drugs that are prescribed by doctors to restore the functions of the gastrointestinal tract.

Antibiotics. In infectious etiology of the disease without antibacterial drugs is indispensable. However, in this case, a special group of intestinal antibiotics is used - nifuroxazide-based products. They show local activity and are not absorbed into the systemic circulation. Such drugs are effective against most intestinal pathogens, while not causing resistance. The clinical result becomes noticeable within a few hours after administration.

Means for the normalization of microflora. Disruption of the balance of beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms leads to intestinal dysfunction. Increasing the number of "good" bacteria, you can eliminate unpleasant symptoms. The list of drugs that are used for this:

  1. Bifidumbacterin. It is produced in the form of a lyophilisate, from which a suspension is prepared. Contains bifidobacteria, helps to restore the disturbed balance of microflora.
  2. Linex. It consists of three different types of viable microorganisms that manifest antagonism of pathogenic pathogens. The drug can be used as a prophylactic agent for maintaining intestinal function or for treating diarrhea of ​​various origins.
  3. Probifor. Available in the form of capsules and powder. The active ingredient is bifidobacteria. The drug restores the relationship between harmful and beneficial microflora, and also has antidiarrheal effect.
  4. Maksilak.Contains several strains of bacteria that positively affect the work of the entire gastrointestinal tract. The tool improves resistance to climate change and poor nutrition, is used to prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Registered as a dietary supplement. Analogue - Laktiale.
  5. Acipol. Capsules medications contain lactobacillus. They are prescribed for the treatment of dysbacteriosis, as well as in the treatment of candidiasis, atopic dermatitis, respiratory and other diseases.
  6. Hilak Forte. Drops based on beneficial bacteria. An effective drug for the treatment of disorders in the gastric, intestinal and hepatobiliary disorders.

Antispasmodics. They act on the smooth muscles that make up the digestive tract. Quickly relieve pain and cramps. The names of the funds that are most often assigned:

  1. No shpa. One of the safest drugs that effectively eliminates muscle spasm and nerve. Tablets can be used in children from 6 years of age.
  2. Spasmalgon. Combined remedy that exhibits not only antispasmodic, but also anesthetic effect. Thanks to two components that act on the same target by different mechanisms, the strength of this medicine is quite high.
  3. Meteospasmil. It removes the increased muscle tone of the gastrointestinal tract, but does not lead to atony. It also contains a substance that reduces flatulence. Well helps with functional disorders that are accompanied by flatulence.
  4. Meverin Eliminates pains of varying intensity in the abdomen and pelvis. Shows a selective effect on the smooth muscles of the digestive tract. The advantage of the tool is fewer side effects.

Laxatives Eliminate constipation and quickly eliminate toxins. The following intestinal tablets are popular:

  1. Guttalax The active substance is a chemical compound. The result is achieved due to irritation of nerve endings, which leads to increased peristalsis. Not recommended for long-term use, as it is addictive.
  2. Duphalac. One of the safest drugs. Appointed to adults and children of any age. It contains lactulose, which does not break down and is not absorbed, but increases the osmotic pressure in the intestine, which leads to a laxative effect.
  3. Norgalax. Available in the form of a special tubular cannula for single use. It is applied rectally. Stimulates defecation, softens fecal masses and facilitates their advancement.
  4. Senadexin. Contains a plant extract that is capable of enhancing peristalsis by affecting nerve endings. Not suitable for long-term and permanent use, although very popular because of the affordable price.

Antidiarrheal and sorbents. The loss of fluid in diarrhea is no less dangerous than the disease itself. The drugs in these groups stop the disorder, alleviate the patient's condition and allow other drugs to have their beneficial effect in the intestine. In addition, the sorbents absorb toxins that are released during the pathological process, preventing them from entering the systemic circulation. The list of such tablets:

  • Loperamide
  • Activated carbon,
  • Smecta (powder),
  • Imodium.

Enterosgel is a sorbent that is produced in the form of a paste, due to which it exhibits an enveloping effect and protects the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.

Anti-inflammatory drugs. Preparations for treating the intestines of this group are prescribed only by a doctor. They have many contraindications and side effects, so self-treatment is unacceptable. Previously, the doctor must find out the cause of the pathological process and localization. Help eliminate inflammation:

  • aminosalicylates,
  • corticosteroid hormones,
  • immunomodulators,
  • antimicrobial agents.

When self-medication is dangerous

Some drugs mask the symptoms of the disease without removing the underlying cause. These include anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics, painkillers. Uncontrolled intake of even OTC drugs leads to complications and further spread of the pathological process. If you do not know what caused intestinal dysfunction, and symptomatic treatment does not help, you need to immediately consult a doctor.

Any medicine for the intestines can harm the body. In the tactics of treatment should be based on the cause of the disease, which can be determined only by a doctor. Probiotics, lactulose-based laxatives and sorbents are relatively safe. Allowed to take them on their own, but only in short courses.

Folk remedies

If the patient for some reason cannot or does not want to take pills, folk remedies will come to the rescue. They are especially indicated in the subacute period of the disease and in case of incomplete remission. Herbs with anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and carminative effect will help relieve symptoms. For the preparation of decoctions used as a multicomponent mixture, and one type of raw material.

  1. From chamomile, sage and yarrow, taken in equal parts, prepare the broth. It takes half a cup before each meal.
  2. Potato fresh has an enveloping and wound-healing effect. Take a glass on an empty stomach.
  3. To reduce the putrefactive and fermenting processes, recommend garlic tincture. 100 g of garlic is poured with vodka and infused for two weeks at room temperature. Take 20-25 drops before each meal. To enhance the effect, it is desirable to drink kefir, yogurt or ryazhenka homemade.
  4. When constipation recommend decoction of buckthorn, yarrow, nettle. It has a mild laxative effect and stimulates intestinal motility.
  5. If diarrhea prevails in the clinic, the patient is given a decoction of oak bark - half a cup twice a day. It has a good astringent effect.

Choosing a method of folk treatment of pain in the intestines, be sure to consult with a specialist. He will help you find those fees that will be useful in each case.

Conclusion

Pain in the intestines can be caused by a variety of reasons. Some of them may carry a serious threat to the life and health of patients, which is why it is recommended to immediately contact physicians. It is possible to begin treatment without prior consultation with a specialist only if the patient knows exactly the cause of his suffering. Otherwise, he definitely needs to undergo a series of examinations - without them, even a doctor with extensive experience can hardly make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe a complete treatment.

Medication and pain pills for the intestines - what helps best?

Pain in the intestines is a very frequent complaint in the pathologies of the gastrointestinal organs, and remedies for pain in the intestines will help to remove this symptom.

The main difference between the pain in the intestines from the pain in the stomach is the independence of the symptom from meals.

Most often, the most severely painful symptoms occur before the act of defecation, after which the patient eases markedly.

With the defeat of some parts of the intestine, the patient may feel pain in the process of defecation.

Causes and characteristics of pain in the intestines

Usually, the patient may be bothered by aching or colicky pains in the stomach or lower abdomen.

Colic lasts not for long and from time to time recurs, as for aching pains, they are usually persistent, unceasing, and may increase with tension.

Pain - these are signs of inflammatory processes in the intestine.

Doctors call many causes of pain:

  • most often the cause of severe pain is the accumulation of gases in this organ, the phenomenon of obstruction of the organ as a result of the formation of nodes, tumor masses, torsion of the intestines, which stretch the intestine and damage it.In this case, the pain is usually aching, constant,
  • sharp pains of a cramping character in the intestinal area can speak of an organ spasm, enteritis, food poisoning,
  • can cause abdominal pain and adhesive disease, which is most often the result of abdominal surgery,
  • if a sharp pain in the abdomen is accompanied by fever and an attack of vomiting, then this may indicate acute appendicitis.

If a patient has an intestine soreness, then first of all doctors prescribe a special balanced diet to help relieve some of the symptoms and strengthen the body weakened by the disease.

With persistent intestinal congestion, some patients often use a laxative.

Doctors warn that such treatment should be used with great care, only in isolated cases.

The constant use of such a drug can lead to the fact that the intestine "lazy" and no longer fully process food.

Therefore, to improve the process of food processing, it is best to use only natural, natural means.

Faster intestines and recycle food will help foods with high fiber content.

Therefore, when pain in the stomach and lower abdomen should eat grain bread, baked potatoes, a small amount of strawberries and peas. There will be no cereal with bran.

It is very important with pain in the stomach and lower abdomen to establish a drinking regime for the patient.

The liquid helps to soften the food and accelerate its progress through the intestines, while the volume of emptying increases significantly.

During the day you need to drink about 8 glasses of pure water. It is important to know that you should not drink water.

Caffeine for pain in the intestines is undesirable. It is necessary to refuse not only coffee, but also tea, Coca-Cola, chocolate drinks.

If it hurts in the stomach and lower abdomen, then the menu should not contain milk and products from it, as well as wheat.

These products irritate the affected organ even more and negatively affect the whole body. When buying ready-made products, make sure that wheat and milk were not in their composition.

Food in the diet should be homemade, street food and convenience foods will exacerbate the painful condition and cause a lot of harm.

When do pains arise in the digestive tract?

Abdominal pain can be felt in different places of the abdominal cavity.

It all depends on what part of the intestine requires medical attention:

  • if a thin section of the intestine is affected, then the patient has pain in the navel area, and if the cause of pain is inflammation of appendicitis, then they are localized on the right, while at first they are felt from above, near the stomach, and after a few hours they go down,
  • if the pain on the right side is given to the right leg, then this also indicates an inflammation of the appendix,
  • in addition, the appearance of pain on the right side of the ileal region can signal typhlitis, as well as cancer tumors in the intestine,
  • if the patient claims that he has pain on the left side of the iliac region, then the doctor may suspect dysentery, obstruction, inflammation in the sigmoid region, ulcerative colitis of a non-specific type, a tumor in the descending and sigmoid colon,
  • if the pains go to the sacrum area, then this may signal a lesion of the large intestine, its left parts (dysentery),
  • Often, patients complain of pain in the perineum, which becomes even stronger during bowel movements, and is accompanied by false urges. Such symptoms can speak about pathologies in the direct part of the intestine - tumors, anal fissures, hemorrhoids, inflammatory processes,
  • if it hurts before the process of defecation, then doctors suspect pathologies of the colon and sigmoid colon, and pain in the process of defecation may be associated with fissures in the anus, cancers, hemorrhoids,
  • about the inflammatory and oncological processes in the colon and small intestine speak pain in the navel,
  • if the patient has an intestinal obstruction, then he will suffer from constant aching pain, which is supplemented from time to time with strong colic. In this case, it usually hurts around the navel or at the location of the large intestine, the sensations of contraction of the intestine increase,
  • in some situations, pain in the intestines and abdomen may even give to the chest area, which is why they are often mistaken for angina attacks.

Medication

If it hurts in the stomach and lower abdomen, then doctors recommend organizing the work of the organs with the help of enzyme preparations - Mezim, Festala.

Tablets will help to establish a chair, so they will be relevant as with constipation, and with liquid stool.

Often the cause of pain in the stomach and lower abdomen is dysbacteriosis. Treatment in this case should remove unpleasant symptoms and restore the microflora balance.

Today, there are pills that can simultaneously solve both of these problems.

For example, doctors may prescribe Redugaz, which restores the level of bacteria useful for digestion and removes unpleasant sensations in the stomach and gas from the intestine, due to which the tension of the intestine decreases markedly.

At the same time, the drug prevents the development of bacteria, which provoke the appearance of gases, as a result of which a repeated swelling of the organ does not occur.

The advantage of the medicine is that it is made in the form of chewable capsules, so the treatment will also be convenient.

For acute intestinal colic in the lower abdomen and stomach, you need to take pills that relieve pain, for example, Baralgin or Analgin, as well as a remedy for inflammation - No-shpu or Papaverine.

Problems with the intestines can manifest not only colicky pain, but also severe diarrhea, which brings a lot of inconvenience.

In such cases, the patient should always carry a pill to help solve this problem.

Treatment in such cases contains drugs Ftalazol or Sulgin, which not only removes this unpleasant symptom, but also have an antibacterial effect. In addition, Imodium will help to “fix” the chair.

Often the cause of intestinal colic and discomfort in the stomach and lower abdomen are stressful situations, so the patient needs not only to remove the symptoms of the disease, but also its cause.

In this case, the treatment is supplemented by taking drops of valerian or motherwort.

It should be remembered that self-treatment for pain in the intestines is very dangerous and can lead to undesirable consequences.

Therefore, before starting to take medicine, you should contact your doctor, who will determine the cause of colic and write out a list of effective medications in this case.

What to drink for pain in the intestines

Stress, unfavorable ecology, unhealthy and unhealthy diet often lead to pain in the intestines and the question "what medicine to drink to cope with pain." You always have a choice: drugs, dietary supplements, folk remedies. Some help immediately, but do not cure and have side effects. Others help, but the effect will be felt only with time. To make the right decision, you should learn more about it.

  1. Medications. What medicines can you drink if your intestines and stomach ache, what kind of pill to drink for acute pain? First, any pain, and especially acute pain, is a warning signal of danger. For example, if you burn yourself, then the pain “screams” that the arm must be pulled back, cooled, that one must be careful in the future. So with pain in the intestines - measures must be taken to heal the damage. It is necessary to find out what the problem is (it is worth being examined by a doctor) and correct it (cure), and it is important to change the diet if it is unhealthy, irregular, if it does not contain the necessary substances for the body, if the food is heavy, fatty, fried, etc.In addition, the drugs kill the beneficial intestinal microflora and stomach, which is simply indispensable for the health of the digestive tract!
  2. Folk remedies. When guts are sore, you can drink rosemary infusion (two teaspoons pour boiling water and leave for five minutes) and take a hot bath to remove the spasm. Chamomile tea infusion will also help (a tablespoon of chamomile flowers is filled with boiling water and infused for an hour under a lid). Folk remedies act gently. But you need to reconsider the diet and to restore the intestinal microflora.
  3. Supplements. The best way to improve the intestinal microflora is Daigo - drink, which is an extract of fermented fermented milk bacteria. This is one of the best things you can drink when your bowels hurt. Daigo increases the number of beneficial bacteria, normalizes the intestinal microflora, helps to cleanse the intestines, improves immunity. If pain and discomfort in the intestine, drink Daigo - this should be done in a course of three months. Unlike traditional remedies and especially medicines, Daigo has no side effects. It is aimed at the most important component of the health of the digestive tract - the microflora.

So, we recommend Daigo to drink from intestinal pain, and also to reconsider your diet and lifestyle in the direction of following the rules:

  • drink on an empty stomach for half an hour before breakfast a glass of water,
  • Every day you should have cereal (buckwheat, oatmeal, brown rice, etc.), fresh vegetables, fruits,
  • if you like meat, supplement it with vegetables (ideally, fresh, steamed or stewed, but without potatoes),
  • add healthy fats: vegetable oils, nuts, fish, avocados, seeds,
  • increase physical activity, as it improves blood circulation in the digestive tract and improves intestinal motility.

Order Daigo Now! And if you have any questions, you can contact us by phone, listed on the site, or by writing to us.

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Adult Abdominal Pain Tablets List

Pain in the abdomen can have different manifestations. The pain can be:

Pain syndrome may have associated symptoms: nausea, vomiting, intestinal upset, etc. Pain relief is helped by the use of analgesics, antispasmodics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Diagnosis of severe abdominal pain may indicate inflammation of the appendix, malignant tumors, severe intoxication due to poisoning or infection of an intestinal infection. In this case, it is especially important to avoid taking pills until the doctor arrives and an accurate diagnosis is made. In no case, with these types of pain to carry out self-treatment. This can not only affect the establishment of the exact cause of pain, but also greatly harm the further healing process. For pain in the abdomen before the arrival of the doctor, you can use local means of anesthesia: heat on the stomach, light massage, complete rest.

2 groups of drugs

If the stomach hurts and it appears due to increased flatulence, spasms, reflux, changes in the acidity of the gastric juice, malfunctions in the digestive process, doctors appoint the main group of drugs that helps to eliminate these factors:

  • myotropic antispasmodic drugs help eliminate spasms of intestinal smooth muscle,
  • antacids normalize intestinal peristalsis, which helps to eliminate stagnation in it and remove the symptoms of increased gas formation,
  • anticholinergics have an antispasmodic and antacid effect by reducing the effect of the autonomic nervous system on the gastrointestinal tract,
  • digestive enzymes help in improving the processes of digestion.

For abdominal pains, the most sought-after and effective are:

  1. No shpa.Eliminates the spastic phenomenon in the gastrointestinal tract and spasm in the intestines, refers to myotropic antispasmodics. The drug lowers blood pressure. The drug is contraindicated in view of this property for pregnant and suffering from kidney and liver diseases.
  2. Spazmalgon is a tablet preparation containing anti-inflammatory components, as well as substances possessing the properties of myotropic antispasmodics and anticholinergics.
  3. Metoclopramide is a medicine that has a central effect. It normalizes intestinal motility, blocking specific brain receptors. The drug eliminates nausea and vomiting, but due to its lowering properties it cannot be used by people who work as drivers.
  4. Ranitidine. It prevents the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers, eliminates nausea and vomiting reflex. Contraindicated in pregnancy, children under 14 years of age and people suffering from renal failure.
  5. Omez. Belongs to the group of antacids that reduce the acidity of gastric juice. The effectiveness of this drug is pronounced with pancreatitis, peptic ulcer, gastric pain caused by reflux. You can not take this medicine during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  6. Drotaverinum - an antispasmodic.
  7. Rennie is an antacid.
  8. Reglan - a drug that normalizes intestinal motility, eliminates the symptoms of strong gas formation.

Modern pharmacology can offer a large list of tablets that help to remove the painful manifestation in the stomach.

3 Menstrual

In women, in most cases, menstrual pain is most common. According to the conclusions of doctors, this type of pain syndrome can have different causes, but the main ones are hormonal disorders. The hormones progesterone and estrogen are the main regulators of the menstrual cycle, therefore, irregularities in their production can turn into painful sensations, which only painkillers can help. As a rule, the characteristic signs of this condition are strong painful manifestations occurring with other disorders in the body: headache, diarrhea, fever, gag reflex, bleeding.

A drug taken to relieve a pain symptom will not have a lasting effect if the cause of this condition is an existing pathology of the urinary organs, tumors and diseases of the female genital organs. In this case, pills for abdominal pain will not be able to remove the main cause of pain. If the cause is hormonal disruption or inflammatory processes, then nonsteroidal remedies can help to eliminate discomfort, which the doctor recommends taking 2-3 days before the onset of menstruation. This enhances the effect of the drug. In this group of drugs, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen, Diclofenac, Indomethacin, Piroxicam are especially distinguished.

Contraindications to taking these pills are sensitivity to the individual components of the drug, exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases, kidneys, liver, pregnancy and breastfeeding. The second group of drugs that help with this type of pain syndrome are antispasmodics: No-shpa, Drotaverin, Papaverine, Halidor, Spazmalgon, Spazgan. Doctors can prescribe the replacement of these pills only if the patient has glaucoma, renal failure, allergies, low blood pressure.

Among the analgesics during menstruation helps Baralgin, Analgin, Pyretin, Novalgin, Ditsinon and others.

4 Gastric

The cause of abdominal pain can be stomach problems. Before properly prescribing an effective medicine, the doctor diagnoses the location of the main painful manifestations. An assessment is also made of the nature of the pain, its duration. Soreness of the stomach is expressed in pain, which manifests itself in the lower part of the chest in the intercostal space.If its localization is observed in the lower abdomen and, besides it, the patient notices increased gas formation, a violation of the stool, then, most likely, the inflammatory processes of the lower parts of the large intestine became the cause of this condition.

In this case, the doctor prescribes not only what kind of pills to drink, but also recommends switching to a diet food that excludes the intake of carbohydrate-rich food that promotes bowel relaxation and increased flatulence. The list of pills prescribed by a doctor can include Linex, Allohol, Gastal, Mezim, Motilium, Penzital, Trimedat. What to take for pain and what to drink as an anesthetic? Papaverine, Halidor, Gimekromon, Mebeverin are prescribed. This group of antispasmodics, by acting on smooth muscle tissue, improves blood circulation in the stomach. Drugs reduce the activity of cells and affect the receptors of the nervous system. In addition, doctors may, if necessary, be assigned another group of antispasmodics, which include Atropine, Aprofen, Difacil.

5 Discomfort at the child

Before you give a child with painful manifestations in the abdomen medicine, you need to find out what caused the discomfort and pain. Do not immediately give a painkiller to your baby when he complains about pain. Such a step may lead to violations in the body, and in severe cases, cause of his hospitalization. It concerns an attack of appendicitis. If parents give a pill for abdominal pain during inflammation of the appendix, the pain may temporarily subside, but the inflammation process will not be eliminated and may lead to such serious consequences as peritonitis or sepsis. A child can be given a pill only if the stomach hurts, but there is no temperature and signs of intoxication of the body. Pills can be treated with diarrhea, which is a weak bowel disorder, but not diarrhea caused by intestinal intoxication.

As a single dose, it is allowed before the arrival of the doctor to give the baby a pill from the abdomen if he has increased flatulence or intestinal spasm caused by improper diet. With localization of pain in the upper abdomen, medications that contain enzymes can help him: Festal, Mezim, Penzital. The pain in the lower abdomen is eliminated by the use of drugs that relieve spasm in the intestines, improve the movement of food through it, and also eliminate bloating: Mebeverin, Fenicaberan, Buscopan, Riabal.

If a child complains of a feeling of heaviness and distention in the abdomen, it is better to give him medications such as Simethicone, Filtrum, Polifan, Enterosgel, Espumizan. Of great importance after the anti-pain therapy associated with disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, is the administration of tableted preparations containing beneficial bacteria and restoring the intestinal microflora after an illness: Bifiform, Linex, Enterol.

If symptoms such as nausea, retching, fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, diarrhea are added to the abdominal pain, you should immediately call an ambulance. This may indicate the development of severe gastrointestinal pathologies in the child’s body.

Abdominal Pain Pill Review

Abdominal pain is a very common state of discomfort, or rather the aggravating symptomatic background of any hidden ailment. This may be indigestion, aggravation of gastritis, abnormal liver function, pain at the beginning of the menstrual cycle, inflammation of the uterus or ovaries in women. You should always be ready to provide first aid to yourself and your close ones and to have various pills for stomach pains in your home medicine chest.

Pain medication groups

It is impossible to choose from reviews the most effective analgesic (pain reliever) and rely on the result, since each of the specific causes of pain requires an impact on a specific area.According to the mechanism of action of drugs, eliminating discomfort in the abdomen, are divided into:

  • Antacids (Almagel, Maalox) - work through reducing the acidity of gastric juice, so they are often prescribed as medicines that relieve aggravation of gastritis, peptic ulcer.
  • Myotropic antispasmodics (Halidor, No-Shpa) - relaxes smooth muscles, can be used with non-steroid group substances. As tablets for abdominal cramps apply for a short period.
  • Analgesics (Piretin, Analgin) - suppress (drown out) all types of pain, but act for a short time and do not eliminate the cause.
  • Cholinolytics (Spasmalgon) - affect the parasympathetic (vegetative) nervous system, inhibit the transfer of excitation from postanglionic fibers to smooth muscles and digestive glands, which has an antispasmodic and anti-acid effect.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Diclofenac, Naproxen, Piroxicam) - have a pronounced anesthetic property, but have a negative effect on the organs of the digestive tract (irritate the mucous membrane). Work through the effects on cyclooxygenase: a group of enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins that affect the nerve endings. Recommended as tablets for intense abdominal pain caused by the inflammatory process and requiring immediate elimination.
  • Digestive enzymes (Mezim, Festal) - help to facilitate the process of digesting food, reduce discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract, supplying the body with the missing (or produced in small quantities) enzymes. Mostly appointed for discomfort in the pancreas, liver, gallbladder.
  • Stimulants of intestinal peristalsis (Motilium, Metoclopramide) - eliminate gas formation and stagnation, normalizing wavelike contractions of smooth muscles.

Pills for pain in the abdomen

It is necessary to select a drug that will quickly and permanently eliminate the pain syndrome with a doctor and only after specifying the diagnosis, because you can disguise the symptom of a serious illness and skip the beginning of its development. The following tools are the best in their categories according to the patient reviews, are highly effective, but require expert advice before taking the drug.

The most well-known and inexpensive myotropic antispasmodic (40–60 p. For 6 tablets) works on drotaverine hydrochloride (an isoquinoline derivative), additionally has a vasodilator effect, and therefore is used as an antihypertensive (to reduce pressure) drug. Additional components are:

  • corn starch,
  • lactose,
  • talc,
  • magnesium stearate,
  • Povidone.

The amount of active ingredient in the 1st tablet is 40 mg. The antispasmodic effect is achieved by inhibiting the enzyme PDE4, which stimulates the relaxation of smooth muscles. The effectiveness of the drug is determined by the amount of PDE4 in the tissues, therefore, mainly No-Shpa is appointed to eliminate spastic pain in the organs of the gastrointestinal tract of neurogenic and muscular origin. Can relieve spasm of the biliary tract. Contraindications to the drug are:

  • heart failure (severe),
  • children age (under 6 years),
  • lactose intolerance, galactose,
  • breastfeeding period,
  • disorders of the liver, kidneys.

In pregnancy and hypotension, the drug is used with caution, under the supervision of a physician. At the same time with high spasmolytic activity, drotaverin has a minimal effect on the cardiovascular system, which reduces the number of adverse reactions on its part, but But-Spa can provoke:

  • drop in blood pressure
  • dizziness,
  • pulse acceleration
  • headache,
  • insomnia
  • nausea, vomiting,
  • allergic skin reactions.

With severe abdominal pain during the day, adults can drink 6 tablets of No-Shpy (240 mg of the active substance), but the recommended single dose is 40-80 mg. The maximum duration of continuous reception is 2 days. If the medicine was prescribed by the doctor as an adjuvant therapy, the course can be extended to 3 days. The pill is swallowed with plenty of water.

Duspatalin

Myotropic antispasmodic, working on mebeverin (135 mg), acts almost similarly to No-Shpe: relieves smooth muscle spasms, eliminates intestinal colic, but does not affect peristaltic contractions, therefore does not interfere with the advancement of food masses, does not affect blood pressure. Duspatalin can be prescribed as a medicine for abdominal pain caused by gallbladder dysfunction, irritable bowel syndrome, and functional disorders of the digestive system organs. Contraindications:

  • intolerance to the components of the composition,
  • pregnancy (pill form).

The cost of the drug - from 460 p. for small packaging (30 pcs.). The drug is drunk half an hour before meals, swallowing with plenty of water. A single dose is 1 pc., Should be taken 3 p / day. The duration of the course of treatment is determined by the doctor; gradual withdrawal after long-term therapy is necessary. During pregnancy, capsules are recommended (single dose - 2 pcs.). Side Effects of Duspatalin:

  • headache, dizziness,
  • nausea, constipation,
  • allergic skin reactions.

Activated carbon

The cheapest medicine to eliminate the processes of decay, fermentation and gas formation in the intestines works on the basis of the same substance of organic origin. Tablets are formed of pressed activated carbon with the addition of potato starch, have high surface activity, bind and remove alkaloids, gases, barbiturates, toxins and salicylates. Additionally act as a remedy for diarrhea. The active substance is not absorbed, does not irritate the mucous membranes, but is contraindicated for persons who have:

  • intestinal atony,
  • peptic ulcer
  • bleeding in the digestive tract,
  • hemorrhoids.

Activated charcoal is drunk 2 hours after a meal or one hour before it. Similarly spread with the rest of the drugs. A single dose for an adult - 1-2 g, the frequency of admission is 3-4 p / day. The maximum amount of the drug per day is 8 g. The tablets are chewed or diluted in 100 ml of warm water. Continuous treatment can be carried out for 5 days. The drug is well tolerated, but stains fecal black and may cause constipation. Price - from 15 p.

Tablets for children

If a child complains of discomfort in the stomach, intestines or under the ribs, its cause should be accurately determined before giving the drug, especially if there is a suspicion of inflammatory processes. Doctors consider it appropriate to take medicines in the absence of temperature and signs of severe intoxication. In disorders of the intestine - spreading, gas, rumbling, heaviness in the lower part - prescribe:

  • Filtrum is a sorbent of organic origin on hydrolyzed lignin that binds toxins in the intestinal lumen, stopping diarrhea. Children of any age are prescribed Filtrum-STI: children under 3 years old are half a pill, older are whole. You need to drink one hour before meals, you can grind and dissolve in water. The drug can provoke constipation, is not prescribed for exacerbation of ulcers and intestinal atony. Cost - 50–100 rubles.
  • Enterosgel - adsorbing and detoxifying agent on polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate, binds and removes toxic substances. Absolutely safe, not used only with intestinal atony, can provoke constipation. The gel is taken 1-2 hours after a meal or before it, washed down with water. Children's dose - 0.5-1 tbsp. l with a frequency of 3 p / day. The cost of Enterosgel is 400–450 p.
  • Espumized - capsules on simethicone reduce flatulence, reducing surface tension at the boundaries between the liquid and the gas. It is prescribed to children from the age of 6, is prohibited in case of intestinal obstruction, does not cause any side reactions. Capsules drink 2 pcs. up to 5 times a day, the duration of the course is determined by the doctor. Long intervals between food and drug is not required. Espumizana price - from 260 p.

For digestive disorders characterized by discomfort between the ribs or in the navel, use of enzyme drugs on pancreatin. They can also be prescribed for long-term therapy for chronic diseases of the gallbladder or pancreas, since they do not cause any harm to the child’s body. The most famous:

  • Mezim - medication on pancreatin, stimulates the replenishment of the deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, is not prescribed for exacerbation of pancreatitis and intestinal obstruction. Mezim can cause indigestion and allergic reactions. In children older than 3 years old, 1 tablet is used (except for substitution therapy) with food, with each meal. The drug should be washed down with water. The price of a small package - from 80 p.
  • Festal - an enzyme preparation on pancreatin with hemicellulase and components of bile, compensates for the lack of pancreatic function, facilitates the digestion of food, relieves pain in the hypochondrium. Festal is prohibited in hepatitis and other serious liver diseases, exacerbation of pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, and may cause intestinal colic, nausea, diarrhea. It is used in children from 3 years old, taken with food, the dosage is determined by the doctor. The cost of 20 pills - 150 p.
  • Penzital is an inexpensive (60–80 r.) Remedy for pancreatin, which works similarly to Mezim and is contraindicated only for acute inflammation of the pancreas. In children it can be used from birth, the dose - 100000 IU / day, divided by 3 times. Take with food, squeezed water and not chewed. The main adverse reaction is constipation.

Watch the video: Irritable Bowel Syndrome. IBS. Nucleus Health (December 2019).