Favorable conditions are being created at seaside resorts, not only for numerous tourists, but also for a variety of bacteria, which in a warm climate multiply vigorously. Therefore, children often have diarrhea or vomiting after bathing in the sea. In the summer months, intestinal infections become the main reasons for seeking medical attention.
In addition to pathological factors, vomiting at sea may occur as a result of motion sickness, or so-called seasickness. When vomiting occurs, other symptoms are usually observed: a change in pulse (weakening or increased frequency), general weakness, cold extremities, cold sticky sweat, pale skin of the face.
Vomiting in a child at sea
In the event of vomiting at sea, you should try to establish the cause of this phenomenon. Important diagnostic factors are associated with its appearance. Therefore, you should install:
- single vomiting or repetitive,
- did the patient have such cases in the past
- the presence of diseases that can cause such a reaction,
- elapsed time,
- what products the patient has consumed recently and so on.
Much about the nature of vomiting at sea and the causes of it caused can be found in the study of vomiting.
Vomiting with an admixture of poorly digested and completely undigested food, which occurs a few hours after a meal, is most likely caused by food poisoning or gastritis. If such vomiting appears 5-6 hours after the last meal and later, then this indicates a lesion of the stomach or upper intestines.
With pathologies of the stomach associated with an increase in acidity, vomiting is noted with a pronounced sour odor. The appearance of a rotten smell in vomit is a symptom of chronic lesions of the stomach, which requires a thorough examination.
If the vomit acquire the character and smell of feces, then intestinal obstruction can be suspected. Blood in one form or another may be present in vomiting with bleeding of different localization. In any case, when such a symptom occurs, the patient should be put to bed and prevented from moving. When stomach bleeding on the abdomen is useful to put a bubble with ice. Over the next two days, a person with such a diagnosis is forbidden to drink and eat. During this period, he is given daily enemas in the morning and evening, each time introducing 0.5-0.6 liters of 10-15% aqueous sugar solution. From the third day, the introduction of semi-liquid cold food is allowed, which is given to the patient for several more days on the recommendation of the doctor.
Vomiting caused by food poisoning cannot be stopped, because toxins and poor food are thus removed from the body. The patient must provide a large amount of warm water, it can be replaced with a pale solution of potassium permanganate. With strong food poisoning, it is worthwhile to collect a small part of the vomit in a sterile container and carry it to a bacteriological examination.
To prevent subsequent bouts of vomiting, after its termination, it is advisable to rinse the patient's mouth with clean water and put him on the bed. It is better to refuse food to improve well-being, water can be drunk gradually in small sips. When the feet become cold, a warm heating pad can be attached to them, and 20 drops of cordiamin are prescribed inside.
Vomiting at sea, caused by motion sickness, usually stops after a short period of time after the provoking factor ceases to act. Relieve the state of motion sickness with the help of special preparations.
Prolonged, persistent, agonizing vomiting is an unequivocal reason for calling a doctor immediately.
Causes of vomiting at sea
The temperature and vomiting of a child at sea often develops against the background of complete well-being. It seems that since the morning the child was vigorous and healthy, and by lunchtime the first symptoms of the disease begin to appear. The primary task of adults is to find out the cause of such a child’s condition. And the reasons for nausea and vomiting abound:
- Poisoning - a very common cause of illness in a child at sea. This occurs when a sharp change in diet and inclusion in the menu of national pickles. In addition, on the beach, parents often allow a child to eat popcorn, chips, pizza, candy and drink sweet soda. A weak ventricle, which is simply unable to digest junk food, begins to work intermittently, leading to disease.
The cause of poisoning a young child at sea can be early berries, fruits and vegetables, which are sold in abundance by local residents. Such plant products are richly fertilized with fertilizers and various chemicals to accelerate growth and aging.
- Heat and sunstroke - this trouble often happens with children who neglect headgear. When overheating, thermoregulation is disturbed, to which the body reacts with syncope, nausea, vomiting and fever. The difference between overheating and poisoning is that diarrhea almost never happens.
- Intestinal infection is a fairly common cause of the disease.. Children, swimming in the sea, accidentally swallow sea water, in which there are pathogenic bacteria. Most often, this phenomenon is observed in extreme heat and in that period when there is a lot of algae floating in the water, dead fish and other debris. With rotavirus intestinal infection very quickly dehydration occurs, in order to prevent this dangerous condition, the baby is strongly otpaivayut.
In case of any health problems in a child at sea, you should immediately consult a doctor. Only a qualified physician can correctly diagnose and prescribe adequate treatment.
The cause of vomiting at sea can be acclimatization, which most parents recall at the very least. Pediatricians are not advised to go to rest with the baby younger than two months, nothing but stress, this trip will not bring.
How to help with poisoning
If a child tasted pies or other dishes sold on the beach, and after a few hours he became ill, you can think about food poisoning. If the child is not yet three years old, an urgent need to seek a doctor, the older child can be helped by yourself:
- The child is well otpaivat small portions. After each gagging give rinse your mouth and throat to reduce the aggressive effects of hydrochloric acid on the mucous membrane.
- The patient is given adsorbents, even classic activated carbon will do. The only thing you need to grind to a state of powder before use.
- If there is a high temperature, then it is necessary to give paracetamol or nurofen in the age dosage.
- The baby is placed in bed, raising the upper part of the body higher with pillows.
The child can be otpaivat ordinary water, compote or pharmaceutical rehydron. For this purpose, you can also use tea or a drink of lemon with honey. Do not give your baby dairy products, concentrated juices and soda.
Before traveling to the sea, it is imperative to assemble a first aid kit, which must include adsorbents and antipyretic drugs.
How to help with heat and sunstroke
Parents should know what to do when overheated in the sun. Help for the child is in the following sequence:
- The victim is transferred to a shade or to a room where there is air conditioning.. It should be noted that the air conditioner should operate at minimum mode, as the sharp drop in ambient temperature is also not good.
- Toddler stripped to underwear, limbs and head wetted with cool water.
- Cotton napkins moistened with cool water can be put on the elbows, under the knees and in the groin area. The same napkin is placed on the forehead.
- If the fever has risen, give antipyretics.
- The patient is given plenty to drink, and the drink should be cool.
Treat solar and heat strokes symptomatically. With mild overheating, enough cool air and water to bring the baby to life. If overheating is strong, heart drugs may be needed..
You should not hesitate to call a doctor if the child is unconscious. In this case, there may be a malfunction of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
Sea water poisoning: is it possible?
Resting on the sea, people often complain that they are poisoned by sea water. In this case, the disease is accompanied by symptoms such as vomiting, fever, feeling unwell, and (much less often) stool disorders. Small children are especially prone to such diseases. What to do with vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea?
Against this background, the question arises: is it dangerous to swim in the sea?
Infectionists claim that sea water is inherently completely safe. Due to the high content of salt and iodine compounds, it has small antiseptic properties. That is why sea water cannot become an environment in which intestinal or other infections spread and persist, which is typical of water supply sources or fresh water bodies that are not very clean. But vomiting in a child at sea is a frequent occurrence lately.
Saline solutions of seawater are used to flush the nose with a cold and gargle during laryngitis, with their help they make special baths that draw out pus during inflammations. In order to get sick, you would need a very high dose of a toxic substance, but sea water, unlike fresh water, you will not drink in large quantities.
Children suffer more often
Most often, children can swallow the sea. If a significant portion of seawater was obtained, the child may manifest: poor health, vomiting, nausea, and anorexia. This does not raise the temperature and diarrhea will not occur. A similar condition is caused by the influence of salt water on the stomach wall, it passes literally in one day, and in order to alleviate nausea, it is advisable to drink plenty of plain water. Vomiting in a child at sea may be different.
Why can be poisoned on the sea?
If a child, in addition to the above, has other symptoms, then most likely this condition is caused by any of the following reasons:
- Food poisoning and intestinal infection as a possible result. It may be due to low quality products, nutrition in unsanitary conditions, hot climate, exotic dishes, changes in the previous diet. Observed diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, in some cases, the temperature, mostly low (if there is no intestinal infection).
- Infection. Very often children (and sometimes adults) pick up rotavirus or enterovirus enteritis in resort areas. This causes vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea, a temperature exceeding 38 ° C.
- Hypothermia or hypothermia, which can be obtained due to the prolonged stay of the child in the water. Usually, the water has a temperature below the usual for a person of 36.6 degrees, so the body begins to give its own heat, and in the water such a loss is faster than on land, twenty times. In addition, the cause of hypothermia may be wet clothes, if it remains for such a long time. The following symptoms are characteristic: low body temperature, bluish tinge of the legs and hands, goose bumps on the skin, chills. Vomiting may be caused by stomach cramps due to temperature changes. The most important action in this case is to carry the child to the room and rub his body, then wrap him up with a blanket and let him drink a warm drink (but not hotter!). Vomiting a child at sea with a temperature much more dangerous.
- Sunstroke or overheating. Due to a violation of thermoregulation, there is an increase in body temperature (more than 38 ° C), with fainting, weakness, headaches, nausea, and there may be a single vomiting. Diarrhea does not happen. It is worth noting that overheating is much more dangerous than hypothermia.
This is what may cause vomiting in a child at sea.
Signs of poisoning
Symptoms characteristic of food poisoning and intestinal infections can manifest themselves at sea in different ways. It is possible to start treatment without an accurate diagnosis, since the treatment of intestinal disorders is the same. The most important thing is not to miss the occurrence of such dangerous infectious diseases as cholera, typhoid, botulism, salmonellosis, or poisoning by toxins. If there is a slight poisoning or an infection that can be cured at home, then symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, weakness, fever, and in some cases a runny nose, sneezing are observed.
Most often, the onset of the disease is associated with a sharp jump in temperature and vomiting. Such disorders usually pass for a couple of days. If the disease develops slowly, then these symptoms may occur only after two or three days.
But there can be vomiting in a child at sea without a temperature.
The specificity of the course of bacterial infection in children
In case of a sudden appearance of vomiting in a child, it can be understood that pathogenic microflora has appeared in his body. It is necessary to try to remember what foods he ate, whether there was stale food or fruit in the diet. After that, you need to carefully monitor the child's behavior and well-being, pay attention to the skin color and check if he has a fever. In the case of exacerbation of symptoms, action should be taken sooner. Diarrhea and vomiting with a child’s temperature at sea is a serious matter.
With the normal behavior of the child and the disappearance of loose stools, after a while it can be judged that the body has coped itself and is freed from toxic substances. In this case, you must follow a diet and drink as much as possible.
It happens that vomiting occurs once, while there is no temperature, no diarrhea, the child does not shiver after bathing, a rash does not appear on the skin, the mood is good. You do not need to do anything, because in this case there is a symptom of motion sickness, arising from a long road, sea waves, or as a result of the fact that the child swallowed water.
Motion sickness is accompanied by nausea, general weakness and vomiting, but they most often disappear shortly after the influence of the provoking factor ceases. So, what to do when vomiting a child at sea?
First aid for poisoning during the sea holiday
If a child or an adult has poisoned sea water because it has swallowed up in large quantities, you need to drink plenty of fluids and eat foods that are easily absorbed by the body. You can simply vomit at sea in a child without diarrhea.
When food poisoning is necessary to repeatedly wash the stomach with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or salted water: drink and vomit, drink again and so on until the stomach is cleared of food.
If there is a chance of viral enteritis, do not induce vomiting. In the presence of its light form, everything will pass in just a couple of days, but if the disease is severe, you need to go to the doctor.
If there was a heat stroke, the victim should be put in the shade and wipe with cool water.
After the first steps are taken, it is necessary to begin to treat poisoning.
How to treat vomiting in a child at sea without a temperature?
Ways to cure poisoning
To cure poisoning during the sea holiday, you need to adhere to the following recommendations.
With diarrhea and excessive vomiting, you need to use drugs that protect the body from dehydration, such as Hydrovit and Regidron. In case of their absence, you can drink mineral water, releasing gas from it before. The analogue of “Regidron”, prepared at home, is also suitable: a whisper of salt is added to the sweetened water.
To conditionally pathogenic intestinal microflora did not expand its effect, you need to drink "Enterofuril". Use of antibiotics is not recommended.
In the case of coronavirus or rotavirus enteritis, it is necessary to take a drug like Tsitovir.
A universal remedy for vomiting after bathing in a child’s sea is Smekta, an adsorbent that stops diarrhea and soothes the symptoms. There are its analogues such as "Enterosgel", activated carbon, "Polysorb MP" and "Polyphepan."
At high temperature
If the temperature exceeds 38.5 ° C, you need to drink antipyretics. However, children should be given medicines based on analgin or paracetamol. You can also wipe off with a wet towel.
It is necessary to drink plenty of fluids in order to restore its loss by the body and help it to eliminate toxins faster.
On the first day, a hungry diet is recommended, then you need to adhere to a sparing diet and eat clean and fluid writing.
When is the time to see a doctor?
If the child is poisoned, it is necessary to consult a doctor in such cases:
- if he is under three years old
- in the presence of symptoms of dehydration (sunken eyes, poor urination, chapped lips, inelastic skin),
- dark urine color
- respiratory failure, joint swelling, rashes, and other uncharacteristic signs.
Both children and adults need to consult a doctor if vomiting does not pass during the day. What should I do to prevent diarrhea and vomiting after the sea?
Ways to prevent poisoning
To prevent poisoning during the sea holiday and not to spoil your vacation, you need to carefully consider your health and, if possible, avoid dangerous situations.
For this you need:
- take on the trip all the medicines that can come in handy
- not to be in the sun at the peak of heat
- always wear hats, easy to dress,
- do not have purchased salads,
- wash vegetables and fruits well
- use personalized dishes or disposable, if possible,
- not to buy meat products in the heat,
- eat preferably in one place
- not to buy food from sellers who carry it on the beach,
- carefully monitor the quality of the water, and even better - buy bottled water.
We considered what to do when vomiting a child at sea. The main thing is not to raise panic, you must act calmly and confidently.
What is acclimatization?
In acclimatization there is nothing terrible. This is the usual adaptation of the organism to new climatic conditions, time zones and other changes. As a rule, it occurs 2-3 days after arrival at the resort. Passes by itself. During this period, the child should not be physically loaded, led to the sea, should only be offered him easily digestible food. No too active and mobile games.
Stages of acclimatization
Vomiting and child temperature at sea may be associated with acclimatization. It consists of several stages:
Initial stage. Occurs in the first 24 hours after a change in climatic conditions. During this period, the baby behaves as usual.
The manifestation of the reaction. It is this period that doctors call the most difficult, at which time the body begins to react to the changes that are taking place. Vomiting, fever, general malaise, drowsiness, and headaches may occur. Symptoms disappear within 2-3 days.
Partial addiction. The body adapts to new climatic conditions.
If the trip is delayed for more than a month, there is a stage of full acclimatization.
The above steps are necessary for parents to know in order to understand how long the child will feel completely healthy.
Can there be vomiting during acclimatization?
Many parents are wondering if a child may vomit at sea due to acclimatization. In order to answer this question, it is necessary to find out the characteristic symptoms of this phenomenon:
general weakness, dizziness, sleep disturbance,
increased body temperature.
These symptoms can be confused with poisoning or heat stroke. But if they are observed for 2-3 days after arriving at sea and pass during the day, we can safely say that the child’s body reacted to new climatic conditions.
How to deal with it better
Is it possible to prevent or reduce acclimatization for a child? Leading pediatricians claim that this is an individual human feature, so avoid it will not work. But you can prepare a child. For this you need:
A few days before the trip, consult a doctor, purchase medications.
Try to make the trip as comfortable as possible for the baby.
Do not load it physically.
If you can choose a vehicle, it is better to give preference to the train or car. Air travel is bad for children. This is due to the fact that there is a sharp change of climate due to the enormous speed of the aircraft. It is also better to refuse to travel by water, since the child may begin seasickness.
There is nothing terrible in acclimatization, as a rule, after a day the child feels good again.
A vacation trip for pregnant women is all the more desirable in the light of the fact that very soon they are facing sleepless nights and very tense days.
Unusual dishes and desserts always attract little travelers with their novelty. In addition, most parents do some relief in the child's diet for the period of leave. Often, while at sea, the baby eats a lot of ice cream, cotton candy, fruits and sweets.
In the conditions of a hot summer, not all sellers observe the proper mode of storage of products, which is why a child is poisoned.
In order to poison the sea bypassed the child do not buy food on the beach, on the street with trays. In addition, always check the shelf life of the purchased products and their storage conditions (for example, yogurts or pastries should be found in the refrigerator, and not on the counter).
Poisoned child is preferable to show the doctor. In any case, in case of poisoning, it is necessary to wash the stomach: give a child a weak solution of soda or potassium permanganate to drink (just don’t try to replace it with iodine or green paint!) And induce vomiting (two fingers in your mouth). If necessary, repeat the procedure until no more leftover food comes out of the water.
A good means of disinfecting the gastrointestinal tract in food poisoning is Enterofuril. Children's Enterofuril is released into the form of a very tasty and sweet bright yellow banana-flavored syrup.
Constant helpers in getting rid of signs of poisoning are enterosorbents, for example, activated carbon (tablets), Polysorb (powder) or Enteros-gel (paste for oral administration). It should be remembered that the principle of action of drugs of this type lies in the fact that they absorb the contents of the gastrointestinal tract and eliminate toxins along with feces. Together with the substances that caused the poisoning, the enterosorbents absorb and medications, therefore, it is IMPOSSIBLE to take the enterosorbent:
- within 2 hours AFTER taking the medicine for poisoning (otherwise the medicine will not work, as it will be absorbed by the enterosorbent)
- Do not take medication and eat within 2 hours AFTER ingestion of the enterosorbent.
A couple of days after poisoning diets: you can eat dried bread, porridge on the water. Then other foods are gradually returned to the diet.
Sunstroke as a cause of vomiting at sea
Excessive stay in the scorching sun leads to a general overheating of the body in children and adults. Signs of sunstroke are not immediately apparent, but after two or three hours, sometimes after transitions to a cool room. Sunstroke is dangerous because it affects the work of the heart, brain, nervous system and can cause serious health problems. Recognize sunstroke after prolonged exposure to the sun can be nausea and vomiting, dizziness, temperature (up to 39-40 degrees) and chills, rapid heartbeat for no apparent reason.
Help for a child affected by sunstroke should be provided immediately. First of all, it should be placed in a shade or a cool room and provide enough water to drink. The child should be put so that his feet were a little higher than his head, on his forehead, place a handkerchief dipped in water or a towel.
In no case do not put the baby on his back, if he vomits. In such cases, only pose on the side.
In case of sunstroke, be sure to call an ambulance: only a specialist will be able to assess the severity of the baby’s condition and decide on further treatment.
Does vomiting in case of sunburn
Reddening of the skin after a trip to the beach is a problem known to many light-skinned residents of the middle zone who are not accustomed to the southern sun. Sunburns cause damage to the skin, redness, swelling, pain, burning, inflammation and, as a result, general intoxication of the body. In turn, it leads to nausea.
Of course, sunburn, and especially in a child, should not be allowed. The stores sell a lot of products with UV filters that do not allow the sun to harm delicate baby skin. It is better to buy a cream or spray beforehand, even before the trip, because they are in demand at the resort, are not cheap and are not always available.
The first thing is to take the child out of the scorching sun, sprinkle the damaged areas of skin clean (not salty !! Not sea!) And let him get drunk. You can add lemon juice to the water: it helps to cope with nausea.
Severe pain is relieved by ordinary children's pain remedies, such as Nurofen or Panadol. These syrups (or suppositories) will simultaneously reduce skin soreness, lower the temperature caused by the burn, and begin to fight inflammation.
Do not smear the skin with butter or sour cream, it will only increase the pain. Panthenol Spray Foam is an ideal remedy for restoring affected skin (even a special type of burn is produced). The drug is good because for its application it is not necessary to touch the diseased skin - the spray is sprayed in the form of a light but dense foam that envelops the burn, protecting the burned area from the ingress of pathogenic bacteria.
For severe burns with blistering, hospitalization is recommended.
Vomiting due to acclimatization
The mysterious word "acclimatization" is not clear to everyone. It would seem, what acclimatization can be, if vacationers flew to the sea from the city, which suffers from the heat even more than the coast.
However, in some cases, a change in time zone, day regimen, insolation mode (sunlight), drinking water, etc., provokes headaches, nausea and drowsiness, even in an adult.
Manifestations of acclimatization are unpleasant, but not dangerous. Within a day or two, the malaise will pass without treatment. During this period, it is not necessary to load the kid with an active pastime, a quiet rest in the shade will help you quickly recover strength.
Malaise due to stress
Do not forget that traveling by train, flying by plane or having to spend the night in an unfamiliar place can cause a great deal of stress in a preschooler. And this, in turn, provokes a variety of symptoms, for example: headache, dizziness, nervous agitation or depression, nausea.
In such a situation, parents should definitely give the child to feel that he is safe and this trip to the sea is a pleasant and fun pastime, and after a while the baby will be able to return home to his toys and friends.
When vomiting a child at sea, do not panic. It is important to find out the cause of the disease and take appropriate measures. When leaving for the sea holiday "savage" with a child, be sure to bring along a first-aid kit, medical policy and in advance find out the location and phone number of the nearest children's hospital.
The reason for this may be a different intestinal infection, which develops according to some factors: insanitary conditions, sea water, climate change, spoiled food products due to the hot climate and so on. The main symptoms are low body temperature in a patient, vomiting, diarrhea and nausea, painful sensations in the area of the gastrointestinal tract.
Diseases that cause vomiting in a child
Intestinal infections are a common cause of vomiting in a child.
At sea, children are mostly infected with bacteria and viruses that cause diseases of the intestines and other organs:
The main route of transmission of pathogens is sea water, in which many people bathe. Salt contained in it, does not always kill all the germs, so the child is enough to make a few random sips of water while bathing, and he may already become infected. This is all the more dangerous since children are much more susceptible to infections than adults.
There are also 2 other ways of spreading infections among vacationers:
- through food covered with microorganisms,
- through dirty hands with which patients can touch objects.
Therefore, a child can literally pick up an infection anywhere on the sea, for example, by eating fruit or food bought at the local market.
Symptoms of intestinal infections
Symptoms that manifest intestinal infections depend on the type of pathogen, but they also have common symptoms. For example, vomiting and diarrhea in a child, which appeared on the sea, can often be the result of gastrointestinal disorders. Vomiting can be severe while diarrhea is frequent and abundant.
In feces may be:
In this case, the child has a stomach ache, fever, loss or lack of appetite, severe malaise, weakness. If such symptoms appear, the child should be immediately referred to a doctor to find out the causes of the disorder and its treatment.
Acclimatization to the sea
If a child vomits into the sea, but this symptom appears without temperature, then, most likely, the reason is not in infections and poisoning, but in the process of habituation of his body to unusual climatic conditions. Even adults can hardly acclimatize what to speak about children.
In this case, besides vomiting and nausea, the child may have:
- unstable stool, i.e., diarrhea changed by constipation
- trouble sleeping
Symptoms develop quickly, so it is possible to notice that a child is getting used to new conditions for himself, it is possible on the second day of his stay at sea. It is useful for parents to remember that this is not a disease, there is no threat to the health of the child, and to help him adapt, he only needs to eliminate the symptoms.
Sun or heatstroke
Long stay on the beach can end up so that the child will receive heat or sunstroke. Especially if he is there without a hat.
Overheating of the body in combination with dehydration can lead to:
- nausea and vomiting
- general weakness
- reddening of the skin
- strong thirst
- pains in the stomach
- temperature increase (up to 40 ° С).
Heat and sunstroke is a serious test for the body, it can pose a threat to the health and even the life of the child, so it cannot be ignored. First aid can be provided to the victim already on the beach, and if the condition is severe, then immediately send him to the hospital.
How to help a child at sea
The sequence of actions depends on what caused the vomiting.
If it is overheating, then you need:
- take the child to the shadow
- it is convenient to lay or seat it,
- give water to drink (but by no means cold) and pour it over it,
- fan him with clothes or a towel to create air circulation,
- put a cold compress on your head and chest,
- rub hands and feet with alcohol or vodka.
If the child’s condition has not stabilized, it is urgently necessary to take him to the hospital.
In case of child vomiting, parents should always keep with them:
- cold water
- mineral still water
- salted and sweetened water (1 tsp. salt and 5 tsp. sugar per 1 liter),
- rehydration powder,
- weak tea without sugar
- dogrose infusion.
Give the child to drink in small portions, but often. Fluid temperature should be close to body temperature. You can also give sorbents (Enterosgel, activated carbon, Smektu, Polysorb). They will help if the cause of vomiting is poisoning. It does not interfere with even rinsing the stomach with a pink solution of potassium permanganate. If the stomach hurts badly, you can give painkillers. No antibiotics can be given, since it has not yet been established that vomiting has arisen due to an infection, such treatment can only harm. If vomiting has not stopped, you should immediately take the child to the hospital.
How to prevent possible problems
In order for a child to travel to the sea was associated only with pleasant memories, it is necessary to do everything possible to preserve his health for the rest.
- It is necessary to monitor the fact that the child eats, so that he does not pick up the infection. You should not buy him food that is sold with it, because there is no guarantee that it is not infected.
- You do not need to encourage your child to be fond of products that are exotic to him, even if they are fresh. Unfamiliar food can lead to indigestion.
- Eat better in proven institutions or cook yourself.
- It is also important to observe if the child washes his hands after visiting the beach, using the toilet and before eating.
- In order to avoid heat stroke, parents should not allow a child to sunbathe on the beach for a long time or swim in the sea water, especially during the period of greatest heat: from 11 to 16 h.
- He should hide from the sun under the beach umbrellas, drink plenty of clean or salted water. Drinks, especially too sweet, should be limited.
Parents should remember that vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea is not a reason to immediately panic. You just need to try to establish why this is happening, and try to help him. But, in any case, if the condition of the victim does not normalize within 12 hours or, on the contrary, worsens, then professional medical assistance is simply necessary for him.
Still, poisoning. First aid
If child vomiting at sea has opened, remember a few important rules:
do not overload the stomach with fatty, heavy foods, offer only easily digestible foods,
give the baby as much fluid as possible
if you are sure it is poisoning, flush the stomach,
keep a diet for several days.
Remember: if a child is severely vomited at sea, the treatment should be followed immediately, so that dehydration does not occur.
What should be taken from drugs
If a child begins to vomit and diarrhea at sea, these are the first signs of food poisoning. It is necessary to take measures to remove intoxication and improve the condition of the baby. Doctors in this case suggest using the following medications:
Sorbents. Well suited activated carbon.
Drugs from dehydration. If there are none, ordinary mineral water without gas will do.
Any antiviral drugs.
Drugs to stop vomiting and diarrhea, such as Smekta.
In addition to these drugs, if the child has a fever, it is necessary to give a febrifuge.
Prevention of poisoning at the resort
Vomiting in a child at sea is an unpleasant phenomenon that may occur as a result of food poisoning. In order not to spoil your vacation, you must comply with preventive measures:
There are only fresh products, pay attention to the date of manufacture.
Follow the rules of hygiene, if you can not wash your hands in time, use wet wipes and special antibacterial agents.
Wear a hat.
Try to eat in one place.
Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly.
Water is better to drink bottled.
These simple rules will help you and your child to eliminate food poisoning at the resort.
We collect the first-aid kit: what medicines on the sea with a child should be taken
Rest on a resort with a baby is not always only positive moments. It happens that children have a sharp rise in temperature, vomiting and diarrhea, a runny nose, cough, and no one is immune from this. If a child is sick at sea, you should not hesitate, but take urgent measures. Of course, it would be good to see a doctor, but if there is no such possibility, you should start the treatment yourself. To do this, you must be properly assembled first aid kit. It will contain:
Antipyretics based on paracetamol and ibuprofen. In addition to the syrup? it is necessary to buy candles, vomiting attacks occur in children with poisoning and acclimatization, therefore a sweet suspension is not always appropriate.
Antihistamines ("Diazolin", "Claritin", "Loratadin", "Fenistil").
Vasoconstrictor drugs ("Nazivin", "Rinorus", "Aquamaris" and others).
Sorbents (activated carbon, "Regidron").
Remedies for frustration and vomiting ("Smekta", "Nifuroksazid", "Filtrum").
Ear drops (“Candibiotik”, “Otipaks”).
Also, make sure that in the first-aid kit was a plaster, bandage, brilliant green, iodine, hydrogen peroxide.
A trip with a child to the sea may not always go smoothly. The children's body is not yet able to respond to changes in climatic conditions and time zones in the same way as an adult. Therefore, acclimatization cases occur. More serious things with poisoning, which are not uncommon in the resorts. Going to the sea, correctly assemble a first-aid kit, so that all the necessary preparations are always at your fingertips, follow the rules of hygiene, offer your child only fresh food, and your vacation will be remembered from the positive side.
Help with rotavirus
If after bathing a child in the Azov or Black Sea, symptoms of intestinal infection appear, it is advisable to show the baby to the doctor. However, if the condition is stable and satisfactory, you can try to deal with this problem yourself.
The main task in rotavirus is considered to be the patient's otpaivanie. The child is given a lot to drink, the liquid is given in fractional portions, but very often. It is not recommended to immediately give antidiarrheal and antiemetic drugs, as this will delay pathogenic microbes in the body, due to which recovery will be delayed.
Mandatory give adsorbents - it can be enterosgel, Polysorb or phosphalugel. Sorbents are given in therapeutic dosage, given the age and weight of the child. If, after taking the adsorbent, vomiting begins again, it is given again in the same dose.
After improving the condition, the patient is shown the course to drink probiotics. The most common is Linex and Hilak Forte.
It is strictly forbidden to give antibacterial drugs without a prescription. This can lead to persistent infection.
Assistance with acclimatization
Vomiting and diarrhea in a child at sea can be the result of acclimatization. In this state, there is nothing terrible, just the body adapts to unusual conditions of existence. Typically, this condition develops on the 2-3 day after arriving at the resort, it passes on its own.
Acclimatization is divided into several stages, each of which is characterized by its own characteristics:
- The initial stage takes place on the first day of the sea, the child behaves as if nothing had happened during this time period.
- The occurrence of the reaction is the most difficult stage of getting used to the new terrain. Vomiting, fever, headache and atypical weakness occur during this period. All signs will pass without a trace in a few days.
- Partial addiction - at this time the body gradually gets used to the new conditions.
- Full acclimatization - occurs when living near the sea is long.
Pediatricians say that the tendency to acclimatization depends on the genetic predisposition of a person, therefore, it is unlikely to avoid. But the child can be helped. To do this, you need to minimize all physical and mental stress, and the menu to create a menu so that in the diet were only easily digestible products. Walking on the sea is not worth it until the child’s condition returns to normal.
When choosing a vehicle for traveling with a child, it is better to give preference to a car or a train; air travel is not very good for kids.
How to prevent vomiting at sea
To vomit and high temperature in a child after swimming in the sea did not darken the rest of the whole family, it is worth adhering to the recommendations of doctors:
- You can buy food only in central stores that are equipped with refrigerators.. In this case, always pay attention to the date of manufacture.
- At sea, it is doubly necessary to follow the rules of hygiene and wash hands with soap and water as often as possible.
- It is advisable not to be under the sun from 11 to 15 hours, at this time the rays are especially aggressive.
- In the summer, the child must always wear a panama,
- If the family eats in a restaurant, then it’s best to do it in the same place. Do not choose a child a variety of exotic dishes.
- It is not advisable to buy berries, fruits and vegetables for which the time of ripening has not yet come. In such products a lot of chemistry.
- Drinking water is better to buy in bottles or special bottles..
If a baby has signs of acclimatization, it is necessary to provide him with calm conditions and a balanced diet. In no case should you pull the kid to the beach at this time, it is better to read a book with him in the hotel.
If the child is sick at sea, do not immediately panic and pack your bags home. First you need to figure out what caused this condition. It may well be that this is just acclimatization. If the child’s condition worsens, you should contact the health worker who is in each hotel.
Bacterial causes of vomiting at sea
One of the most common causes of vomiting at sea is infection by pathogenic enterobacteria. Conditionally pathogenic microorganisms can cause a similar reaction with various adverse factors.
It is important to try to find out the cause of the ailment. Vomiting at sea can be the result of eating unwashed fruits, stale food, low-quality products and other things. Be sure to pay attention to the health of the child, the presence of a high temperature, blurred eyes, pallor of the skin. All these signs indicate a serious pathology and require immediate visits to the medical center. Usually it is at resorts, boarding houses and most official beaches.
While maintaining a child's normal state of health, one-time slight vomiting and diarrhea, if they disappear within a couple of hours, help the body remove toxins without help. In this case, you should ensure proper drinking and rest for the child.
Viral causes of vomiting at sea
Infection with the virus in the sea is manifested not only by vomiting and a violation of the stool, but also by a significant increase, and in some cases a strong decrease in body temperature. It can rise to 39 or more degrees or fall to 35. When exhausting repeated vomiting of a child, it is necessary to unsolder. Water is given to him intermittently in five minutes on a small spoon. Heat is reduced by the use of antipyretic drugs. If all these actions do not help, then it is necessary to hospitalize the child. In the hospital, he will be able to carry out infusion therapy.
In case of viral intestinal infections caused by vomiting at sea, one should not take drugs related to immunomodulators, probiotics, antibiotics and the like. At this time, it is not recommended to feed the child, as this will cause a new attack of vomiting and reduce the body's immune properties.
Means against vomiting at sea
For vomiting at sea, glucose-salt solutions, sold as powders, may be needed. Such drugs include tourrol, rehydron. Sugar salt solution can be prepared independently. The action of all these funds is aimed at restoring the water balance and replenishing the lost fluid. For the same purpose, you can use a warm bath in which the child is placed. The absorption of moisture to some extent occurs through the skin, so after the procedure, the baby is likely to become better.